Windows Server 2008 Ch. 1
Card Set Information
Windows Server 2008 Ch. 1
Windows Server 2008 Ch 1
Keywords and Definitions
A central database of computers, users, shared resources and resource groupings that is used to manage a network and enable users to quickly find a particular resource.
Address Resolution Protocol -
A protocol in the TCP/IP suite that enables a sending station to determine the MAC address of another station on a network.
Automatic Private IP Addressing
- The computer automatically assigns an IP between 169.254.0.1 - 18.104.22.168 is a DHCP server is not available.
a message sent to all computers on a network but ussually blocked by a router to other networks
A computer on a network that has access to resources on that network.
The ability to increase access to server resources and provide fail-safe services by linking 2 or more discrete computer systems so they appear to be 1.
A command line tool available in Windows Power Shell
Also called connectionless services, a communication service that provides no checks (or minimal checks) to make sure that data accurately reaches the destination node.
this service provides several ways to ensure the data is successfully recieved at the destination. An example is the 3-way handshake.
The IP address of the router that has a connection to other networks. It is used when the host computer is trying to connect to a computer on another network.
A grouping of resources such as servers, computers, printers and user accounts, to enable eaiser centralized management if those resources
Domain Name System
- a TCP/IP application protocol that enables a server to resolve domain and computer names to IP addresses or vise-versa
dotted decimal notation
an addressing technique that uses 4 octets converted into decimals.
Dynamic Domain Name System
- enables client computers to update DNS registration information so that it does not need to be done manually.
fault tolerant memory sync
enables memory to resync after transient memory problems so their are no interruptions to current computing activities
a unit of data that is transmitted on a network that contains control and address information but not routing information
hot add memory
memory that can be added without shutting down the comuter system
hot add processor
the ability to add a processor to an empty slot on a multiprocessor system while the system is running
hot replace processor
the ability to replace a processor in an SMP system without taking the system down
Virtualization software included in most Server 2008 versions
Internet Information Services
- Server component that provides other services to make the server into a full-featured web server
the essential set of programs and computer code for an operating system
Local Area Network
- confinded to a small area of space, usually contained to the same floor of an office building
Media Access Control Address
- a hexadecimal number perminatly assigned to a network interface card
a single message sent from 1 location and recieved by several locations ment to recieve that message
Network Access Protocol
- Security features that monitor a network to ensure access mathces specific polocies
Network Address Translation
- Translates internal or local IP to decoy IP address for internet use.
Network Interface Card
a unit of data transmitted on a network
a protected memory space allocated for the Windows Server 2008 kernel that cannot be directly accessed by software applications
A strictly defined set of rules for communication across a network
a database used to store information about the configuration, program setup, device drivers and other data important to the setup of Windows Operating System
a file of shell commands that are run as a unit within the shell
server based networking
a model in which access to the network and resources and the management of those resources is accomplished through one or more servers
a comprehensive server management tool
a command line environment
Subsystem for UNIX-based Applications
- a set of services that can be installed to create a UNix like environment for UNIX and Linux clients
Symmetric Multiprocessor Computer
- a computer that uses more then one processor
Transmission Control Protocol
Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol
- the default protocol suite installed
a message that goes from one single computer to another single computer
User Datagram Protocol
- a connectionless protocol
Windows Internet Naming Service
- enables the server to convert NetBIOS computer names to IP address