Conducting chs. 1-5

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lima
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8523
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Conducting chs. 1-5
Updated:
2010-03-10 01:54:24
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conducting instrument
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Massive study guide for conducting class
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  1. Piccolo
    • It: flauto piccolo, ottavino
    • Ge: kleine Flote
    • Fr: petite flûte
  2. flute
    • flauto
    • Flote, grosse Flote
    • flûte
  3. oboe
    • oboe
    • Oboe, Hoboe
    • hautbois
  4. English Horn
    • Corno Inglese
    • Englisch Horn
    • cor anglais
  5. clarinet
    • clarinetto
    • Klarinette
    • clarinette
  6. bass clarinet
    • clarinetto basso
    • Bassklarinette
    • clarinette basse
  7. bassoon
    • fagotto
    • Fagott
    • basson
  8. contrabassoon
    • contrafagotto
    • Kontrafagott
    • contre-basson
  9. saxophone
    • sassofone
    • Saxophon
    • saxophone
  10. horn
    • corno
    • Horn
    • cor
  11. trumpet
    • tromba
    • Trompete
    • trompette
  12. cornet
    • cornetto
    • Kornett
    • cornet à piston
  13. Fluegelhorn
    • flicorno
    • Bugle
    • bugle
  14. trombone
    • trombone
    • Posaune
    • trombone
  15. euphonium
    • baritone saxhorn
    • Baryton
    • basse à pistons
  16. tuba
    • tuba di basso
    • Basstuba
    • tuba basse
  17. timpani
    • timpani
    • Pauken
    • timbales
  18. xylophone
    • silofone
    • Sylophon
    • sylophone
  19. marimba
    • marimba
    • Marimba
    • marimba
  20. glockenspiel
    • campanelli
    • Glockenspiel
    • jeu de timbres, carillon
  21. vibraphone
    • vibrafono
    • Vibraphon
    • vibraphone
  22. bells, chimes
    • campane
    • Glocken
    • cloches
  23. snare drum
    • tamburo
    • kleine Trommel
    • tambour, caisse claire
  24. field drum
    • tamburo
    • Ruhrtrommel
    • tambour
  25. bass drum
    • (gran) cassa
    • grosse Trommel
    • grosse caisse
  26. cymbals
    • piatti
    • Becken
    • cymbales
  27. suspended cymbal
    • piatto sospeso
    • hangendes Becken
    • cymbale suspendé
  28. gong, tam-tam
    • tam-tam
    • "
    • "
  29. triangle
    • triangolo
    • Triangel
    • triangle
  30. tambourine
    • tamburino
    • Schellentrommel, Tambourin
    • tambour (de Basque)
  31. castanets
    • gastagnette
    • Kastagnetten
    • castagnettes
  32. rattle, ratchet
    • raganella
    • Ratsche
    • crécelle
  33. wood block
    • cassa di legno
    • Holzkaste
    • bloc de bois
  34. cowbells
    • campanelli di bacca
    • Heerdenglocken
    • grelots de vaches
  35. sleighbells
    • sonaglia
    • Schellen
    • grelots
  36. slapstick or whip
    • frusta
    • Peitsche
    • fouret
  37. celesta
    • "
    • "
    • "
  38. harp
    • arpa
    • Harfe
    • harpe
  39. violin
    • violino
    • Violine
    • violon
  40. viola
    • viola
    • Bratsche
    • alto
  41. violoncello, cello
    • contrabasso
    • Kontrabass
    • contrebasse
  42. am Steg
    at the bridge of a stringed instrument
  43. an dem Griffbrett
    play stringed instruments on the fingerboard
  44. a punto d'arco
    with the point of the bow
  45. archet
    with the bow
  46. arco
    with the bow
  47. bogen
    with the bow
  48. corda
    string
  49. détaché
    each note bowed separately, played broadly
  50. fr., frog
    to be played near the frog
  51. jeté
    thrown bow (flying staccato)
  52. legno
    wood
  53. col legno
    with the stick of the bow
  54. L.h.
    lower half of the bow
  55. M
    middle of the bow
  56. pizzicato
    pluck string with fingers
  57. ponticello
    light tone, sounding upper partials by bowing near the bridge of a stringed instrument
  58. P., Point
    To be played near the point of the bow
  59. saltando
    bounce the bow off the string, using short, quick bow strokes
  60. scordatura
    special tuning of a stringed instrument
  61. spiccato
    a light, bouncing bow movement
  62. spitze
    point of the bow
  63. sul
    on (as in sul D, on the D string)
  64. sulla tastiera
    on the fingerboard
  65. sul tasto
    on the fingerboard
  66. sur la touche
    on the fingerboard
  67. sur la chevalet
    bow close to the bridge
  68. sur une corde
    play on the string
  69. Down bow
  70. Up bow
  71. U.H.
    Upper half of the bow
  72. W.B.
    whole bow

