Anatomical, Directional, and regional terms

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Author:
Monkeyhumper
ID:
85078
Filename:
Anatomical, Directional, and regional terms
Updated:
2011-05-11 17:45:55
Tags:
body parts anatomy
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Description:
Greek, Latin, and Arabic words used for body parts
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  1. Anterior (ventral)
    Toward the front
  2. Posterior (dorsal)
    Toward the back
  3. Superior
    Toward the head
  4. Inferior
    Away from the head
  5. Medial
    Toward the mid-line of the body
  6. Lateral
    Away from the mid-line of the body
  7. Proximal
    Toward the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure, or midline of the body
  8. Distal
    Away from the attached end of the limb, origin of the structure, or the midline of the body
  9. Superficial
    External; located close to or on the surface of the body
  10. Deep
    Internal; located further beneath the body surface than the superficial structures
  11. Cervical
    Regional term referring to the neck
  12. Thoracic
    Regional term referring to the portion of the body between the neck and the abdomen; also known as the chest (thorax)
  13. Lumbar
    Regional term referring to the portion of the back between the abdomen and the pelvis
  14. Plantar
    The sole or bottom of the feet
  15. Dorsal
    The top surface of the feet and hands
  16. Palmar
    The anterior or ventral surface of the hands
  17. Sagittal plane
    A longitudinal (imaginary) line that divides the body or any of its parts into right and left sections
  18. Frontal plane
    A longitudinal (imaginary) section that divides the body into anterior and posterior parts; lies at the right angle to the sagittal plane
  19. Transverse Plane
    Also known as the horizontal plane; an imaginary line that divided the body or any of its parts into superior and inferior sections

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