Art Exam

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  1. Describe the style of Romanesque architecture
    Supported by round-top arches, thick walls, barrel vaulting, ugly piers and supports hidden under thick walls, radiating chapels (housed relics), walls decorated with murals (byzantine look), abundance of exterior sculptures
  2. Describe the style of Romanesque architecture
    Support system of pointed arches, groin vaulting (internal skeleton), thin walls, stained-glass windows, flying buttresses (external skeleton), supports visible and part of aesthetic beauty
  3. First Gothic church?
    Saint Denis, Paris
  4. Giotto
    became a bridge between Early Christian Art and the Renaissance. He did Christian themes using a new, "humanistic" approach.
  5. Early Renaissance
    Humanism a new philosophy much like the Greek maxim "man is the measure of all things", showed the rebirth of the aesthetics from antiquity.
  6. Brunelleschi
    Italian architect given credit for inventing linear perspectives.
  7. Ghiberti
    won competition of baptistery doors, florence, introduced relief sculpture technique, "schitiatto"; foreground relief high, background relief gets more shallow.
  8. Donatello
    Sculpted the first nude since antiquity. The David, shows his return to greek influence: Contrapposto, idealized torso. Figure is relaxed and contemplative.
  9. Botticelli
    painted the first nude since antiquity. "Birth of Vesus" a scene from Greek Mythology- use of contrapposto and greek classicism. Influenced by Venus de Medici.
  10. Robert Campin
    • Flemish, 15 century. Development of oil paint allows long drying time and can be thinned or thickened while maintaining beautiful colors. Merode Altarpiece shows use of Christian symbolism though everyday objects:
    • golden pot- mary as most worthy vessel
    • extinguished candle- now christ is light of the world
    • lit candle- all-seeing eye and presence of God
  11. High Renaissance-Italy
    interest in all that is greek, perfect geometry
  12. Leonardo da Vinci
    • interested in many things-he was a scientist as well as an artist. style includes:
    • analytical composition
    • sfumato shading-soft shading light to dark
    • triangular composition
    • atmospheric composition
    • last supper
  13. Last Supper
    • Milan Monastary: Experiment with paint compounds by da vinci was a failure which led to rapid deterioration
    • lines of perspective lead eye to christ disciples arranged in threes
  14. Mona Lisa
    • captures psychology of sitter-inned workings of her mind-connection with viewer
    • segments of figure relate to lines of landscape in background use of sfumato
  15. Michelangelo
    • italian renaissance, primarily a sculpture, remarkable relationship between art and science
    • "Pieta" accurate anatomy-limp body of christ-oversized madonna
    • "sistine chapel ceiling":chronicles the creation and fall of man from the book of genesis
    • huge figures in complicated foreshortened views of human figures-central panel
    • "creation of adam": style shows that for Michelangelo the form was most important element
  16. Raphael
    Combines the sfumato shading of da vinci and the monumental figures of michelangelo. to this he adds the use of vivid, rich color to create a style of his own. Raphael pays homage to Michelangelo and da vinci in his painting the school of athens he uses portraits of both artists to play the parts of greek philosophers
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Art Exam

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