Intro to World Music

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Anonymous
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84690
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Intro to World Music
Updated:
2011-05-09 20:46:49
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world music
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flashcards for music ranging from southeast asia, oceania, caribbean, sub-saharan africa and such.
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  1. What is an aerophone?
    An instrument that requires AIR to produce sound
  2. What is a chordophone?
    A chordophone refers to four types of stringed instruments: lutes, zithers, harps and lyres.
  3. What is an idiophone?
    An instrument that themselves vibrate to produce sound such as rattles or bells
  4. What is a membranophone?
    An instrument that use a vibrating stretched membrane such as a drum.
  5. What is timbre?
    the tone quality or color of a musical sound such as "warm" or "heavy"
  6. What is medium?
    The source of the sound (instrumental or vocal)
  7. What is fret?
    bar or ridge found on the fingerboard of chordophones that enables performers to produce different melodic pitches with consistent frequency levels
  8. What is phonic structure?
    The relationship between different sounds in a given piece
  9. What is monophony?
    Music wit a single melodic line
  10. What is polyphony?
    juxtaposition or overlapping of multiple lines of music
  11. What is homophony?
    A subgroup of polyphony that has multiple lines of music expressing the same musical idea
  12. What is independent homophony?
    A subgroup of polyphony that has multiple lines of music expressing independent musical ideas as a cohesive whole
  13. What is heterophony?
    A subgroup of polyphony that has multiple performers playing simultaneous variations of the same line of music
  14. What is dynamics?
    The volume of a musical sound
  15. What is form?
    The underlying structure of a musical performance
  16. What is pitch?
    The tone's specific frequency level that is measured in hertz
  17. What is a drone?
    A continuous sound
  18. What is text setting?
    Rhythmic relationship of words to melody and described as melismatic or syllabic
  19. What is melismatic text setting?
    More than one pitch is sung per syllable
  20. What is syllabic text setting?
    One pitch is sung per syllable
  21. What is rhythm?
    The lengths or durations of sounds as patterns in time
  22. What is rhythmic density?
    The quantity of notes between periodic accents of over a specific unit of time
  23. What is meter?
    The division of music beats into regular groupings
  24. What is a piphat?
    A type of classical ensemble from Thailand characterized by the use of melodic and rhythmic percussion and a double reed aerophone
  25. What is a metallophone?
    An idiophone consisting of several metal bars graduated in length to produce different pitches
  26. What is a Khru?
    A Thai teacher; the term is linguistically associated with the word 'guru' found in Hinduism
  27. What is a Wai khru ceremony?
    A teacher honoring ceremony from Thailand
  28. What is a Ramayana?
    An Indian mythological epic about the Hindu god Rama found throughout South and Southeast Asia
  29. What is Isan?
    A term referring to Northeast Thailand and its regional culture, including music
  30. What is Lam Klawn?
    Vocal repartee with khaen accompanient from Northeast Thailand
  31. What is Lam Sing?
    a popular music form from the Northeast Thailand
  32. What is Luk Thung?
    the most popular form of a style of music found in Thailand
  33. What is khon?
    A classical masked drama based on the Thai version of Ramayana
  34. What is Morlam/Mawlam?
    A professional lam klawn singer from Northeast Thailand
  35. What is Ching?
    a pair of cup-shaped cymbals from Thailand
  36. What is Pi?
    A double reed aerophone found in the piphat classical ensemble of Thailand
  37. What is ranat thum?
    the supporting xylophone of classical ensembles from thailand
  38. What is ranat ek?
    the lead xylophone of classical ensembles from thailand
  39. What is Khawng wong yai?
    the higher and lower ranged gong circles found in classical ensembles from thailand
  40. What is phin?
    a fretted plucked lute from Northeast Thailand
  41. What is Khaen?
    a bamboo mouth organ from Northeast Thailand
  42. What is muy thai?
    a combat sport from Thailand that uses stand-up striking along with various clinching techniques
  43. What is 'mae jom kalom'?
    Translated as 'slippery women'
  44. What is Nhac tai tu?
    a genre of chamber music in the traditional music of southern Vietnam, literally "music of amateurs".
  45. What is song lang?
    a clapper idiophone from Vietnam
  46. What is dan tranh?
    a plucked zither from Vietnam (chordophone)
  47. Who is dao bandon?
    a singer from Thailand
  48. What is gamelan?
    an ensemble from Indonesia comprised primarily of metallophones
  49. What is cipher notation?
    the "sheet music" consists primarily of the numbers, letters or native characters representing notes in order.
  50. What is colotomic structure?
    the organizational system of gamelan music from indonesia
  51. What is slendro/pelog?
    Pelog is one of the two essential scales of gamelan music native to Balie and Java, in Indonesia. The other scale commonly used is called slendro.
