Nur 42 Drug info for drug test quiz #5

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Nur 42 Drug info for drug test quiz #5
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2011-05-14 20:55:37
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Nur 42 Drug info for drug test quiz #5
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  1. What is Lanoxin? What class?
    • Class:
    • Digitalis Glycosides

    Digoxin glycosides have two primary actions on the heart: increases the force of contraction (positive inotropy), and it slows the heart rate (negative chronotropy), reducing the conduction velocity and prolonging the refractory period at the atrioventricular node.
  2. What are Lanoxin side effects?
    Bradycardia, Tachycardia, Bigeminy. Noncardiac effects (loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, extreme fatigue, and weakness, weakness of the arms and legs, psychiatric disturbances (night-mares, agitation, listlessness, and hallucinations) or visual disturbances
  3. What pre assessments should you make for Lanoxin?
    • Assess: (1) Take apical heart rate for a full minute, hold drug if pulse less than 60 or greater than 100 beats per minute, children, below 90 beats per minutes, report any findings.
    • (2) Obtain baseline data vital signs, lung sounds, and weight, laboratory (serum electrolytes, liver and kidney function studies).
    • (3) Check for the development of digoxin toxicity, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, or sudden increase in pulse rate that previously had been normal or low.
  4. What should you teach a client taking Lanoxin?
    • (1) Instruct the client how to check radial pulse rate before taking digoxin and call the prescriber for pulse rate less than 60 beats per minute or irregular pulse.
    • (2) Instruct the client to report side effects such as nausea, vomiting, headache, and visual disturbance (blurred vision, green, white, and yellow halos around objects, diplopia).
    • (3) Advise the client to eat food rich in potassium such as fresh and dried fruits, fruit juices, and vegetables, including potatoes.
  5. What is Capoten? What class?
    Class: Antihypertensive (ace inhibitor)


    Regulation of Blood Pressure, Preserve Cardiac Output, and Increase Renal Blood Flow
  6. What is Heparin? What class?
    Class: Anticoagulants


    Heparin is used to treat and prevent blood clots in the veins, arteries, or lung. Heparin is also used before surgery to reduce the risk of blood clots.
  7. What is Coumadin? What class?
    Class: Anticoagulant
  8. What it’s for:
    Coumadin is used to prevent heart attacks, stroke, and blood clots in veins and arteries
  9. What is Lovenox? What class?
    Class: Anticoagulant
  10. What it’s for:
    Use to prevent a type of blood clot called deep vein thrombosis (DVT), which can lead to blood clots in the lungs (pulmonary embolism). DVT can occur after certain types of surgery or in bed that are bed-ridden due to prolonged illness. Also Lovenox is used to prevent blood vessel complication in people with certain types of angina (chest pain) or heart attack.
  11. What is Ranitidine? What class?
    Class: H2 Histamine Receptor Antagonist


    • What it’s for:
    • Ranitidine is used to reduce the amount of acid stomach. Also, helps prevent ulcer in stomach or intestine.
  12. What is Ferrous Sulfate? What class?
    Class: Antianemic
  13. What it’s for:
    Ferrous Sulfate is an iron. You normally get iron from food that attaches to the hemoglobin or myglobin.
  14. What is Aspirin? What class?
    Class: Anti-platelet Agent
  15. What it’s for:
    Aspirin is in a group of drugs called sallcylates. It works by reducing pain, fever and inflammation. It also used to treat or prevent heart attacks, strokes, and angina (chest pain) only under the supervision of a doctor. Aspirin should not be given to children, teenager. In children aspirin can cause a serious and sometimes fatal condition called Reyes’s syndrome
  16. What is Plavix? What class?
    Class: Anti-platelet agent
  17. What it’s for:
    Plavix (clopidogrel ) is used to prevent blood clots after recent heart attack or stroke, and in people with certain disorders of the heart or blood vessels
  18. What is Famotidine? What class?
    Class: H2 Histamine Receptor Antagonist
  19. What it’s for:
    Famotidine is used to reduce the amount of acid stomach. Also, helps prevent ulcer in stomach or intestine.
  20. What is Ondansitron? What class?
    Class: Antiemetic
  21. What it’s for:
    Ordansitron is used to prevent nausea and vomiting that is caused by surgery or medicine use to treat cancer.
  22. What is Demerol? What class?
    Class: Narcotic
  23. What it’s for:
    Demerol is used to treat moderate-to-severe pain. It may also be used before or during surgery and for pain relief during labor and delivery. Demerol may be habit-forming
  24. What is Morphine? What class?
    Class: Narcotic
  25. What it’s for:
    Morphine is used to treat moderate to severe pain. It works by dulling the pain perception center in the brain. Used for pain treatment after surgery unless you were already taking it before surgery.
  26. What is Lasix? What class?
    Class: Diuretic
  27. What it’s for:
    Lasix is a loop diuretic (water pill) that prevents the body from absorbing too much salt, allowing the salt to pass into the urine. Causes an increase in urine.
  28. What is HydroDiuril? What class?
    Class: Diuretic
  29. What it’s for:
    It’s an antihypertensive and a diuretic (water pill) that helps prevent your body from absorbing to much salt which can cause fluid retention. Causes increase secretions in sodium and chloride
  30. What is Colace? What class?
    • Class:
    • Stool Softener (laxative)
  31. What it’s for:
    Colace makes bowel movement easier and softer to pass. Used to treat or prevent constipation and reduce pain or rectal damage caused by hard stool or by straining during bowel movement. Works by actively drawing water into the stool.
  32. What is Vasotec? What class?
    • Class:
    • Antihypertensive (ace inhibitor)
  33. What it’s for:
    Vasotec is used to treat high blood pressure (hypertension) congestive heart failure, kidney problem cause by diabetes, and to improve survival after a heart attack
  34. What is Glucophage? What class?
    Class: Antidiabetic
  35. What it’s for:
    Glucophage (metformin) is an oral diabetic medication that helps control blood sugar level for people with type 2 diabetes. Glucophage is not use to treat type 1 diabetes but can be used with insulin or other meds.
  36. What pre assessments should you make for Capoten?
    Include: bedside assessment, monitoring, teaching, special handling or other administering considerations, major undesirable effects i.e. Most common and those that are life- threatening.

