cardiovasular system.txt

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dbkqn
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84732
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cardiovasular system.txt
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2011-05-09 09:29:35
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CHAPTER NINE
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CHAPTER 9, CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM
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  1. anastom
    opening
  2. -osis
    condition
  3. anastomosis
    surgical connection between blood vessels or the joining of one hollow or tubular organ to another
  4. anuerusm
    sac formed by a local widening of the wall of an artery usually xaused by injury or disease
  5. angin (a)
    to choke
  6. pector
    chest
  7. -is
    pertaining to
  8. angina pectoris
    chest pain that occurs when diseased blood vessels restrict blood flow to the heart. it is often referred to as angina
  9. angi/o
    vessel
  10. cardi/o
    heart
  11. -graphy
    recording
  12. angiocardiography
    process of recording the heart and vessels after an intravenous injection of a radiopaque contrast medium
  13. angi/o
    vessel
  14. -gram
    record
  15. angiogram
    tumor of a blood vessel
  16. angi/o
    vessel
  17. -plasty
    surgical
  18. angioplasty
    surgical repair of a blood vessel(s) or a nonsurgical technique for treating diseased arteries by temporarily inflating a tiny balloon inside an artery
  19. angi/o
    vessel
  20. sten
    narrowing
  21. -osis
    condition
  22. angiostenosis
    condition of the narrowing of a blood vessel
  23. a-
    lack of
  24. rrhythm
    rhythm
  25. -ia
    condition
  26. arrhythmia
    condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the hearbeat; also called dysrhythmia
  27. arter/o
    artery
  28. -al
    pertaining to
  29. arterial
    pertaining to the artery
  30. arteri/o
    arteru
  31. scler
    hardening
  32. -osis
    condition
  33. arteriosclerosis
    condition of hardening of arteries
  34. arter
    artery
  35. -itis
    inflammation
  36. arteritis
    inflammation of an artery
  37. artificial pacemaker
    electronic device that stimulates impulse initiation within the heart. it is a small battery-opertated device that helps the hear beat in a regular rhythm. some are permanent (internal) and some are temporary (extermal). they can replace a defective natural pacemaker or blocked pathway.
  38. ather
    fatty, substance, porridge
  39. -oma
    tumor
  40. atheroma
    tumor of an artery containing a fatty substance
  41. ather/o
    fatty substance, porridge
  42. scler
    hardening
  43. -osis
    condition
  44. atherosclerosis
    condition of the arteries characterized by the buildup of fatty substances (cholesterol deposits and triglycerides) and hardening of the walls.
  45. atri/o
    atrium
  46. ventricul
    ventricle
  47. -ar
    pertaining to
  48. atrioventricular (AV)
    pertaining to the atrium and the ventricle
  49. auscultat
    listen to
  50. -ion
    process
  51. automated external defibrillator (AED)
    portable automatic device used to restore normal hear rhythm to patients in cardiac arrest. and AED is applied outside the body. it automatically analyzes the patient's heart rhythm and advises the rescuer whether or not a shock is needed to restore a normal hear beat. if the patient's heard resumes beating normally, the heart has been defibrullated.
  52. bi
    two
  53. -cuspid
    point
  54. bicuspid
    habing two points or cusps; pertaining to the mitral valve
  55. brady-
    slow
  56. card
    heart
  57. -ia
    condition
  58. bradycardia
    condition of abnormally slow hearbeat that is less that 60 beats per minute
  59. bruit
    noise; a soiund of venous or srterial origin heard on auscultation
  60. card/i
    heart
  61. -ac
    pertaining to
  62. cardiac arrest
    loss of effective hear function, which results in cessation of functional circulation. sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) results in sudden death due to cardiac causes rather than to to trauma
  63. cardi/o
    heart
  64. log
    study of
  65. -ist
    one who specializes
  66. cardiologist
    physician who specializes in the study of the heart
  67. cardi/o
    heart
  68. -logy
    study of
  69. cardiology
    study of the heart
  70. cardi/o
    herart
  71. -megaly
    enlargement, large
  72. cardiomegaly
    enlargement of the heart
  73. cardi/o
    meter
  74. -meter
    instrument to measure
  75. cardiometer
    instrument used to measure the action of the heart
  76. cardi/o
    heart
  77. my/o
    muscle
  78. -pathy
    disease
  79. cardiomuopathy (CMP)
    disease of the heart muscle that leads to genetalized deteriorationof the muschle and its pumping ability. ot can be caused by a biral infection, a parasitic infectipon, or overconsumption of alcohol.
