Built Environment of Florence Final

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Built Environment of Florence Final
2011-05-09 20:32:59
Florence Italy Architecture Brunelleschi Italian Vasari San Lorenzo Michelozzo Built Environment de Medici LDM Marist Final

Florence Architecture Final
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  1. What makes up the complex of San Lorenzo?
    Church, Library, Old and New Sacristy, and Medici Chapel
  2. who worked on the basilica of san lorenzo?
    brunelleschi started it in 1436
  3. what does the vasari corridor connect?
    palazzo vecchio and pitti palace
  4. Why was the vasari corridor built?
    When Cosimo moved from the city hall to Palazzo Pitti, he had to commute almost a half a mile to his government offices. He had to traverse a narrow bridge and possibly meet enemies along the way. He commissioned Vasari to build him an above ground passageway. He used the wedding of his son Francesco as an excuse to build it.
  5. When was the vasari corridor built?
    in the 1500's
  6. what did leon battista alberti write
    de statua (statues), de pictura (paintings), de re edificatoria (arch)
  7. what period did alberti work in
  8. what facade did he work on and describe it
    santa maria novella in 1400s commisioned by rucellai family. gothic elements in lower level, height equals width so the entire facade can be inscribed in a square, renaissance elements for rucellai were coat of arms and personal logo of giovanni.
  9. who was the favourite architect of ducke cosimo the first and what did he commission him to build?
    1500 gorgio vasari, uffizzi and the hall of 500
  10. describe the hall of 500, who painted it, and who commissioned who to change it
    the alter is not as tall as it is today, originally michaelangelo and da vinci had frescos on the ceiling, but when cosimi 1 came to power, he had vasari raise the ceiling and white wash the fresco to get rid of them. instead he placed wooden panels on the top which could be changed to different pictures
  11. characteristics of baroque architecture
    enhanced use of light and dark, emphasis of emotions/ theatrical effect, roman pediments, richness in colour, white and gold, curved lines, giant orders, convex and concave walls, oval plans, painted stucco.
  12. when and where was baroque architecture created?
    in rome at the end of the 16th century and almost all of the 17th century
  13. who is michelozzo? what did michelozzo build/create?
    sculptor and architect. built Medici palace, convent st mark, refurbished 3 country villas for Medici family
  14. Who lived in the Palazzo Pitti?
    Luca Pitti, an ambitious Florentine banker, and then it was lated bought by the Medici Family and expanded.
  15. the architect of palazzo pitti
    accredited to brunelleschi
  16. compare 3 aspects of palazzo pitti
    rustic facade of rough stone 1400s, courtyard by ammannati in 1500s, baroque palatina gallery
  17. who founded florence?
    romans. it was set up by cardinal points (cardus and decumanus) with forum in the middle
  18. palazzo vecchio/ palazzo della signoria
    trecento - government palace, overlooks piazza signoria, romanesque, designed by arnolfio di cambio using an old tower of a ghibellin family. symbolic, funcional, challenging.
  19. what is the main room of the palazzo vecchio and describe it.
    hall of 500 built in 1494 by Simone del Pollaiolo decorated with frescoes by Leonardo and Michelangelo, Giorgio Vasari took between 1563 and 1565, transformed the hall into an enormous pictorial celebration of Cosimo de' Medici and erased the frescos, wooden panels ect
  20. describe corsini palace
    plans by Pierfrancesco Silvani, baroque. house for the corsini family sold to italian government, and today is a gallery and holds some offices of the national academy of science
  21. corsini palace vs pitti palace facade
    both contain gardens, both today house grand picture galleries, corsini - façade crowned by statues and has a terrace overlooking the river vs pitti plain old stone facade
  22. describe and compare 2 buildings of renaissance period
    • both use round arches and stone outside
    • rucellai - alberti, rustic, rough stones, pillasters to frame windows, loggia wasnt attached to it, tuscan ionic corinthian orders bottom to top facade.
    • medici - brunelleschi, private chapel the Cappella dei Magi
  23. what is a renaissance palace
    influenced by michelozzo's florentine palace for the medici family, in 1400 they became power bases of important dynasties, power and wealth, like bankers wanted huge houses, symmetrical position, courtyard in the middle
  24. the new sacristy of michaelangelo, describe and analyze his architectural language.
    1514-1534. architecture and sculpture are equal focal points in this work. architecture is the engery with elements like columns, cornices, bases, and tabernacles which are positioned to create a sense of dynamism and motion, that is enhanced by the gestures of the statues over the tombs. sculptures include madonna and child on the lorenzo the magnificent and his brothers tomb, allegories of day and night from the tomb of duke giuliano, and allegories of dusk and dawn on the tomb of lorenzo duke of nemours.
  25. Santa Croce, when it wascreated, name of architect, description.
    • built by arnolfo di cambio 1294-1385 for the san Franciscans - help poor
    • on marsh land, door open always, pharmacies there, school of leather, possibility of jobs there
    • michaelangelo was buried there
    • design egyption t cross
    • open timber roof: lighter than stone vault
    • huamnistic architecture, relation between main nave 33, lateral aisle 16.5, and transept is two times the main entire body of the chruch
    • braccio means arm
  26. Style of brunelleschi compare with michelozzo
    Michelozzo, who studied with Ghilberti and later worked with Donatello, made a name for himself as an able and concrete interpreter of Brunelleschi's difficult concepts in terms that were more acceptable to the local Florentine culture of the time. Brunelleschi's calculated linear designs are reduced to a synthetic simplicity: the surfaces of Brunelleschi's walls treated as unsubstantial screens once again acquire a sober and yet substantial solidity. In any case some of the most interesting aspects of Michelozzo's work derive from a genuine adhesion to some of Brunelleschi's specific types. The square module flanked on one of the sides by a smaller square with lateral service premises (Old Sacristy, Pazzi Chapel) is adopted by Michelozzo in the small church of Trebbio, in the chapels of the Noviziato in S. Croce and in Palazzo Medici in Via Larga (now Via Cavour), in the sacristy in S. Marco, in the convent church of S. Maria Maddalena in Val di Mugnone, and the use of the barrel vault over the connecting spaces in the internal sequences of complex structures reappears in S. Croce and in S. Marco. the use of round-arched colonade, although larger, in the open colonade court of the palazzo medici, is similar as well.