Middle East

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  1. histadrut
    • Federation of Jewish Labor
    • to promote Jewish trade unionism
    • influence on ideology of Israel
  2. White Paper
    • Bases for policy of Palestine, by British
    • Jewish nationality did not extend to Palestineans, in Israel
  3. Chaim Weizmann
    • Zionist Leader
    • First President of Israel
  4. kibbutzim
    • collective agricultural settlements
    • all property belongs to the community
    • responsibilities are shared
    • symbol of the cooperative communal order that many early zionists hoped for Palestine.
  5. Mohammad Amin al-Husayni
    • Palestinian Arab nationalist and Muslim leader in the British Mandate of Palestine
    • Opposed British to secure the independence of Palestine as an Arab state
    • Led violent riots opposing the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine
  6. Supreme Muslim Council
    • Highest body in charge of Muslim community affairs in Mandate Palestine under British
    • control.
    • Established to create an advisory of Muslims and Christians for High Commissioner to consult.
    • In charge of Muslim, religious things; waqf and sharia courts
  7. World Zionist Organization
    • Central administrative organ of the Zionist movement with committees to give movement direction
    • Objective = creation of Jewish homeland in Palestine
  8. UNSCOP
    • United Nations Special Committee on Palestine
    • To investigate conditions in Palestine
    • Recommended termination of British mandate and granting independence to Palestine
  9. Jewish Agency
    • pre-state Jewish authority before the establishment of Israel, in Palestine
    • Managed banking systems o health care adn immigrant settlement
  10. David Ben Gurion
    • First Prime Minister of Israel and a Zionist leader
    • Lead Israel to victory in the 1948 Arab-Israeli War
    • Helped build the state institutions and oversaw the absorption of vast numbers of Jews from all over the world
  11. Menachem Begin
    • Sixth Prime Minister of Israel
    • Founded Likud Party = Right Wing Party
    • Before independence, leader of the Zionist militant Revisionist breakaway from the larger Jewish paramilitary organization
    • Proclaimed a revolt, on February 1, 1944, against the British mandatory government, opposed by the Jewish Agency.
    • Played a significant role in Jewish resistance against the British control in the waning years of the mandate, leading the more militant
    • faction within Zionism.
  12. Great Revolt of 1936-39
    • Nationalist uprising by Arabs in Mandate Palestine against British colonial rule and mass Jewish immigration
    • First, directed by the urban and elitist Higher Arab Committee (HAC) and was focused around strikes and political protest
    • Second, violent and peasant-led resistance movement that increasingly targeted British forces
  13. UN Resolution 242
    • aftermath of the Six Day War.
    • "inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by war and the need to work for a just and lasting peace in the Middle East in which every State in the area can live in security."
    • Justice and Peace in the Middle East
  14. Law of Return
    • Foundational principle of Israel
    • Gave every Jew in the world the right to immigrate to Israel
    • Introduced many complications
  15. Likud Party
    • Major right-wing political party in Israel
    • Founded in 1973 by Menachem Begin
  16. June 1967 war
    • Six Day War
    • Fought by Israel and the neighboring states of Egypt, Jordan, and Syria.
    • Israeli victory = Israel took control of Gaza Strip and Sinai Peninsula from Egypt, West Bank and East Jerusalem from Jordan, and Golan Heights from Syria.
  17. al-Fatah
    • Major Palestinian political party and the largest faction of the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO), a multi-party confederation. In Palestinian politics it is on the left-wing of the spectrum; it is mainly nationalist, although not predominantly socialist
    • For complete liberation of Palestine
  18. Yasir Arafat
    A founder of al-Fatah and chairman of the PLO
  19. PLO
    • Palestine Liberation Organization
    • political and paramilitary organization
    • considered by the United States and Israel to be a terrorist organization until the Madrid Conference in 1991
    • PLO recognized Israel's right to exist in peace, accepted UN Security Council resolutions 242 and 338, and rejected "violence and terrorism"; in response, Israel officially recognized the PLO as the representative of the Palestinian people
  20. Black September
    • A month when Hashemite King Hussein of Jordan moved to quash the militancy of Palestinian organizations and restore his monarchy's rule over the country.
    • The violence resulted in the deaths of thousands of people, the vast majority Palestinian.
    • Armed conflict lasted until July 1971 with the expulsion of the Palestine Liberation Organisation and thousands of Palestinian fighters to Lebanon.
Author
ID
85228
Card Set
Middle East
Description
May 11th, 2011
Updated
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