Ch 12, 13, & 14 Vocabulary.txt

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Ch 12, 13, & 14 Vocabulary.txt
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2011-05-09 11:36:59
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Vocabulary
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  1. Family
    Two or more individuals who provide physical, emotional, economic, or spiritual support while maintaining involvement in each other�s lives.
  2. Family types:
    • Adults married without children
    • Dual-earner families
    • Single-parent families
    • Blended and Step-families
    • Extended families
    • Other family structures
  3. Family nursing
    Holistically directed at the entire family as well as individual members.
  4. Mid-life crisis
    A period of intense questioning about the meaning and direction in life.
  5. Challenges to Family Health:
    • Poverty and Unemployment
    • Infectious disease
    • Chronic illness or disability
    • Homelessness
    • Violence and Neglect within Families
  6. Genomics
    The study of human genes and their function, including the interaction among other genes and the environment.
  7. Culture
    What people in a group have in common, but it changes over time. The totality of socially transmitted behavior patterns, arts, beliefs, values, customs, lifeways, and all other products of human work and thought characteristics of a population of people that guides their worldview and decision making.
  8. Characteristics of Culture:
    • Learned
    • Taught
    • Shared by its members
    • Dynamic and adaptive
    • Complex
    • Diverse
    • Exists at many levels
    • Common beliefs and practices
    • All-encompassing
    • Provides identity
  9. Socialization
    • The process of learning to become a member of a society or group.
    • Immigrants
    • New members of a group or country.
  10. Acculturation
    Assuming the characteristics of the culture through a learning process.
  11. Cultural assimilation
    Occurs when new members gradually learn and take on the essential values, beliefs, and behaviors of the dominant culture.
  12. Ethnocentrism
    The tendency to think that your own group is superior to others and to view behaviors and beliefs that differ greatly from your own as somehow wrong, strange, or unenlightened.
  13. Dominant culture
    The group that has the most authority or power to control values and reward or punish behaviors.
  14. Subcultures
    Groups within a larger culture or social system that have some characteristics that are different from those of the dominant culture.
  15. Minority groups
    Made up of individuals who share race religion, or ethnic heritage; however, a minority group has fewer members than the majority group.
  16. Vulnerable populations
    Groups who are more likely to develop health problems and experience poorer outcomes because of limited access to care, high-risk behaviors, and/or multiple cumulative stressors.
  17. Ethnicity
    A group whose members share a common social and cultural heritage that is passed down generation to generation.
  18. Race
    A group of people based on biological similarities, such as skin color, blood type or bone structure.
  19. Religion
    An order system of beliefs regarding the cause nature or purpose of the universe, especially beliefs related to the worship of a God or gods.
  20. Communication
    Verbal and non-verbal language.
  21. Space
    A person�s personal space or how a person relates toward the space around him.
  22. Territoriality
    • The behavior and attitude that people exhibit about the area around them they have claimed.
    • Folk medicine
    • The beliefs and practices that the members of a cultural group follow when they are ill, as opposed to more conventional standards.
  23. Complementary medicine
    The use of rigorously tested therapies to complement those of conventional medicine.
  24. Alternative medicine
    Therapies used instead of conventional medicine, and whose reliability has not been tested.
  25. Ayurveda
    Traditional healthcare system of India
  26. Bias
    One-sidedness: a tendency to �lean� a certain way, a lack of impartiality.
  27. Prejudice
    The negative attitudes toward other people based on faulty and rigid stereotypes about race, gender, sexual orientation, etc.
  28. Discrimination
    The behavioral manifestations of that prejudice.
  29. Racism
    A form of prejudice and discrimination based on the belief that race is the principal determining factor of human traits and capabilities and that racial differences produce an inherent superiority (or inferiority).
  30. Sexism
    The assumption that members of one sex are superior to those of the other sex.
  31. Negotiation
    The gap between the nurse�s and the client�s perspectives.
  32. Interpreter
    Provides the meaning behind the words.
  33. Translator
    Restates the words from one language to another.
  34. Theology
    Discussions and theories related to God and God�s relation to the world.
  35. Eschatology
    Doctrines about the human soul and its relation to death, judgment, and eternal life.
  36. Faith
    • Our ongoing effort to make sense of our lives and purpose for being.
    • Hope
    • Our basic human needs to achieve, create, and to shape something of our life that will endure.
  37. Love
    Opens us up to joy and can give life, meaning, and purpose; it can also carries with it the certainty of heartbreak.
  38. Miracle
    Anything that allows for the presence of the transcendent.

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