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What are the 6 major principles of the IDEA
- Z- zero rejection
- P-parent student participation
- L-least restrictive environment
- A-appropriate education
- N-non-discriminatory education
- D -due process
What is the cycle of creating an IEP?
- A- annual review
What are the 5 stages of coping with catastrophic news?
- A -acceptance
What are the characteristics of cognitive functioning?
- L-learning rate
- M- memory
What are the ways of understanding cultural differences?
- Verbal communication- (hearing/speaking): grammar, semantics. phonology, discussion
- non-verbal communication- (seeing): (50-90% of communication) proxemics, signs and symbols
- orientation mode- (perceive)- attention, perception of time
- social values- (react): ideal behaviors (how one should behave; perspectives of truth, beauty, loyalty)
What is the difference between a language difference and a language disorder?
- language differences are dialects, and pronunciation differences.
- language disorders are evident across all areas of language: phonology, semantics (meaning), syntax (structure), pragmatics (use) [PSPS]
Explain code switching.
the switching of dialects depending on the situation/ context.
What are some of the RED FLAGS of development in an INFANT?
little interest in environment, weak sucking response, not alert, poor head control, difficult to comfort, no (or late) babbling
What are some of the RED FLAGS of development in a TODDLER/PRESCHOOL/SCHOOL AGE child?
delays in all developmental spheres (cognitive, social, and physical) such as delays in gross/ fine motor delays, language
What are the components of a multimodal treatment?
- Mi- medication
- B-Behavior therapy
- E- Educational services
- L- Leisure
What are the requirements for diagnosis on an intellectual disability?
- 1) IQ below 70-75
- 2) significant limitations in adaptive skill areas
- 3) and the disability originated before the age of 18
What are some of the PRENATAL causes of an intellectual disability?
- -down syndrome
- -fetal alcohol syndrome
- -hydrocephalus (fluid on the brain)
- [genetics of foreign substances]
What are some of the POST-NATAL causes of an intellectual disability?
- -head injury
- [anything that happens outside of womb]
What are the 3 categories of adaptation of intellectual disabilities?
- Conceptual skills
- -receptive and expressive
- - language
- -reading and writing
- -money concepts
- Practical skills
- -preparing meals
- -taking medication
- -using the telephone
- -managing money
- -using transportation
- -occupational skills
- Social skills
- -follow rules
- -obey laws
- -avoids victimization
What is applied behavior analysis?
social- praise, physical proximity, leaving alone at childs request
manipulative-bikes, magazines, computers, games. crayons
activity- puzzles, trip, playing outside, visiting friends
What is planned ignoring?
the withholding of positive reinforcement during a challenging behavior (the behavior will likely intensify before decreasing)
DOING NOTHING IS HARD!
What is negative reinforcement?