Card Set Information
In most of early agriculture societies, people had an average life expectancy of 25 years at birth but would live until they were 50 if they reached 20. These facts primarily reflect what?
High rates of infant mortality
What is an important legacy of the Phoenicians?
Their development of an alphabetic writing system was adapted by the Greeks.
What was an important factor that helped the eastern Roman Empire (Byzantine) survived while the western Empire fell?
It had a loyal army, a skilled bureaucracy, and great reserves based on agriculture.
The 16 century statue (with multi-cultured people) found in China is an example of what?
Cross culture interaction
The code of Hammurabi reveals what about the Babylonian society?
It was marked with social in-equalities.
Which countries did Buddhism spread from India in chronological order?
China, Korea, Japan
What contributed significantly to both the fall of Western Rome and the Han Empire?
Invasions by borderland people.
The graph about populations shows the effect of what from 800 to 1450?
Plague on the populations of Asia and Europe.
What most accurately describes the political structure of the Maya from 600 to 900?
Numerous independent, warring city-states.
What best describes the major effect of Bantu migrations?
Cultural commonalities in Sub-Sahara Africa.
The adoption of Neo-Confucianism by the Ming Dynasty during the 14th century was primarily motivated by what?
The need for government administrators.
What most contributed to the initial formation of political states by the Muscovite Russians and the Ottoman Turks?
The rise and fall of the Mongolian khanates
What did the Byzantine Empire achieve?
The conversion of many Slavic people to Christianity.
The raise of the Mongol Empire did not contribute to what?
The spread of Christianity.
The Islamic and Chinese Empires shared what in the post classical period?
Extensive urbanization and maritime trade
What is the most important effect of the Islamic trade on the civilization of medieval Europe?
The transmittal of Greek ad Arab learning
After the 6th century CE, the Byzantine emperors maintained political unity by what method?
Making dynastic marriages and diplomatic alliances.
The largest decline in percentage of global population in history was from what disease?
Epidemics in the 16th century Mesoamerica.
What is true of the Afro Eurasian trade?
The Ottoman Empire was a central to the major trading routes.
From 1600 to 1700, what was the principal trading product from the Atlantic trade?
The introduction to the Incan staple crop of potatoes outside South America led to what event?
An increase in Andean potato production as a cash crop.
What describes the Manchu people after the mid 1600’s?
They lived in a highly urbanized society in Manchuria.
Mughal leader Burbur’s main goal in conquering India was to what?
Win converts for his own dream of a universal religion.
The first Industrial Revolution in Great Britain was initially based on what?
The wars of Independence in Latin America in the early 19th century resulted to what?
Rapid Industrialization in the region
“The yellow and white nations which are to be found on the globe…” This quote illustrated what Chinese influence?
Which countries ended forced labor in the decade of 1860’s?
Germany and Japan
What contributed most to the growth of nationalism from 1759 to 1914?
What nation had a model military for 19th century Japanese and Ottoman officials?
The German Empire
One of the main goals of the Mexican Revolution was to what?
Cooperate with the Catholic Church to institute social reforms.
What arose out of dissatisfaction with the treaties from the First World War?
The Indian National Congress
What was a major goal of Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward in 1958?
The export of communism
What world event best explains a trend in the late 1950’s?
The Soviet Launch for Sputnik
The phenomenon of hyper-urbanization in 12th century Latin America was caused by what event?
What was a major reason for the massive labor migrations to economically developed countries?
Raising birth rates in developing countries
What were characteristics of most early civilizations?
Cave dwellings and stone tools
What explains the location and architecture of buildings in the Mayan cities such as Tikal?
Protection from surrounding invaders
The silk roads allowed products to move between what Empires?
The Mali and Byzantine
What did Confucius argue?
Education is essential to becoming a refined gentleman
What contributed most to the decline of both the Roman and Abbasid Empires?
Nomadic invasions by the Mongols.
What was different in the development of Buddhism and Christianity?
Both were allied in their spread by trade networks
What was similar between the Aztec and Incan empires?
Both used innovated techniques to dramatically increase agriculture productions
The spiky buildings are an example of what?
Islamic adaption to local culture conditions
A key similarity between the Western European and West Africa leaders in 1000 to 1400 was what?
Adoption of scholarships from Muslim civilizations
From 900 to 1450 what was true about the Sub Saharan Africa’s commercial economy?
They exported gold to the Middle East and Europe
France lost most of their holdings in India while England gained territory in North America. These events resulted in what?
The seven year war
What government sent expeditions to North America, Alaska, and Hawaii in the 18th century?
What Empire was located between the Black Sea and The Mediterranean Sea in the early 16th century?
The Ottoman Empire
The Columbian Exchange refers primarily to what?
The biological exchanges between the eastern and western Hemispheres
The Mughal Empire and the Ottoman Empire shared what characteristic?
Both were religiously and culturally diverse
The growth of Islam in West Africa before 1450 was a result of what?
The influence of Muslim traders from the north involved in the Trans Saharan trade routes.
As global trade expanded, what economies exported more than they imported?
From 1500 to 1750, the Americas had economic interactions with what countries?
Europe, Africa, and East Asia
What was a characteristic of absolute monarchies in Europe during the 17th century?
Legislative, Judicial, and executive power was under control
What best explains the exportation if slaves?
Most slaves were brought to work on topical plantations.
What was an important reason for China’s Rapid population increase in the 17th century?
The introduction to new crops from the Americas
What is true about both the America and Haitian Revolutions?
They created constitutions that granted legal equalities to all citizens.
What describes how the 19th century European industrialization affected woman’s lives?
Married women found it increasingly difficult to combine wage work and family responsibilities.
After the Meiji restoration, Japan changed its policy toward the outside world by what actions?
Seeking western industrial enterprise and equipment
What product connected Great Brittan, India, and China during the 19th century?
How did the 20th century consumerism differ from the 19th century consumerism?
The raise of professional advertisement
“The global economy has marked relations to gender…” the main idea of this passage is what?
Foreign debts result to higher prices for basic materials and this effects women most
The development of Mogandas Gandhi’s political philosophy was shaped by what?
His experience with racial discrimination in South Africa.
The main reason for founding the European community was what?
To facilitate trade and economic development in Europe
The 1960 was a time of social unrest for what country?
The Soviet Union
Political stability in Sub Sahara Africa after 1960 was hindered by what?
Internal ethnical and tribal conflicts as a result to arbitrary tribal boundaries.
Chinese dynasties had what in common from about 1890 to 1978?
opposition to colonial rule
How did the 19th century Japanese industrialization differ from the 18th century British industrialization?
Japan’s industrialization was sponsored by the state
What is true about the world at the end of the 20th century?
The pace and intensity on international contacts accelerated as a result of communication and transportation.
What best explains why myths are used historically?
They provide into the values and traditions of their societies.