  73. bowed tremolo
    very fast separate strokes on the same pitch, near the point for soft dynamics and near the middle for louder dynamics
  74. détaché
    (noteheads have short line above or below them)
    played with separate bows; in a very rapid détaché, the bow bounces from the string
  75. fingered tremolo
    played like a trill, for intervals larger than a whole step. Played with left-hand fingers and a single bow
  76. artificial harmonic (diamond notehead over regular notehead)
    Lower note stopped by first finger, upper by third or fourth finger
  77. natural harmonic (diamond notehead)
    string is touched lightly at the point indicated by the diamond-shaped note, thus dividing the string and producing a natural overtone
  78. glissando (gliss.) (either a slur over a fast chromatic scale down or up, or two notes connected by a straight line with or without the word "gliss.")
    slide

  79. louré
    notes under slur are played with one bow direction. Bow pressure is released slightly to make a subtle articulation of each tone.
  80. heavy accent with clear separation between notes

  81. portamento (text shortens the line so it is closer to the end note, not near the first.)
    smooth, short slide to a note

  82. Left hand pizzicato
    string is plucked with the fingers of the left hand

  83. ricochet
    Bow moves in one direction for each slur and bounces for each note (actually two or more spiccatos with one bow direction)
  84. slur
    bow moves smoothly in one direction while left-hand fingers change the notes
  85. slurred staccato
    played in one bow, stopping between notes to articulate
  86. spring bow arpeggio
    (obvious staccato arpeggio, but slurred)
    bow bounces across the strings, playing each string in sequence

  87. spiccato
    Bouncing bow. Bow leaves string between notes.
  88. Trill (little "tr" symbol)
    a rapid alternation to the half step or whole step above the note.
  89. Transposition: C piccolo
    sounds octave higher
  90. Transposition: English horn
    P5 lower
  91. Transposition: E-flat clarinet
    m3 higher
  92. Transposition: B-flat clarinet
    M2 lower
  93. Transposition:A clarinet
    m3 lower
  94. Transposition:Alto clarinet
    M6 lower
  95. Transposition:Bass clarinet
    M9 lower
  96. Transposition:EE-flat contra-alto clarinet
    M6 plus octave lower
  97. Transposition:BB-flat contrabass clarinet
    M16 lower (2 octaves plus M2)
  98. Transposition: Contrabassoon
    Octave lower
  99. Transposition: Soprano saxophone
    M2 lower
  100. Transposition: Alto sax
    M6 lower
  101. Transposition: Tenor sax
    M9 lower
  102. Transposition: Baritone sax
    M6 plus octave lower
  103. Transposition: F horn
    P5 lower
  104. Transposition: C trumpet
    Concert pitch
  105. Transposition: B-flat trumpet
    M2 lower
  106. Transposition: D trumpet
    M2 higher
  107. Transposition: B-flat piccolo trumpet
    m7 higher
  108. Transposition: String bass
    Octave lower
  109. Transposition:Celesta
    Octave higher
  110. Transposition: Orchestra bells
    two octaves higher
  111. four-beat pattern
    • 2-beat
    • This version for fast tempos
    • usually wrist motion
    • 2-beat
    • this version for staccato or marcato
    • remember to control the size of the rebound
    • 3rd 2-beat pattern
    • For slower, legato music
  112. 2-beat with loop
    Not usually for successive measures, but for extra weight or length on beat 2.
  113. Angular 3-beat pattern
  114. Rounded 3-beat
    • 3-beat with staccato
    • Travel makes a definite stop at ictus or after rebound therefrom, maybe use click beat.
    • 4-beat with legato
    • (picture not quite proportional; top should be taller)
  115. Classical pattern
    • Focal-plane
    • (curves not quite accurate, note description)
    • Each ictus in the same vertical plane, approx center of conducting area
    • Ictus indicated by change in speed of travel: speed up just before ictus, stop briefly on it.
    • Focal-point (expanded for visibility)
    • places each ictus on the juncture of the vertical and horizontal planes.
  116. Legato pattern with click beat
    • Modified classical style (not quite proportional; top should be higher)
    • Built on arches
    • Beat 1 lowest, beats 2 and 3 a bit higher, beat 4 a bit higher again.

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