tle

Card Set Information

Author:
trucle
ID:
85051
Filename:
tle
Updated:
2011-05-10 15:04:49
Tags:
LPNdrugs
Folders:

Description:
Drug class, prototype, suffix, action, indication
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user trucle on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. -amine
    -zine
    • -antihx
    • -1st generation
    • -binds to both central & peripheral H1 receptor
  2. -buterol
    -proterenol
    • -short acting beta 2
    • -bronchodilator for acute asthma & COPD
    • -Contra: cardiac, HTN, hyperthyroid, DM, sz
    • -SE: cardiac, CNS, hyperglycemia, HypoK
  3. -meterol
    -butaline
    • -long acting beta 2
    • -prevention acute & COPD
    • -contra: cardiac, HTN, hypethyroid, DM, sz
    • -SE: cardiac, CNS, hyperglycemia, hypoK
  4. -adine
    • -antihx
    • -2nd generation
    • -pr: fexofenadine
    • -selective for peripheral H1 receptor, minimal to central H1
    • -do not cross blood-brain barrier
    • -prophylactic tx of allergy
    • -contra: glaucoma, hyperthyroidism, BPH
    • -caution: cardiac, lung, renal, diabete, liver, peptic ulcer, sz, may increase CNS depression
    • -SE: mild drowsiness, GI upset
  5. -metaproterenol
    short acting beta 2
  6. terbutaline
    long acting beta 2
  7. SE hypoK, hyperglycemia
    short and long acting beta
  8. -contra: cardiac
    -caution: HTN, hyperthyroid, DM, sz
    short and long beta2
  9. SE: cardiac, CNS, hypoK, hyperBG
    short and long acting beta 2
  10. anticholinergic effects
    dry mouth, increase pulse, decreased bp, urine retention, constipation, blurred vision, dz
  11. 1st antihix contra
    glaucoma, BHP, hyperthyroid
  12. 1st anihx caution
    cardiac, lung, liver, renal, DM, peptic ulcer, sz. Not with MAO, CNS depressants, alcohol
  13. anticholinergic bronchidilator
    • COPD maintenance
    • allergic and viral rhinitis (cold)
    • -tropium
  14. -tropium
    anticholinergic
  15. xanthine
    • 2nd line COPD chronic
    • contra: gastritis, peptic ulcer
    • caution: cardiac, liver, pulmonary dis, children <6 month, muliple drugs
    • SE: cardiac, CNS, overdose (range 11--15)
    • -take prior to meal, w water, no crush
  16. -sone, -lone, -ide (either intra nasal or inhaled)
    • glucocorticoids
    • -intranasal = fluticasone
    • -inhale= beclomethasone
    • -system = prednisone
  17. Both intranasal & inhaled glutocorticoids
    • budesonide (Pulmicort)
    • flunisolide (Aerobid)

    triamcinolone (Axzmacort), top/IM/SubQ/oral)
  18. indication of glucocorticoids
    inhaled = chronic asthma & COPD

    systemic = acute, severe asthma & COPD, cancer (Hodgkin, leukemia, lympho) & adrenocortical insuf.

    (after short acting beta 2 which q20min x 3-4dose)
  19. contra of glucocorticoids
    active infection
  20. SE of inhaled glucocorticoids
    • candidiasis
    • hoarse
    • masking of infection
  21. SE of shorter tem system glucocorticoids
    hyperglycemia (just like short & long term beta 2)
  22. SE of long term system glucocorticoids
    • adrenal insufficiency
    • hyperglycemia (like short term and beta 2)
    • mood changes
    • cataracts
    • peptic ulcer (just like antihx caution, xanthin contra)
    • e-lyte imbalance
    • osteoporosis
    • masked infection
    • Cushing
  23. considerations of glucocorticoids
    • intranasal & inhaled = around clock (take 1-2 weeks for full effect
    • -inhaled =rinse mouth after
    • -system = must be tapered to avoid lack of adrenal fucntion +-rebound
  24. mast cell stablizer
    • cromolyn
    • nedocromil
  25. mast cell stablizer indcation
    • -ASTHMA only
    • -more for kids with known allergy
  26. mast cell stablizer SE
    uncommon - Cardiac/dysrhythimias, hypotension, chest pain

    • CNS
    • other: anorexia, N/V

    MDI (several weeks for max benefit)
  27. leukotriene modifiers indication
    chronic ASTHMA, adults/kids - allergy, excecise, cold

    used in combination with beta 2 & corticosteroids

    PO (up to 1 week except zileuton 2 hrs)
  28. leukotriene SE
    • contra: breast milk (zafirlukast)
    • SE: ha, N/V/D, infection, cough, nasal congestion
  29. -ephedrine, - ephrine
    sympathomimetics (decongestants)
  30. oxymetazoline (Afrin)
    sympathomimetics prototype
  31. sympathomimetics contra and SE
    • intranasal: no longer than 3-5 days: rebound
    • ALL ; HTN, cardiac, thyroid, diabetes (like short & long beta 2)

    • SE intranasal = rebound
    • oral/system = HTN, CNS

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview