Final Exam Study Guide

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carmonyjhs
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85182
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Final Exam Study Guide
Updated:
2011-06-02 09:11:26
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Final Exam
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These terms can be used to study for the World History Final exam at Jackson High School.
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  1. NATURAL LAW
    RULES DISCOVERABLE BY REASON APPLIED BY ENLIGHTENMENT THINKERS TO STUDY HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND SOCIETY
  2. ENLIGHTENED DESPOT
    ABSOLUTE RULERS THAT MAKE POLITICAL AND SOCIAL CHANGE
  3. THOMAS HOBBES
    ENLIGHTENMENT PHILOSOPHER; BELIEVED THAT ALL MEN WERE CRUEL AND EVIL; THOUGHT ABSOLUTE MONARCHIES WERE THE BEST FORM OF GOVERNMENT
  4. MONTESQUIEU
    ENLIGHTENMENT THINKER; BELIEVED THAT A GOVERNMENT SHOULD HAVE CHECKS AND BALANCES IN ORDER TO ELIMINATE ABSOLUTE POWER; ALSO BELIEVE IN THE SEPARATION OF POWERS
  5. ADAM SMITH
    ENLIGHTENMENT ECONOMIST; BELIEVED IN THE FREE MARKET SYSTEM, OR NO GOVERNMENT CONTROLS OF THE ECONOMY; BUSINESS ACTIVITY WILL BE REGULATED BY SUPPLY AND DEMAND
  6. JOHN LOCKE
    ENLIGHTENMENT THINKER; BELIEVED IN THE NATURAL RIGHTS OF MAN- LIFE, LIBERTY, AND PROPERTY; HE ALSO BELIEVED THAT A DEMOCRACY WAS THE BEST FORM GOVERNMENT;
  7. FIRST ESTATE
    CLERGY AND CHURCH PEOPLES
  8. SECOND ESTATE
    NOBILITY
  9. THIRD ESTATE
    BOURGEOISIE, PEASANTS, COMMONERS, URBAN WORKERS
  10. BOURGEOISIE
    MERCHANTS, BANKERS, WEALTHY LAND OWNERS, UPPER MIDDLE CLASS, ETC...
  11. SCORCHED-EARTH POLICY
    MILITARY TACTIC WHEN DURING RETREAT YOU SLASH AND BURN AND GOODS THAT CAN BE USED BY THE ENEMY AGAINST YOU; DEFEATED NAPOLEON DURING THE INVASION CAMPAIGN OF RUSSIA
  12. TENNIS COURT OATH
    THE ASSEMBLY MET AT SOME HAND BALL COURTS AND SWORE TO CREATE A JUST CONSTITUTION
  13. FRENCH URBAN WORKERS
    INDUSTRIAL WORKERS THAT WERE CONSIDERED THE POOREST GROUP IN FRANCE
  14. THE BREAD MARCH
    A GROUP OF RIOTING WOMEN MARCHED TO VERSAILLES TO DEMAND THAT THE KING LOWER THE PRICE OF BREAD
  15. LIMITED MONARCHY
    A GOVENRMENT IN WHICH THE MONARCH IS LIMITED BY A CONSTITUTION; THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY OF FRANCE IN 1791 CREATED THE CONSTITUTION OF 1791 TO LIMIT KING LOUIS XVI'S POWER
  16. CONTINENTAL SYSTEM
    A FORM OF ECONOMIC WARFARE IN WHICH NAPOLEON TRIED TO ELIMINATE TRADE WITH GREAT BRITAIN, IN TURN DESTROYING THEIR ECONOMY
  17. BATTLE OF WATERLOO
    NAPOLEON'S FINAL DEFEAT WAS REALIZED AT THIS BATTLE
  18. INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
    THE CHANGE TO MAKING GOODS WITH MACHINES INSTEAD OF HANDS
  19. COTTON GIN
    SEPARATES SEEDS FROM RAW COTTON; THIS SINGLE INVENTION EXPONENTIALLY INCREASED THE PRODUCTION OF COTTON
  20. UTILITARIANISM
    "THE GREATEST HAPPINESS FOR THE GREATEST NUMBER"
  21. JAMES WATT
    SCIENTIST AND INVENTOR THAT MADE IMPROVEMENTS TO THE STEAM ENGINE WHICH MADE IT INTO AN EFFICIENT POWER SOURCE
  22. RAILROADS
    THIS NEW FORM OF TRANSPORTATION MADE IT POSSIBLE FOR TRAVEL ACROSS LAND RIVERS COULD NOT FOLLOW
  23. TENEMENT HOUSING
    CROWDED APARTMENT BUILDINGS FILLED WITH WORKING CLASS POOR
