Middle East

The flashcards below were created by user Anonymous on FreezingBlue Flashcards.

  1. histadrut
    • Federation of Jewish Labor
    • to promote Jewish trade unionism
    • influence on ideology of Israel
  2. White Paper
    • Bases for policy of Palestine, by British
    • Jewish nationality did not extend to Palestineans, in Israel
  3. Chaim Weizmann
    • Zionist Leader
    • First President of Israel
  4. kibbutzim
    • collective agricultural settlements
    • all property belongs to the community
    • responsibilities are shared
    • symbol of the cooperative communal order that many early zionists hoped for Palestine.
  5. Mohammad Amin al-Husayni
    • Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
    • Opposed British to secure the independence of Palestine as an Arab state
    • Led violent riots opposing the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine
  6. Supreme Muslim Council
    • Highest body in charge of Muslim community affairs in Mandate Palestine under British
    • control.
    • Established to create an advisory of Muslims and Christians for High Commissioner to consult.
    • In charge of Muslim, religious things; waqf and sharia courts
  7. World Zionist Organization
    • Central administrative organ of the Zionist movement with committees to give movement direction
    • Objective = creation of Jewish homeland in Palestine
    • United Nations Special Committee on Palestine
    • To investigate conditions in Palestine
    • Recommended termination of British mandate and granting independence to Palestine
  9. Jewish Agency
    • pre-state Jewish authority before the establishment of Israel, in Palestine
    • Managed banking systems o health care adn immigrant settlement
  10. David Ben Gurion
    • First Prime Minister of Israel and a Zionist leader
    • Lead Israel to victory in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
    • Helped build the state institutions and oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world
  11. Menachem Begin
    • Sixth Prime Minister of Israel
    • Founded Likud Party = Right Wing Party
    • Before independence, leader of the Zionist militant Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization
    • Proclaimed a revolt, on February 1, 1944, against the British mandatory government, opposed by the Jewish Agency.
    • Played a significant role in Jewish resistance against the British control in the waning years of the mandate, leading the more militant
    • faction within Zionism.
  12. Great Revolt of 1936-39
    • Nationalist uprising by Arabs in Mandate Palestine against British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration
    • First, directed by the urban and elitist Higher Arab Committee (HAC) and was focused around strikes and political protest
    • Second, violent and peasant-led resistance movement that increasingly targeted British forces
  13. UN Resolution 242
    • aftermath of the Six Day War.
    • "inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security."
    • Justice and Peace in the Middle East
  14. Law of Return
    • Foundational principle of Israel
    • Gave every Jew in the world the right to immigrate to Israel
    • Introduced many complications
  15. Likud Party
    • Major right-wing political party in Israel
    • Founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin
  16. June 1967 war
    • Six Day War
    • Fought by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
    • Israeli victory = Israel took control of Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and Golan Heights from Syria.
  17. al-Fatah
    • Major Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a multi-party confederation. In Palestinian politics it is on the left-wing of the spectrum; it is mainly nationalist, although not predominantly socialist
    • For complete liberation of Palestine
  18. Yasir Arafat
    A founder of al-Fatah and chairman of the PLO
  19. PLO
    • Palestine Liberation Organization
    • political and paramilitary organization
    • considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991
    • PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected "violence and terrorism"; in response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people
  20. Black September
    • A month when Hashemite King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the militancy of Palestinian organizations and restore his monarchy's rule over the country.
    • The violence resulted in the deaths of thousands of people, the vast majority Palestinian.
    • Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 with the expulsion of the Palestine Liberation Organisation and thousands of Palestinian fighters to Lebanon.
Card Set
Middle East
May 11th, 2011
Show Answers