Staphylococci

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Author:
johngabriel97
ID:
84994
Filename:
Staphylococci
Updated:
2011-05-10 11:40:34
Tags:
staph
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Description:
staph
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  1. different appearance of staphylococcus on gram stain
    in singly, pairs or clusters
  2. modified oxidase test result for micrococci
    positive
  3. modified oxidase test result for staphylococci
    negative
  4. bacitracin test result for micrococci
    sensitive
  5. bacitracin test result for staphylococci
    resistant
  6. lysosome test result for micrococci
    sensitive
  7. lysosome test result for staphylococci
    resistant
  8. lysostaphin test test result for staphylococci
    sensitive
  9. lysostaphin test for micrococci
    resistant
  10. an obligate anaerobe staphylococci
    S. saccharolyticus
  11. initial differentiation test for staphylococci
    coagulase test
  12. active enzyme in coagulase test
    staphylocoagulase
  13. virulence factor of staphylococcus that causes diarrhea and vomiting in humans
    enterotoxins
  14. these are superantigens having the ability to activate a strong overreactive immune system
    enterotoxins
  15. a superantigen stimulating T cell proliferation and the subsequent production of a large concentration of cytokines that are responsible for the symptoms
    toxic shock syndrome toxin-1
  16. other term for exfoliative toxin
    epidermolytic toxin
  17. it causes the epidermal layer of the skin to slough off and is known to cause staphylococcal scalded skin syndrome
    • exfoliative toxin
    • epidermolytic toxin
  18. other name dor scalded skin syndrome
    Ritter's disease
  19. a type of hemolysin that can damage platelets, macrophages, and can cause severe tissue damage
    alpha hemolysin
  20. acts on sphingomyelin in the plasma membrane of erythrocytes and is also called the "hot-cold" lysin
    • sphingomyelinase C
    • beta-hemolysin
  21. a test performed to identify group B streptococci
    Christle, Atkins, and Munch-Petersen (CAMP) test
  22. a hemolysin often only found associated with Panton-Valentin leukocidin (PVL)
    gamma hemolysin
  23. an enzyme present in the staphylococcus that hydrolyzes hyaluronic acid to permit the easy spread of bacteria during infection
    hyaluronidase
  24. able to bind in the Fc portion of IgG which blocks phagocytosis
    protein A

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