  24. WOMEN WORKERS
    MANY EARLY FACTORY WORKERS WERE WOMEN BECAUSE YOU COULD PAY THEM LESS WAGES
  25. STANDARD OF LIVING
    TERM USED TO DESCRIBE THE AVERAGE QUALITY OF LIFE A PERSON MAY HAVE IN AN INDUSTRIAL COUNTRY; STANDARDS OF LIVING GENERALLY ROSE IN INDUSTRIALIZED COUNTRIES
  26. LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS
    THE LATIN AMERICAN REVOLUTIONS MAINLY BEGAN DUE TO THE OUSTING OF THE SPANISH KING BY NAPOLEON
  27. CREOLES
    EUROPEAN-DESCENDED LATIN AMERICANS; SECOND CLASS STATUS BUT OWN MUCH OF THE PROPERTY IN LATIN AMERICA
  28. PENINSULARES
    SPAINISH BORN IMMIGRANTS OF EUROPE; CONTROLLED MOS TOF THE POLITICAL LIFE IN LATIN AMERICA
  29. MULATTOES
    PEOPLE OF AFRICAN AND EUROPEAN DESCENT
  30. MESTIZOS
    PEOPLE OF LATIN AMERICAN AND EUROPEAN DESCENT
  31. ITALIAN UNIFICATION
    THE ITALIAN STATES UNIFIED IN 1848 UNDER THE LEADERSHIP OF PRIME MINISTER CAMILLIO CAVOUR
  32. SOCIAL DARWINISM
    CHARLES DARWINS THEORY OF NATURAL SELECTION WERE APPLIED TO BUSINESS AND SOCIETY; ONLY THE STRONG BUSINESSES AND SOCIETIES WILL SURVIVE
  33. BESSEMER PROCESS
    BY USING OXYGEN TO EXTRACT IMPURITIES OUT OF STEEL; THIS PROCESS PRODUCED MORE STEEL THAN EARLIER TECHNIQUES
  34. REALPOLITIK
    THE POLITICAL ACTIONS OF A LEADER ARE GUIDED BY THE NEEDS OF THE STATE WITHOUT CONSIDERATION OF MORALS OR THE PEOPLE
  35. IMPERIALIST SOCIAL DARWINISM
    WESTERNERS BELIEVED IN A DUTY TO BRING CIVILIZATIONS TO INDIGENOUS CULTURES OF CONQUERED LANDS
  36. NATURAL RESOURCES AND IMPERIALISM
    EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM INTENSIFIED ONCE IT WAS DISCOVERED THAT MANY LANDS HAD AN ABUNDANCE OF NATURAL RESOURCES; SUCH AS IRAN AND ITS OIL
  37. MODERNIZATION
    MODERNIZED COUNTRIES HAD A DISTINCT ADVANTAGE OVER PRIMATIVE CULTURES
  38. OPEN DOOR POLICY
    A UNITED STATES POLICY THAT PROTECTED TRADING RIGHTS IN CHINA
  39. MUHAMMAD ALI
    KNOWN AS "FATHER OF EGYPT" DUE TO HIS REFORMS
  40. SEPOY REBELLION
    CONFLICT BETWEEN WITH THE HINDU AND ISLAMIC SOLDIERS AGAINST HE BRITISH IMPERIALISTS; RESULTED IN PARLIMENT ENDING THE RULE OF THE EAST INDIA COMPANY
  41. SEPOY REBELLION
    HINDU AND ISLAM RESTRICT THE CONSUMPTION OF CERTAIN ANIMALS; THE RIFLE CARTRIDGES WERE GREASED WITH ANIMAL FAT
  42. EUROPEAN NATIONALISM
    KINGS FEARED REBELLION OF ETHNIC GROUPS SEEKING AN INDEPENDENT NATION
  43. SCHLIEFFEN PLAN
    INVASION PLAN FOR FRANCE; FAILED DUE TO RUSSIA MOBILIZING THEIR TROOPS QUICKER THAN ANTICIPATED
  44. TRENCH WARFARE
    A TYPE OF WAR FOUGHT FROM THE INSIDE OF TRENCHES; THIS STALEMATE DEVELOPED ON THE WESTERN FRONT AND MADE IT DIFFICULT FOR EITHER SIDE TO RETAIN VICTORY
  45. OTTOMAN EMPIRE
    AN EMPIRE LOCATED IN SOUTH EASTERN EUROPE AND THE MIDDLE EAST THAT WAS VALUABLE DURING WW1 BECAUSE IT CONTROLLED THE RUSSIAN SUPPLY LINES
  46. ZIMMERMANN NOTE
    OFFERED TO RETURN ALL OF MEXICO'S LOST LANDS FROM THE UNITED STATES IF THEY ALLY WITH GERMANY AND ATTACK THE ALLIES
  47. TREATY OF VERSAILLES
    THE ALLIES PUNISHED GERMANY AT THIS TREATY MEETING
  48. THE BOLSHEVIKS
    TOOK CONTROL OF RUSSIA IN 1917 AND INSTITUTED COMMUNISM
  49. V. I. LENIN
    LEADER OF THE BOLSHEVIKS IN 1917 DURING THE NOVEMBER REVOLUTION
  50. APARTHEID
    ENSURED WHITE ECONOMIC POLITICAL AND SOCIAL SUPREMACY BY MAKING PEOPLE WITH DARK SKIN 2ND CLASS CITIZENS
  51. FASCISM
    A GOVERNMENT WITH COMPLETE CONTROL OVER THE PEOPLE AND ADVOCATES FOR THE SUPREMACY OF THE STATE
  52. RUSSIFICATION
    TO MAKE THE CULTURAL LIFE OF THE SOVIET UNION MORE RUSSIAN
  53. RUHR VALLEY
    THIS COAL RICH AREA OF GERMANY WAS CONFISCATED BY FRANCE IN ORDER TO PAY OFF WAR REPARATIONS
  54. ALBERT EINSTEIN
    HIS DISCOVERY AND THEORIES EVENTUALLY LED TO THE CREATION OF ATOMIC THEORY
  55. MUSSOLINI
    LEADER OF FASCIST ITALY; PEOPLE LOVED HIM BECAUSE HE STOPPED THE FEUDING IN THE GOVERNMENT
  56. GREAT PURGE
    STALIN FEARED PARTY RIVALS SO HE INSTITUTED A PURGE TO ELIMINATE COMPETITION FOR HIS POWER
  57. NAZI-SOVIET PACT
    AN AGREEMENT BETWEEN HITLER AND STALIN WHICH GAVE GERMANY A FREE HAND IN POLAND
  58. SPANISH CIVIL WAR
    A "DRESS REHEARSAL" FOR WORLD WAR II BECAUSE THE NAZIS USED IT IN ORDER TO TEST THE NEW MILITARY TACTICS
  59. VICHY
    A PUPPET STATE SET UP BY THE NAZIS IN SOUTHERN FRANCE
  60. ISLAND-HOPPING
    A MILITARY STRATEGY THAT ALLOWED THE ALLIES TO MOVE CLOSER TO JAPANESE MAINLAND BY PASSING ISLANDS THAT WERE NOT STRATEGICALLY NECESSARY
  61. TRUMAN DOCTRINE
    PRESIDENT TRUMAN PUSHED TO CONTAIN COMMUNISM THROUGHOUT THE WORLD
  62. RHINELAND
    AREA IN WHICH HITLER MARCHED TROOPS AND VIOLATED THE VERSAILLES TREATY
  63. ROSIE THE RIVETER
    SYMBOLIZED THE WOMEN THAT WORKED IN THE U.S. MANUFACTURING PLANTS
  64. OPERATION BARBAROSSA
    THE NAZI INVASION OF THE SOVIET UNION WHICH WAS STOPPED DUE TO THE TERRIBLE WINTER OF 1941-42
  65. KAMIKAZE
    JAPANESE PILOTS WHO CRASHED INTO ALLIED WARSHIPS
  66. DR. MARTIN LUTHER KING JR.
    EXTENDED EQUAL RIGHTS TO ALL AMERICANS
  67. GREAT LEAP FORWARD
    REFORM PROGRAM DESIGNED TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL AND INDUSTRIAL OUTPUTS
  68. CULTURAL REVOLUTION
    SOCIAL REFORM MOVEMENT THAT PUSH FOR PEOPLE TO ACCEPT COMMUNISM
  69. MAO ZEDONG
    INSTITUTED THE GREAT LEAP FORWARD AND THE CULTURAL REVOLUTION
  70. KOREAN WAR
    A BATTLE BETWEEN NORTHERN COMMUNIST KOREA AND SOUTHERN DEMOCRATIC KOREA; CHINA SUPPORTED THE NORTH WITH TROOPS AND SUPPLIES WHILE TYHE UNITED STATES DID THE SAME FOR THE SOUTH
  71. THE WARSAW PACT
    DEDICATED TO THE SECURITY OF COMMUNIST COUNTRIES IN EASTERN EUROPE AND ASIA
  72. DENTENTE
    AMERICAN STRATEGY TO RESTRAIN THE SOVIETS THROUGH DIPLOMATIC AGREEMENTS
  73. EUROPEAN COAL AND STEEL COMMUNITY
    INSTITUTED FREE TRADE THROUGHOUT ALL OF EUROPE IN ORDER TO SPUR ECONOMIC GROWTH
  74. PARLIMENTARY DEMOCRACY
    A DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT WITH A PRIME MINISTER; JAPAN CONSTRUCTED ONE AFTER WORLD WAR 2
  75. COMMUNES
    MAO ZEDONG CREATED THESE IN ORDER TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL OUTPUTS
  76. KHMER ROUGE
    COMMUNIST GROUP IN CAMBODIA RESPONSIBLE FOR COMMITTING GENOCIDE
  77. ARMS RACE
    THE ARMS RACE WAS TERRIFYING BECAUSE THE BOMBS WERE MORE POWERFUL THAN EVER BEFORE; THE UNITED STATES AND SOVIET UNION ALSO CREATED SOME MANY, A WAR WOULD DESTROY THE WORLD
  78. RED SCARE
    THE FEAR OF COMMUNIST IN AMERICA
  79. THE MARSHALL PLAN
    THE UNITED STATES OFFERED ASSISTANCE TO WAR-TORN EUROPEAN NATIONS

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