  52. What is the gamelan gong kebyar?
    an ensemble type from Bali, indonesia comprised of metallophones and characterized by rhythmically dense performance technique
  53. What is kecak?
    a balinese theatrical performance of the Ramayana
  54. Who is Walter Spies?
    a russian born german primitivist painter. In 1923 he came to Java, living first in Yogyakarta and then in Ubud, Bali starting in 1927. He is often credited with attracting the attention of Western cultural figures to Balinese culture and art.
  55. Who is wayan limbak?
    an Indonesian dancer who worked with Walter Spies to create the Indonesian dance Kecak.
  56. What is wayang kulit?
    Wayang Kulit is a unique form of theatre employing light and shadow
  57. What is dalang?
    the puppeteer in an Indonesian wayang performance
  58. What is a gong ageng?
    the largest gong of an indonesian gamelan ensemble
  59. What is suling?
    an indonesian bamboo ring flute used in gamelan ensembles
  60. What is bonang?
    rack gong found in gamelan ensembles from indonesia
  61. What is kempli?
    The kempli is the time keeper marking the pulses in the pokok. It is a small horizontal gong mounted to absorb some vibration; it is about the size of those used in a bonang barung from Java.
  62. What is kendang?
    Gamelan Bali use two pair of drums (kendhang); the lower pitched female pair of drums is termed wadon and the higher pitched male pair of drums is termed lanang
  63. What is Micronesia?
    A collection of islands in the pacific ocean (meaning tiny islands)
  64. What is polynesia?
    a collection of islands in the pacific ocean (meaning many islands)
  65. What is Melanesia?
    collections of islands in the pacific ocean (meaning black islands)
  66. What is tok pisin?
    a creole spoken throughout Papua New Guinea. It is an official language of Papua New Guinea and the most widely used language in that country.
  67. What is garamut?
    a slit drum from papua new guinea
  68. What is kundu?
    an hourglass shaped drum from papua new guinea
  69. What is susap?
    a mouth harp from papua new guinea
  70. What is a lamellophone?
    a type of idiophone that uses vibrating 'lamellae' or strips of material usually metal to produce sound
  71. What is a kilu?
    a small drum from hawaii usually made from a coconut shell with a fish skin face
  72. What is hula pahu?
    hawaiian dance songs using drum accompaniment
  73. What is pahu?
    a single headed cylindrical membranophone from hawaii that stands vertically on a carved footed base
  74. What is mele?
    poetic texts used in hawaiian drum dance chant
  75. What is portamento?
    a smooth uninterrupted glide from one pitch to another
  76. What is vibrato?
    a regular pulsating change of pitch
  77. What is holo mai pele?
    the epic saga of the rivalry between Pelehonuamea, goddess of the volcano, and her youngest and favorite sister Hi'iaka.
  78. What is pele?
    the goddess of fire, lightning, dance and volcanoes
  79. What is hi'iaka?
    daughter of Haumea and Kāne
  80. What is lohi'au?
    Chief of Kaua'i
  81. What are the antilles?
    islands form the greater part of the West Indies in the Caribbean
  82. What is mummer?
    a type of street theater actor usually in performances staged during the christmas season
  83. What is vodou?
    an animistic belief system found primarily in Haiti
  84. What is rara?
    a form of festival music used for street processions, typically during Easter Week
  85. What is loa?
    the spirits of the voodoo religion practiced in Louisiana, Haiti, Benin, and other parts of the world
  86. What is shango?
    an animistic belief system found primarily in Trinidad
  87. Who is ogun?
    God of iron
  88. Who is legba?
    the great elocution, the voice of God, as it were. Legba facilitates communication, speech and understanding
  89. What is syncretism?
    the attempt to reconcile contrary beliefs, often while melding practices of various schools of thought
  90. What is calypso?
    a popular music form from trinidad characterized by having a leader who 'calls' and a group that 'responds'
  91. What is conga?
    a tall barrel-shaped single-headed drum used often in Latin American music
  92. What is a carnival?
    a pre-Lent festival celebrated primarily in Europe and the Caribbean
  93. What is a pan?
    a musical instrument from Trinidad made out of a steel oil drum
  94. What is a tamboo bamboo?
    a type of ensemble developed after drums were banned in Trinidad, which used cane and bamboo tubes that were beaten with sticks and stamped on the ground
  95. What are maracas?
    a pair of small caribbean gourd rattles with interior beads
  96. What is santeria?
    a belief system combining animism and syncretized Roman catholicism found primarily in Cuba and the US
  97. What is orus?
    a rhythmic pattern associated with an orisha in the Santeria religious tradition
  98. What is reggae?
    a popular music form from jamaica characterized by a rhythmic emphasis on the offbeat and by politically and socially conscious lyrics
  99. What is dub/dancehall?
    recorded music that emphasizes the bass and rhythm tracks so that a DJ can talk over the music through a microphone
