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In the first part of the poem the tone is very accusing and detrimental with the poet calling the sun a “busy old fool”. This shows the poet feels the sun is too intrusive and is annoyed at it for being so active. He wishes it could be lazy for once especially in its old age and arrive later rather than be on time. This conveys an angry tone and shows that the man is annoyed about being woken up.
in contrast the tone in the last part of the poem is completely different. A sense of tenderness and respect is shown towards the sun as the man realises the sun is helping him to see how beautiful his lover is. This is shown with the man telling the sun “shine here to us and though art everywhere”. This shows the man is happy with the sun for being there and wants him to stay forever. He respects the sun and has accepted its presence in his life. The fact the sun will be everywhere if it stays shows the contrast between the world of the lovers and the rest of the world. The two lovers feel as though their world is the most important and that every other person’s life is insignificant. “Everywhere” in the lovers’ eyes is their bedroom and therefore suggest they feel the only place in the world with any significance is the place in which they rest. On a higher note this analogy suggests the exclusive nature of love. It shows that when in love you feel like you are the only people that exist and everyone else is simply unimportant.
- The lover’s world is said to be independent of time and we can see this when the poet says:
- “Love, all alike, no season knows, nor clime, nor hours, days, months, which are the rags of time.”
- Here time is seen to be ignored and this shows when in love time is simply irrelevant. There is no need for time when love is the only thing which is important. The use of “rags” makes time seem old and dirty and this suggests the unimportance of the ordinary world in relation to the world of the lovers. The fact the normal physical world has been dismissed suggests the special nature of their love and the superiority it has over the normal world.
This feeling is shown again when the poets says “she is all states, and princes, I.” The repetition of “all” and the assertive confidence with which everything else in seen to be ‘nothing’ shows the dismissal of the ordinary world. The balance of the pronouns and the image of states and princes also suggest the interdependence of the couples love. Each lover cannot exist without another and they need each other in order to survive. Without both of them there is no point in life and their world cannot exist unless the two of them are united.
- . At the start of the poem the sun is humorously made to seem like a busy body intruding on the couple’s lives and unable to control its impulses. The vigour at which the sun is chided by Donne helps to effectively show the frailty of the sun and the power to which the poet seems to have over it. This is shown when the poet tells the sun to:
- “Go chide, late school boys, and sour prentices... [And] call country ants to harvest offices”.
- The use of “ants” and “prentices” makes these people seem very insignificant compared to the poet and his partner and signifies how the man feels he is too important for the sun
This feeling of power is continued into the second stanza where the poet this time talking about his lovers tells the sun “if her eyes have not blinded thine/ look” suggesting his lover’s eyes are more powerful than the sun’s rays. This exaggeration sets apart the lovers from the sun (traditionally symbolised as powerful and strong) and effectively shows how the lovers belong to a different world from the sun.
In the third stanza however, the man treats the sun differently. Instead of arguing he tries to reason with the sun, showing it compassion and friendship in a desperate attempt to persuade it to shine on him for eternity. We can tell this as he says to the sun “Thine age asks ease.” Here he shows sympathy for the sun telling it that it is too old to its job and should rest with him. This effectively shows how the man’s feeling towards the sun have changed for the better with the man now seeming sympathetic and concerned for the sun’s wellbeing. This is significant as it shows that love is the most important thing. Our own feelings towards others can change simply because they can help us in our quest for love.