Psy 334 FINAL

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Psy 334 FINAL
2011-05-09 00:18:48

Study guide for PSY 334 FINAL
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  1. What are the 6 major principles of the IDEA
    • Z- zero rejection
    • I-IDEA
    • P-parent student participation
    • L-least restrictive environment
    • A-appropriate education
    • N-non-discriminatory education
    • D -due process
  2. What is the cycle of creating an IEP?
    • P-prerefferal
    • R-referral
    • E-evaluation
    • E-elligilibility
    • D-develipment
    • I-implementation
    • A- annual review
  3. What are the 5 stages of coping with catastrophic news?
    • D-denail
    • A-anger
    • B-barganing
    • D-depression
    • A -acceptance
  4. What are the characteristics of cognitive functioning?
    • G-generalization
    • L-learning rate
    • A-attention
    • M- memory
  5. What are the ways of understanding cultural differences?
    • Verbal communication- (hearing/speaking): grammar, semantics. phonology, discussion
    • non-verbal communication- (seeing): (50-90% of communication) proxemics, signs and symbols
    • orientation mode- (perceive)- attention, perception of time
    • social values- (react): ideal behaviors (how one should behave; perspectives of truth, beauty, loyalty)
  6. What is the difference between a language difference and a language disorder?
    • language differences are dialects, and pronunciation differences.
    • language disorders are evident across all areas of language: phonology, semantics (meaning), syntax (structure), pragmatics (use) [PSPS]
  7. Explain code switching.
    the switching of dialects depending on the situation/ context.
  8. What are some of the RED FLAGS of development in an INFANT?
    little interest in environment, weak sucking response, not alert, poor head control, difficult to comfort, no (or late) babbling
  9. What are some of the RED FLAGS of development in a TODDLER/PRESCHOOL/SCHOOL AGE child?
    delays in all developmental spheres (cognitive, social, and physical) such as delays in gross/ fine motor delays, language
  10. What are the components of a multimodal treatment?
    • Mi- medication
    • B-Behavior therapy
    • E- Educational services
    • L- Leisure
  11. What are the requirements for diagnosis on an intellectual disability?
    • 1) IQ below 70-75
    • 2) significant limitations in adaptive skill areas
    • 3) and the disability originated before the age of 18
  12. What are some of the PRENATAL causes of an intellectual disability?
    • -down syndrome
    • -fetal alcohol syndrome
    • -infections
    • -hydrocephalus (fluid on the brain)
    • [genetics of foreign substances]
  13. What are some of the POST-NATAL causes of an intellectual disability?
    • -asphyxia
    • -head injury
    • -stroke
    • -infection
    • [anything that happens outside of womb]
  14. What are the 3 categories of adaptation of intellectual disabilities?
    • Conceptual skills
    • -receptive and expressive
    • - language
    • -reading and writing
    • -money concepts
    • -self-directions
    • Practical skills
    • -eating
    • -dressing
    • -mobility
    • -toileting
    • -preparing meals
    • -taking medication
    • -using the telephone
    • -managing money
    • -using transportation
    • -housekeeping
    • -safety
    • -occupational skills
    • Social skills
    • -interpersonal
    • -responsibility
    • -self-esteem
    • -gullibility
    • -naive
    • -follow rules
    • -obey laws
    • -avoids victimization
  15. What is applied behavior analysis?
    positive reinforcement

    social- praise, physical proximity, leaving alone at childs request

    manipulative-bikes, magazines, computers, games. crayons

    activity- puzzles, trip, playing outside, visiting friends
  16. What is planned ignoring?
    the withholding of positive reinforcement during a challenging behavior (the behavior will likely intensify before decreasing)

  17. What is negative reinforcement?

    • Alarm clock
    • seatbelt