The Alsace of Austria (for beauty since very different wine)
Known for Sauvignon Blanc and dry fragrant wines
Define Ausbruch & Strohwein
Strohwein: a dried (straw) grape wine of at least Beerenauslese ripeness
Ausbruch: a sweet (botrytis) specialty of Rust in Neusiedlersee-Hugelland
Name the 2 most important wine regions in Hungary
Eger (1522 legend of Bulls Blood)
Note: Egri Bikaver is awful but grapes could be good
Name the black grapes of Hungary
Name the grapes of Tokaji.
Muskatoly (Muscat Ottonel)
a botrytis dessert wine
Technically, a dry still wine sweetened with a paste made from botrytis grapes (Aszu)
Wines designated in 3 Puttonyos (medium sweet) to 6 Puttonyos (very sweet)
Small buckets (30 liters)
Determines the quality level of Tokaji (number of buckets of paste added to dry wine)
Define Eszencia, Aszu Eszencia & True Eszencia.
Aszu: Botrytis grapes mashed into a paste
Eszencia: free run juices from botrytis grapes, used as a blending component
Aszu Eszencia: 8 Puttonyos equivalent wine
True Eszencia: extremely sweet and rare; min 10 years to ferment to 2-5% alcohol
What is Tokaji Szamorodni?
a wine with no Aszu paste which may be sweet (Edes) or dry (Szaraz)
Name 2 important red AO, their grapes & state in Greece.
Naoussa AO (Macedonia): Reds from Xynomavro [ksee No Mav roe]
Nemea AO (Pelopponese): Reds from Agiorgitiko [eye your YEE tee koe]
Cotes de Meliton AO (Macedonia): Chateau Carras makes makes a red blend of Bordeaux grapes and Limnio
Name 1 important white AO, its grapes and state in Greece.
Santorini AO (Aegean): Whites from Assyrtiko
Samos AO (Aegean): Sweet whites from Muscat
Retsina: pine resin is added to the must
What is the dent in the bottom of a wine bottle called?
Punt or Pontil; caused by the glass blowers rod called a Punty rod.
What are the 3 quality levels of Austrian wine?
Wein: replaced tafelwein in 2009; vintage and varietal but only Osterreich origin
Landwein: 35 varietals but only Weinland, Steierland, or Bergland origin
Qualitatswein: 2/3 production; 35 varietals, a single Weinbaugebiete (or smaller region), Prufnummer
All three levels specify min yield; min must weights increase with each level of quality.
What is a Prufnummer?
State Control Number that indicates a qualitatswein has passed a tasting panel and chemical analysis, as does the inclusion of a red and white banderole (narrow flag) on the bottle's capsule.
Name the categories of Qualitatswein in Austria
Pradikatswein: like German hierarchy but adds Strohwein above BA and Ausbruch below TBA
Districtus Austriae Controllatus (DAC): dry wines; proscribed varietals, min alcohol, styles
What is Klosterneuburger Mostwaage (KMW)?
Austria sugar scale: 1% KMW = 1% must sugar
Name the Wachau (only) quality levels (applies to any grape)
Steinfeder: 11% alcohol
Federspiel: Kabinett level
Smaragd: Spatlese level
Where are most of Austria's sweet wines produced?
Around the lake of Neusiedlersee in Burgenland
What does Weinbauregionen mean?
Broad geographic area
Weinland: Niederosterreich (dry white), Wien (no quality wine), Burgenland (red wine and botrytis)
Steierland: Steiermark (not much quality wine)
Bergland: Austria's mountainous countryside
Describe the "antifreeze" scandel of 1985
Dozens of winemakers added diethylene glycol to their wines to add texture. Export markets cancelled their orders calling it "antifreeze" (ethylene glycol).
Name the 8 subzones of Niederosterreich (Lower Austria)
Weinviertel DAC: largest subzone and first DAC, Gruner Veltliner, min alc 12% (reserve 13%)
Traisental DAC: Erste Lage, Gruner Veltliner or Riesling, classi (12%) or reserve (13%)
Kremstal DAC: Erste Lage, Gruner Veltliner or Riesling, classi (12%) or reserve (13%)
Kamptal DAC: Erste Lage, Gruner Veltliner or Riesling, classi (12%) or reserve (13%)
Wachau: Erste Lage, westernmost region, most ageworthy wines
Wagram: known as Donauland prior to 2007; Roter Veltliner (red grape/white wine) is a specialty
Carnuntum: field blends (Gemischter Satz) are popular
Thermenregion: Rotgipfler and Zierfandle white wines; hot Pannonian summers
Which region produces Austria's best red and sweet white wines?
Name 2 synonyms of the Austrian Blaufrankisch grape
What does Ried mean?
Top site. Replaces village name on label.
What is Osterreichischen Traditionsweinguter?
An association of Austrian wine producers founded in 1992 that defined Erste Lage
What is Dole?
Valais (the most important canton in Switzerland) blend of Pinot Noir and Gamay
What is Reze?
Indigenous grape of Switzerland used to produce Vin des Glacier, a maderized wine
Name some German vineyards and their gemeinde (municipality)
Brucke: Oberhausen (Nahe)
Grafenberg: Kiedrich (Rheingau)
Kirchenstuck: Forst (Pfalz)
Stein: Wurzburg (Franken)
Juffer Sonnenuhr: Brauneberg (Mosel)
Wurzgarten: Urzig, spice garden, (Mosel)
Describe the wines of Austria
Lower Austria: Dry whites
Vienna: Sweet whites
Burgenland/Styria: Dry reds
What is the origin of Zinfandel?
Crljenak ("sirl-yen-ack") Kastelanski and Primitivo are genetically identical. However, Primitivo was introduced in Italy after Zinfandel appeared in the USA. Zinfandel was brought to Long Island from the Imperial State Nursery of Vienna at the beginning of the third decade of the 19th century. Plavac mali is related but Zinfandel and Dobricic are the parents of Plavac mali.
Name two great first growths of Tokaji
Szarvas (near Tokaj)
Mezes Maly (near Tarcal)
Name the wine classifications in Greece
Controlled Appellation of Origin (OPE): traditional sweet wines of PDO quality
Appellation of Superior Quality (OPAP): PDO quality
Topikos Inos: Vin de Pays
Epitrapezios Inos: Vin de Table
Traditional Appellations: only Retsina and Verdea, a sweet white wine produced on Zakynthos
Reserve: 2 (white) or 3 (red) years aging
Grand Reserve: 1 more year age
What does Wiener Heuriger mean?
Vienna "winebar", often on the sidewalk
Name the Greek regions
Thrace (no OPAP or OPE)
Sterea Ellada (Central Greece; no OPAP; retsina)
Training vines in a basket shape on Santorini
Name the most cultivated white grape on Crete
Name one of the most ancient grapes which delivers an "orange" wine
Found only on Crete and a handful of neighboring islands