Coasts

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Author:
Jenbunni
ID:
84632
Filename:
Coasts
Updated:
2011-05-08 21:13:18
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Coasts Munasinghe
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Coasts, Munasinghe
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  1. A coast is an area affected by ( )
    Marine Processes
  2. New coasts are formed by ( ), ( ), and ( ).
    Volcanism, uplift, mass movements
  3. Most primary coastlines are ( ) in shape, and their dominant geologic process is ( ).
    irregular, erosional
  4. Most secondary coasts form by ( ) of primary coasts and their coastlines are relatively ( ).
    changing, smooth
  5. During the evolution of a primary coast, the headlands are ( ), and the bays are ( ).
    eroded, deposited
  6. ( ) Coast is an example of Primary Coast.
    Palos Verdes
  7. A cliff is a ( ) slope in a coast.
    steep
  8. The line between land and sea is called the ( ).
    shoreline
  9. A beach is an ( ) of sediments at a ( ).
    accumulation, shore
  10. A beach made of boulders indicates that the waves that come to this beach are relatively ( ).
    Large
  11. Waves thta form a clay beach are relatively ( ).
    small
  12. A Wavecut Platform is a ( ) rocky are at ( ).
    flat, sealevel
  13. ( ) are rocky islands in the area here waves break.
    sea stacks
  14. Sea stacks form due to the erosion of ( ) and may follow the formation of ( ).
    headlands, sea archse
  15. ( ) are large notches.
    Sea Caves
  16. Wave-Cut Platforms are formed when cliffs ( )
    retreat
  17. Cliffs are eroded by waves every day. True/False
    False
  18. Marine Terraces in a coast indicate that ( ) was the cause of the formation of that coast.
    uplift
  19. Building a ( ) can prevent erosion due to longshore currents.
    Jetty/Groyn
  20. Building ( ), ( ), or ( ) can prevent erosion due to longshore currents.
    Seawalls, Breakwaters, Rip-rap
  21. ( ) are built by placing large rocks along the foot of the cliffs.
    Rip Rap
  22. A Coastal Circulation cell includes ( ), ( ), and ( ).
    Input, Transport, Output
  23. A ( ) is a beach attached to land at one end.
    Spit
  24. If a beach attached to land at one side, it is called ( ).
    Tombolo
  25. ( ) are beaches that join an island to the mainland.
    strand plain
  26. A ( ) grows in the same direction as the dominant Longshore current in the area.
    Spit
  27. ( ) are sandy islands that form parallel to the coast.
    Barrier Bars
  28. Winter waves move sand ( ) the sea and summer waves move sand ( ) to land.
    into, onto
  29. Beaches are widest at the end of the ( ), and are narrowest at the end of the ( ).
    Summer, Winter
  30. Main input of sediments into a beach is from ( ), but in Southern California most sediment input is from ( ).
    Rivers, Cliff Erosion
  31. ( ), ( ), and ( ) are consideredoutputs of sediments in aCoastal Circulation Cell.
    Dunes, Spits, Submarine Canyons
  32. ( ) are the fastest chaging landforms on the Earth
    Coasts
  33. You are driving along a very winding coastalhighway. What type of coast is it?
    Primary
  34. Rocks that are making headlands are more ( ) to wave erosion than those beneath bays.
    Resistant
  35. Most Bay-heads have a ( ).
    Beach
  36. The coastal erosinal feature that forms before the retreat of a coastal cliff is ( ).
    Notch
  37. Sea Arches are natural ( ) that eroded through headlands.
    Tunnels
  38. All waves ( ) towards headlands and ( ) from bays.
    Converge, Diverge
  39. Rising of sea level will make a primary coast. True/False
    True
  40. All bay-heads have ( ).
    Beaches
  41. ( ) is the coastal area that never gets exposed to air.
    Offshore
  42. ( ) is the coastal area that never goes under water.
    Backshore

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