anatomy

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Author:
nethers-1944
ID:
8522
Filename:
anatomy
Updated:
2010-03-01 20:34:39
Tags:
skull positioning
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Description:
skull positioning
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  1. PA Caldwell
    (Moified Caldwell)
    • OML perpendicular
    • 15˚ caudad
    • modified- 25˚-30˚ caudad
    • -exits at nasion (for mandible exit at junction of lips)
  2. PA
    • OML perpendicular
    • 0˚- exits glabella (mandible exits at junction of lips)
  3. AP Towne
    • OML perpendicular- 30˚ caudad
    • IOML perpendicular- 37˚ caudad
    • -exits 2 1/2" above glabella
  4. lateral
    • MSP parallel to IR
    • interpupillary line perpendicular it IR
    • IOML perpendicular to cassette
    • 0˚- exits 2 1/2" above EAM (btwn glabella and inion)
  5. SMV
    • IOML parallel to CR
    • perpendicular to IOML- exits 1 1/2" below mandibular symphysis
    • (btwn gonions)
  6. Haas
    • OML perpendicular to IR
    • 25˚ cephalad- exits 1 1/2" above nasion
  7. Waters
    (modified waters)
    • MML perpendicular to IR
    • Modified- LML perpendicular (never for sinuses only facial)
    • 0˚- exit at acanthion
  8. temporomandibular joint mvnt
    • synovial
    • bicondylar, plane
  9. alveoli and roots of teeth
    • fibrous
    • gomphosis
  10. bones of orbits
    • SLEPFMZ
    • *sphenoid, lacrimal, ethmoid, palatine, frontal, maxilla, zygoma
  11. facial bones
    • 2 maxillae
    • 2 zygomatic
    • 2 lacrimal
    • 2 nasal
    • 2 inferior nasal conchae
    • 2 palatine
    • 1 vomer
    • 1 mandible
  12. sinuses
    • 2 maxillary
    • 2 frontal
    • 2 ethmoid
    • 1-2 sphenoid
  13. processes of maxilla
    • frontal
    • zygomatic
    • alveolar
    • palatine
  14. superior and middle nasal conchae
    ethmoid
  15. inferior nasal conchae
    facial bones
  16. symphysis pubis
    anterior part of mandible
  17. coronoid process
    u shaped notch on the mandible
  18. frontal sinuses
    located between inner and outer tables of the skull posterior to the glabella
  19. ethmoid
    in lateral masses of labyrinths
  20. sphenoid
    directly posterior to sella turcica
  21. optic foramen
    a small hole in the spheniod bone that is located posteriorly at the apex of the cone shaped orbit
  22. superior orbital fissure
    opening between greater and lesser wing of sphenoid bone
  23. inferior orbital fissure
    between the maxilla, the zygomatic bone, and greater wing of the sphenoid
  24. sphenoid strut
    small root of bone that seperates the superior orbital fissure from optic canal
  25. blowout fracture
    fracture of the floor of the orbit cause by an object striking the eyes straight on
  26. tripod fracture
    blow to the cheek that fractures the zygoma in 3 places

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