HR Study Guide CH15

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  1. rights
    Powers, privileges, or interests that belong by law, nature, or tradition.
  2. statutory rights
    Rights based on laws or statutes passed by federal, state, or local governments.
  3. responsibilities
    Obligations to perform certain tasks and duties.
  4. contractual rights
    Rights based on a specific contract between an employer and an employee.
  5. employment contract
    Formal agreement that outlines the details of employment.
  6. noncompete agreements
    Agreements that prohibit individuals who leave an organization from working with an employer in the same line of business for a specified period of time.
  7. employment-at-will (EAW)
    Common-law doctrine stating that employers have the right to hire, fire, demote, or promote whomever they choose, unless there is a law or contract to the contrary.
  8. wrongful discharge
    Termination of an individual's employment for reasons that are illegal or improper.
  9. Keys for Preparing a Defense against Wrongful Discharge
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    • Performance appraisal
    • Written Records
    • Written Warning
    • Grounds for Dismissal
    • Group Involvement
  10. constructive discharge
    Process of deliberately making conditions intolerable to get an employee to quit.
  11. just cause
    Reasonable justification for taking employment-related action.
  12. due process
    Requirement that the employer use a fair process to determine employee wrongdoing and that the employee have an opportunity to explain and defend his or her actions.
  13. distributive justice
    Perceived fairness in the distribution of outcomes.
  14. procedural justice
    Perceived fairness of the processes used to make decisions about employees.
  15. interactional justice
    Perceived fairness about how a person interacts with others.
  16. "open-door" policy
    A policy in which anyone with a complaint can talk with a manager, an HR representative, or an executive.
  17. arbitration
    Process that uses a neutral third party to make a decision.
  18. ombuds
    Individuals outside the normal chain of command who act as problem solvers for both management and employees.
  19. right to privacy
    An individual's freedom from unauthorized an unreasonable intrusion into personal affairs.
  20. whistle blowers
    Individuals who report real or perceived wrongs committed by their employers.
  21. policies
    General guideline that focus organizational actions.
  22. procedures
    Customary methods of handling activities.
  23. rules
    Specific guidelines that regulate and restrict the behavior of individuals.
  24. absenteeism
    Any failure by an employee to report for work as scheduled or to stay at work when scheduled.
  25. discipline
    Form of training that enforces organizational rules.
  26. discharge
    When an employee is removed from a job at an employer.
  27. Positive Discipline

    2.Written Documentation

    3.Final Warning (decision day-off)

  28. Progressive Discipline
    1.Verbal Caution

    2.Written Reprimand


  29. separation agreement
    Agreement in which a terminated employee agrees not to sue the employer in exchage for specified benefits.
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HR Study Guide CH15
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