Beef Cattle Breeds

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Author:
enger91
ID:
84800
Filename:
Beef Cattle Breeds
Updated:
2011-05-09 16:22:07
Tags:
beef cattle breeds
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Description:
University of MN Twin Cities, AnSC 1101
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  1. Angus
    • Origin: Scotland
    • Color: black, some red (recessive trait)
    • imported to Kansas in 1873
    • most registered breed
    • found in every state
    • polled (naturally have no horns)
    • known for high marbling
    • maternal breed of moderate size
  2. Hereford
    • Origin: England (polled in Iowa 1901)
    • Color: white face with red hair
    • imported to New York in 1840
    • hardy and excellent forages
    • white pattern is dominant in cross breeding
  3. Shorthorn
    • Origin: Northern England
    • Color: red, white, roan
    • imported to Virginia 1783
    • docile
    • excellent milking
    • high yield grades (1=good)
  4. Devon
    • Origin: Devonshire (brought by the pilgrims)
    • Color: red
  5. Simmental
    • Origin: Switzerland
    • Color: white face with tan to dark red bodies
    • most popular breed in Europe
    • docile, very maternal
  6. Gelbvieh
    • Origin: Germany
    • imported to US in 1971
    • excellent growth and muscling
    • good milking, fertility, temperment
    • don't marble well
  7. Charolais
    • Origin: French
    • Color: white to blonde, pink skin
    • larger frame
    • high cutability
  8. Maine-Anjou
    • Origin: France
    • large frame
    • late maturing
    • calving problems due to large claves
    • high cutablility
  9. Chianina
    • Origin: Italy
    • Color: black or white, black skin
    • largest framed breed
    • lean
  10. Limousin
    • Origin: France
    • Color: light yellow color (lighter eyes and legs)
    • high cutablility
    • lean
  11. Salers
    • Origin: France
    • Color: both red and black
    • good breeders
    • disposition problems
  12. Blonde d'Aquintaine
    • Origin: France
    • Color: blonde
    • heavy muscling
    • high rate of gain
  13. Chiangus
    • Breeds: Chianina and Angus
    • Color: black
    • polled
    • lean and maternal
  14. Brangus
    • Breeds: Brahman and Angus
    • Color: solid black or red
    • polled
    • good moms and feed efficiency
  15. Brahman
    • Color: light to medium gray coat, black skin
    • developed for hot climates
    • poor meat quality
    • maternal
  16. Texas Longhorn
    • Origin: Columbus
    • lots of different colors
    • rodeo cattle
    • low birth weight
  17. Galloway
    • Color: black, red, dun (solid, white park, and belted)
    • long wavy hair/ thick undercoat
    • hardy
    • quiet temperament
    • good mom and meat quality

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