History - Beginnings of Cold War
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What was agreed upon at the Yalta conference? (7)
- Stalin agreed to fight against Japan one Germany had surrendered
- Germany would be divided into four zones, same with Berlin, they were American, British, French and Soviet.
- Punish war criminals responsible for genocide
- Liberated countries under German ruling would have own freedom
- Big three would all join the United Nations
- Eastern Europe seen as soviet sphere of influence
- The Polish border to be moved - to dismay of other members.
What did the Big Three really think of each other?
- Stalin - found Churchill and Roosevelt to be anti-communist, unreliable and untrustworthy.
- Churchill - found Stalin dangerous, feared communism. Thought Roosevelt was too pro russian.
- Roosevelt - giving Stalin on chance, but doesn't trust entirely. Finds Churchill trustable but a bit too harsh on communism
What had changed between the Yalta and Potsdam conference? Stalin & America (3)
- Stalin's army was now occupying most of eastern Europe. - as a 'defence precaution'
- America had a new president - Truman. Whom was much more anti-communist than Roosevelt and did not trust Stalin at all.
- America had tested their first atomic bomb.
What was decided at the Potsdam conference? (4)
- Zones of Germany
- New polish boundary
- Repatriation (Germans living in Poland, Hungary and Czech to return to Germany.
How did Stalin keep his control over countries in eastern Europe?
Stalin's secret police (cheka) imprizoned anyone who opposed communist rulling.
Who replaced Chamberlain as British leader?
What type of 'war' took over on the streets of USA and USSR?
A propaganda war
What was the difference in beliefs between Truman and Stalin?
- Truman supported freedom, individually owned factories, private property and elections.
- Stalin supported government owned property, fixed prices, equality.
What was the Truman Doctrine?
The promise (from USA) that they'd help any country under threat of communism. They would send money, equipment and advice.
What was Marshall Aid?
A scheme by the USA in order to help rebuild Europe.
Why was the Berlin blockade put into place?
Stalin thought that USA was handling western Germany wrongly, by modernising and making it clearly better than east Germany. So he decided to take control of Berlin, and block it off from the rest of Germany so that people in Berlin would see Stalin as the better leader. But, the other countries still continued trade through air, later making the blockade pointless.
Why was the only route to Berlin by air during the blockade?
Any road attempts with tanks and others would be seen as an act of war.
Why was NATO set up?
It was set up to unite western powers to work together.
Was the USSR or the USA more to blame for the cold war?
Both were equally to blame.
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