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What were Hitler's plans? (3)
- Abolish the treaty of versailles
- Expand German territory
- Defeat communism
Was rearmament supported in Germany?
Yes it was, especially by the German people. Britain also supported some rearmament as they believe the TOV constraints were too harsh. (exp of support is Anglo-Naval Agreement of Germany allowed to have a navy 35% of the size of the British).
What was the Saar plebicite about? And what was the outcome?
Saar was a region of Germany that LON had taken. Plebicite was held there whether or not the are wanted to return to German ruling or not. And it did. - Morale booster for Hitler.
When did Hitler decide to remilitarize the Rhineland area?
How did Hitler regain the rhineland? Which country was the threat to Hitler in this situation?
He used the excuse that the recent Mutual Assitance Pact signed by France and USSR to defend eachother from Germany, was a threat and that he needed defence in place. He knew Britian would let it pass but France was the issue. France and the LON were already caught up in the Abyssinian crisis at the same time, causing distraction. French leaders did not want to be responsible for starting a war if they attacked Germany. Germany successfully regained the Rhineland.
How was the Spainish Civil War beneficial to ____?
It gave hitler a chance to test his new weapons and send a message to others about his military power.
What was the Anti-Comintern Pact about? When was it signed?
1937, The agreement between Japan, Italy, and Germany against the spread of communism.
How did Hitler create an Anschluss with Austria?
As a lot of Austria was German, there was a strong Nazi party already there. Hitler used the Nazi party to create riots in the city and told the Austrian leader, Schuschnigg that the only way to stop the riots was to sign an Anschluss. LON called a plebicite. Germany used his soldiers to overview the voting (and pressure). Hitler won the plebicite.
What did Britain think of the Anchuluss?
He thought it was fair that they should be joined together, and that the TOV was wrong.
Why did Britain and France decide to follow appeasement? (7)
- Hitler is a buffer against communism
- USA would not support Britian and France if they decided to take on Hitler
- TOV was unfair
- Own economic problems were a higher priority
- Britian was not ready to enter war
- Still stricken from first war, did not want another
- Not all of Britains empire would support a war against Germany
What was wrong with appeasement? (4)
- It would encourage Hitler to be aggressive
- It put a lot of trust in Hitler's promises
- It scared the USSR - (threatened)
- It allowed Germany to grow too strong.
Compared to over invasions, what was different about the LON's countries reactions in the Sudetenland invasion?
This time, Czechoslovakia had the military support from France, Britain and the USSR to defend from Germany.
Would Czechoslovakia be an easy takeover for Hitler?
- No. Because:
- It had back up military support
- It had a modern military of its own
- It was not going to give up it's country without a fight.
When it comes to Chamberlain and Hitlers relationship, what was Chamberlain's biggest flaw?
He put too much trust into Hitler, and took his words for granted.
How did Hitler plan his take over for the Sudetenland?
At first, he stated he only wanted certain parts. Then he changed to all of Sudentenland 'becauses the Germans living there were being mistreated'.
What happened to the Sudetenland? How did the Czechs feel? -- What agreement was this.
Czechoslovakia lost the Sudetenland to Germany. The Czechs were not even informed. - neither were the USSR. The Munich Agreement, Sept 1938.
What was the Munich Agreement?
The agreement of giving the Sudetenland to Hitler.
What was the people's reaction to the Munich Agreement?
Everyone was overjoyed. A war had been averted, with proof on a 'piece of paper' waved about by Chamberlain.
What happened to the rest of Czechoslovakia?
Hitler invades and conquers in March 1939.
In early 1939, what decisions was Stalin torn between?
- Either signing an agreement with:
- Britain and France, of which had shown tremendous failures throughout the LON and could not be trusted.
- Germany, in order to gain half of the Polish corridor.
Why did Stalin choose to pact with Germany? (Nazi-Soviet Pact).
- Stalin was not convinced that France and Britain would be reliable
- He also wanted parts of Poland - of which had been lost under Tsarist ruling
- It would give him time to build his forces, to defend against Germany's inevitable attack.
When did Germany invade poland?
Was appeasement the right policy? Give both sides.
- Yes, because it gave Britain time to strengthen their forces.
- No, because it encouraged Hitler.
Did appeasement really benefit Britain?
No. As Germany rearmed their forces a lot faster and ended up with a lot more army equipment than Britain. Making them a bigger threat.