  100. Who is Yellowman? (Zunga Zeng)
    a jamaican reggae and dancehall DJ
  101. Who is Bob Marley?
    jamaican singer, songwriter and musician
  102. Who is Joe Higgs?
    reggae musician from Jamaica
  103. Who is Jimmy Cliff?
    Jamaican ska and reggae singer, musician, and actor
  104. Who are the Abyssinians?
    a Jamaican reggae roots group, famous for their close harmonies and promotion of the Rastafari movement in their lyrics
  105. Who is Haile Selassie?
    emperor of Ethiopia
  106. What is rastafarianism?
    a religious cult centered in jamaica which purports that the second coming of jesus christ has already occurred in the form of Halie Selassie
  107. What is jah?
    term used for 'lord'
  108. What are claves?
    a pair of hand held wooden bars used as percussion instruments in many african and latin american music traditions
  109. What is the guaracha?
    a latin american ballroom dance as well as a song type emphasizing call and response vocal organization
  110. Who is Celia Cruz?
    a Havana, Cuba born salsa singer
  111. What is polyrhythm?
    a term meaning 'multiple rhythms' and the organizational basis for most sub-saharan african music traditions
  112. What is a maraca/shekere?
    a gourd rattle from Ghana with an external beaded netting
  113. What is a Dondo?
    an hourglass shaped pressure drum from Ghana
  114. What is palm wine guitar?
    a popular music style from Sub-saharan Africa
  115. What is a highlife?
    a generic term describing urban popular music traditions found throughout sub-saharan africa
  116. What is akan drumming?
    a drum that was made in West Africa
  117. What are pygmies?
    a generic term that applies to a diverse population of forest dwellers in central africa
  118. Who are the Forest People of Central Africa?
    the Aka (Central African Republic and northern Congo), the Baka (southern Cameroon), and the Twa (central Zaire river basin)
  119. What is balafon?
    a xylophone from west africa often played by oral historians
  120. What is mbalax?
    national popular dance music of Senegal and The Gambia
  121. What is jali/griot?
    term for a mandinka poet/praise singer and oral historian from Senegal-Gambia
  122. What is oral tradition?
    cultural material and traditions transmitted orally from one generation to another
  123. What is birimintingo?
    the instrumental solo sections of a jali performance from west africa
  124. What is kumbengo?
    the sung sections of a jali performance from west africa
  125. Who is Yossou N'Dour?
    a Senegalese singer, percussionist and occasional actor
  126. What is emic?
    a term borrowed from linguistics used by anthropologists and ethnomusicologists to describe the perspective of a cultural insider
  127. What is etic?
    a term borrowed from linguistics used by anthropologists and ethnomusicologists to describe the perspective of a cultural outsider
  128. What is a santur?
    a hammered zither from the persian classical tradition
  129. What is a baglama?
    a round bodied lute from turkey
  130. What is a zurna?
    a double-reed aerophone from turkey and greece
  131. Who is Ki Mantle Hood?
    An American ethnomusicologist that specialized in gamelan music in indonesia
  132. What is bimusicality?
    Mantle Hood explained ethnomusicology as being the "study of music wherever and whenever." While his teacher Jaap Kunst wrote the two volumes of Music in Java without actually playing any of the music, Hood required that his students learn to play the music they were studying. While Hood was not the first ethnomusicologist to attempt learning to perform the music being studied, he gave the approach a name in his 1960 article on bi-musicality. It has been an important ethnomusicological research tool ever since. The approach enables the researcher to, in some manner, learn about music "from the inside", and thereby experience its technical, conceptual and aesthetic challenges. The student is also able to better connect socially with the community being studied and have better access to the community's rituals and performances.
  133. Who is Alan Merriam?
    an ethnomusicologist during the last half of the twentieth century.
  134. What is armchair ethnomusicology?
    The early comparative musicologists, however, had little fieldwork experience and often based their research on recordings made by others—a style of work that became known as armchair ethnomusicology.
  135. What is indigenization?
    to force local cultures to adopt another
  136. What is classical?
    music from the 11th century
  137. What is folk music?
    traditional music (music transmitted from the mouth)
  138. What is popular music?
    Popular music belongs to any of a number of musical genres "having wide appeal" and is typically distributed to large audiences through the music industry
  139. The Erik von Hornbostel and Kurt Sachs system
    made a system for classifying musical instrumentds based on what vibrates to make musical sound
  140. What is organology?
    study of musical instruments
  141. What is tuning system?
    pitches common to a musical tradition
  142. What is ornamentation?
    embellishment/decoration of a melody
  143. What is melodic contour?
    general direction and shape of a melody
  144. What is a beat?
    a regular pulsation
  145. what is an accent?
    an emphasized beat
  146. What is tempo?
    relative rate of speed of a beat

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