Jewish nationality did not extend to Palestineans, in Israel
First President of Israel
collective agricultural settlements
all property belongs to the community
responsibilities are shared
symbol of the cooperative communal order that many early zionists hoped for Palestine.
Mohammad Amin al-Husayni
Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
Opposed British to secure the independence of Palestine as an Arab state
Led violent riots opposing the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine
Supreme Muslim Council
Highest body in charge of Muslim community affairs in Mandate Palestine under British
Established to create an advisory of Muslims and Christians for High Commissioner to consult.
In charge of Muslim, religious things; waqf and sharia courts
World Zionist Organization
Central administrative organ of the Zionist movement with committees to give movement direction
Objective = creation of Jewish homeland in Palestine
United Nations Special Committee on Palestine
To investigate conditions in Palestine
Recommended termination of British mandate and granting independence to Palestine
pre-state Jewish authority before the establishment of Israel, in Palestine
Managed banking systems o health care adn immigrant settlement
David Ben Gurion
First Prime Minister of Israel and a Zionist leader
Lead Israel to victory in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
Helped build the state institutions and oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world
Sixth Prime Minister of Israel
Founded Likud Party = Right Wing Party
Before independence, leader of the Zionist militant Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization
Proclaimed a revolt, on February 1, 1944, against the British mandatory government, opposed by the Jewish Agency.
Played a significant role in Jewish resistance against the British control in the waning years of the mandate, leading the more militant
faction within Zionism.
Great Revolt of 1936-39
Nationalist uprising by Arabs in Mandate Palestine against British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration
First, directed by the urban and elitist Higher Arab Committee (HAC) and was focused around strikes and political protest
Second, violent and peasant-led resistance movement that increasingly targeted British forces
UN Resolution 242
aftermath of the Six Day War.
"inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security."
Justice and Peace in the Middle East
Law of Return
Foundational principle of Israel
Gave every Jew in the world the right to immigrate to Israel
Introduced many complications
Major right-wing political party in Israel
Founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin
June 1967 war
Six Day War
Fought by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
Israeli victory = Israel took control of Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and Golan Heights from Syria.
Major Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a multi-party confederation. In Palestinian politics it is on the left-wing of the spectrum; it is mainly nationalist, although not predominantly socialist
For complete liberation of Palestine
A founder of al-Fatah and chairman of the PLO
Palestine Liberation Organization
political and paramilitary organization
considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991
PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected "violence and terrorism"; in response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people
A month when Hashemite King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the militancy of Palestinian organizations and restore his monarchy's rule over the country.
The violence resulted in the deaths of thousands of people, the vast majority Palestinian.
Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 with the expulsion of the Palestine Liberation Organisation and thousands of Palestinian fighters to Lebanon.