  80. cardi/o
    heart
  81. bascyl
    small bessel
  82. -ar
    pertaining to
  83. cardiovascular (CV)
    pertaining to the heart and smalll blood vessels
  84. cardi/o
    heart
  85. vers
    turning
  86. -ion
    process
  87. cardioversion
    procedure used to treat different types of disruptions in the normal heart rhythm to a normal pattern.
  88. chol/e
    bile
  89. sterol
    solid (fat)
  90. cholesterol
    wax, fatlike substance in the bloodstream of all animals. it is believed to be dangerous when it builds up on arterial walls and contribu\res to the risk of coronary heart disease.
  91. circulat
    circulat
  92. -ion
    process
  93. circulation
    process of movving the blood in the veins and arteries throughtour the body
  94. claudicat
    to limp
  95. -ion
    process
  96. claudication
    process of lameness or limping. it is a dull, cramping pain in the hips, thights, calves, or buttocks caised bu an inadequate supplu of oxugen to the muscles, usually die to narrowed ateries. it is one of the major sumptoms in peripheral artery disease (PAD)/
  97. con-
    togerher, with
  98. strict
    to draw, to bind
  99. -ion
    process
  100. construction
    process of drasing together, as in the narrowing of a vessel
  101. coronary bypass
    surgical procedure performed to increase blood flow to the myocardium by using a section of a saphenous bein or internal mammary artery to bypass the obstricted or occluded coronary artery
  102. coronary heart disease (CHD)
    also referred to as coronary artery disease (CAD), refers to the narrowing to the ciribart arteries sufficient to prevent adequate blood supply to myocardium.
  103. cyan
    dark blue
  104. -osis
    condition
  105. cyanosis
    abnormal condition of the skin and mucous membranes caused by oxygen deficiency in the blood. the skin, figernails, and mucous membranes can appear slightly bluish or grayish.
  106. defibrillator
    machine that helps restore a normal hear rhythm by delivering an electric shock; aslo called a cardioverter.
  107. diastole
    relaxation phase of the heart cycle during which the heart muscle relaxes and the heart chambers fill with blood
  108. dys-
    difficult, abnormal
  109. rhythm
    rhythm
  110. ia
    condition
  111. dysrhythmia
    abnormal, difficult, or bad rhythm. dysrhythmia is also referred to as an arrhthmia.
  112. ech/o
    reflected sound
  113. cardi/o
    heart
  114. -graphy
    recording
  115. echocardiography
    noninvasive ultrasound method for evaluating the heat for vavular or structural defects and coronary artery disease
  116. electr/o
    electricity
  117. cardi/o
    heart
  118. -graph
    instrument for recording
  119. embol
    a throughing in
  120. -ism
    condition
  121. embolism
    condition in which there is an obstruction of a blood vessel by foreign substances or a blood clot
  122. end-
    within
  123. arter
    artery
  124. -ectomy
    surgical excision
  125. endarterectomy
    surgical excision of the inner portion of an artery
  126. endo-
    within
  127. card/i
    heart
  128. -um
    tissue
  129. endocardim
    innerlining of the heart
  130. extra-
    outside
  131. corpor/e
    body
  132. -al
  133. circulat
  134. -ion
    process
  135. extracprpreal circulation (ECC)
    pertaining to the circulation of the blood outside the body via a heart lung machine or hemodialyzer
  136. fibrillat
    fibrils (small fibers0
  137. -ion
    process
  138. fibrillation
    quivering or spontaneous contraction of indiv idual muscle fibers, an ab normal bioelectric potential occurring in neuropathies and myopathies
  139. flutter
    condition of the heartbeat in which the contraction become exremely rapid. with atrial flutter, the hearbeat is 200 to 400 beats perminure. with vetricular flutter, the heartbeat is 250 beats or more per minute.
  140. heart failure (HF)
    disorder in which the heart loses its ability to pump blood efficiently. left sided heart failure (CHF)
  141. heart-lung transplant
    surgical process of transferring the heart and lungs from a donor to a patient
  142. hem
    blood
  143. ang/i
    vessel
  144. -oma
    tumor
  145. hemangioma
    genign tumor of a blood vessel
  146. dem/o blood
  147. dynam
    power
  148. -ic
    pertaining to
  149. hemodynamic
    pertaining to the study of the heart's ability to function as a pump; the movement of the blood and its pressure
  150. hyper-
    excessive
  151. lipid
    fat
  152. -emia
    blood
  153. hyper-
    excessive, above
  154. tens
    pressure
  155. -ion
    process
  156. hypotension
    low blood pressure
  157. infarct
    infarct (necrosis of an area)
  158. -ion
    process
  159. infarction
    process of development of an infarct, which is necrosis of tissue resulting from obsructiion of blood flow
  160. isch
    to hold back
  161. -emia
    blood condition
  162. lipoprotein
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