    • Vital Sign – obtain baseline blood pressure in supine position and apical pulse.
    • Ask about bowel elimination pattern, Check for swelling of the eyes, lips tongues, difficulty breathing, persistent cough, signs of weakness or dizziness.
  37. What pre assessments should you make for Heparin?
  38. What pre assessments should you make for Coumadin?
  39. What pre assessments should you make for Lovenox?
  40. What pre assessments should you make for Aspirin?
  41. What pre assessments should you make for Plavix?
  42. What pre assessments should you make for Ferrous Sulfate?
  43. What pre assessments should you make for Ranitine?
  44. What pre assessments should you make for Famotidine?
  45. What pre assessments should you make for Ondansitron?
  46. What pre assessments should you make for Demerol?
  47. What pre assessments should you make for Morphine?
  48. What pre assessments should you make for Lasix?
  49. What pre assessments should you make for Hydrodiuril?
  50. What pre assessments should you make for Colace?
  51. What pre assessments should you make for Ambien?
  52. What pre assessments should you make for Vasotec?
  53. What pre assessments should you make for Glucophage?
  54. What are Heparin side effects?
  55. What are Coumadin side effects?
  56. What are Lovenox side effects?
  57. What are Aspirin side effects?
  58. What are Plavix side effects?
  59. What are Ferrous Sulfate side effects?
  60. What are Ranitine side effects?
  61. What are Famotidine side effects?
  62. What are Ondansitron side effects?
  63. What are Demerol side effects?
  64. What are Morphine side effects?
  65. What are Lasix side effects?
  66. What are HydroDiuril side effects?
  67. What are Colace side effects?
  68. What are Ambien side effects?
  69. What are Capoten side effects?
    First time user may experience hypotension with dizziness, tachycardia and fainting, symptoms develop 3 hours after taken. These symptom may minimized by discontinue diuretic 1 week before starting medication
  70. What are Vasotec side effects?
  71. What are Glucophage side effects?
  72. What should you teach a client taking Heparin?
  73. What should you teach a client taking Coumadin?
  74. What should you teach a client taking Lovenox?
  75. What should you teach a client taking Aspirin?
  76. What should you teach a client taking Plavix?
  77. What should you teach a client taking Ferrous Sulfate?
  78. What should you teach a client taking Ranitine?
  79. What should you teach a client taking Famotidine?
  80. What should you teach a client taking Ondansitron?
  81. What should you teach a client taking Demerol?
  82. What should you teach a client taking Morphine?
  83. What should you teach a client taking Lasix?
  84. What should you teach a client taking HydroDiuril?
  85. What should you teach a client taking Colace?
  86. What should you teach a client taking Ambien?
  87. What should you teach a client taking Capoten?
    • Teach client to rise slowly from a supine or sitting position or use call bell if need assistant.
    • Capoten is given without food.
    • First time user may experience hypotension with dizziness, tachycardia and fainting, symptoms develop 3 hours after taken. These symptom may minimized by discontinue diuretic 1 week before starting medication.
    • For African American Capoten is not as effective for lowering blood pressure unless used with diuretics.
  88. What should you teach a client taking Vasotec?
  89. What should you teach a client taking Glucophage?

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