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aniamal test katie clarno gwinnett county freshmen biology
A review for the freshmen biology animals test.
Animals are members of te kingdom _?
True or false. Animals are prokaryotic.
True or false. Animals are multicellular.
True or false. Animals are heterotrophs.
Invertabrates are animals that have _.
No backbones or vertebral columns
Animals carry out seven essential functions. What are they?
Feeding, respiration, circulation, excretion, response, movement, reproduction
All animals have some type of symmetry except for _.
What is radial symmetry?
Body parts radiate around the axis of tge body like a wheel
What is bilateral symmetry?
A single line of symmetry can divide the body into two parts
What is the anterior?
The front end
What is the posterior?
What is the dorsal side?
The upper side
What is the ventral side?
The lower side
What is cephalization?
Concentration of the sense organs and nerve cells at the anterior end of the body
What does porifera mean?
True or false. Sponges are the simplest of all animals.
_ or spongin provides support and defense.
How do sponges feed?
They are filter feeders.
What does sessile mean?
Attatched to surface
*sponges Are sessile as adults
Sponges can reproduce sexually (many are _.) or assexually by _ or fragmentation.
Sponges have no _ system.
Sponges are in the phylum _.
Stinging cell animals are in the phylum _.
Stinging cells are called _ and are found on _.
The two cell layers plus a jelly like layer is called the _.
What does the medusa form of a jelly fish look like?
Tenticles are hanging down
What does the polyp form of a jelly fish look like?
Tenticles are projected upward
Jelly fish have_ symmetry.
Jelly fish have a _ cavity.
Flatworms are in the phylum _.
Flatworms have three cell layers. What are they?
Ectoderm, mesoderm, and endoderm
Flatworms have _ symmety.
Flatworms use _ for movement.
Flatworms use flame cells to _.
Remove wastes and water
True or false. Flatworms are usually parasitic.
Roundworms are in the phylum _.
What is a psuedocoelom?
False body cavity
The thick outer covering on a roundworm is called a _.
Segmented worms are in the phylum _.
What is a coelom?
A body cavity
Segmented worms use a _ for grinding soil.
Segmented worms have _ or brissles for anchoring into thr soil.
Segmented worms exchange gases directly with their _.
Clams, oysters, snails, slugs, octopuses and squids are in thr phylum _.
Crabs, lobsters, spiders, scorpions, centipedes and insects are in the phylum _.
Starfish, sea urchins, sand dollars, brittle stars, and sea cucumbers are in the phylum _.
Mollusks have _ bodies made of three parTs.
The visceral mass contains most of the _.
The _ in mollusks covers the visceral mass and secretes the shell.
What are the three classes of mollusks?
Gastropods, bivalves, and cephalopods
Mollusks have _ symmetry.
The exoskeleton in arthropods is made of _.
Echinoderms have _ symmetry as adults.
Echinoderms have a _ vascular system.
Echinoderms move with _.
Echinoderm means _.
Jawless fish are in the class _.
Vertebrates are animals that have a _.
What are two examples of jawless fish?
Lamprey and hagfish
What are the most ancient fish?
_ fish have no appendages or jaws
Jawless fish are _.
Cartilage fish are in the class _.
Jawless fish have _ heart chambers.
Cartilage fish have _ heart chambers.
Examples of cartilage fish are _.
Sharks, skates, and rays
Cartlilage fish have _ bodies for fast swimming or flat bodies for hanging out near the bottom
Cartilage fish have small tooth like _.
Cartilage fish have rigia fins. What are rigia fins?
Fins that dont move
Cartilage fish have _ skeletons.
Bony fish belong to the class _.
Bony fish have _ heart chambers.
Examples of bony fish are_.
Bass, trout, catfish, eels, and seahorses
Bony fish have _ scales for covering
Amphibians belong to the class _.
What are some examples of amphibians?
Frogs, toads, newts, and salamanders
Amphibians have _ skin.
Amphibians' hearts have _ chambers.
Amphibians have _ lungs that evolved from a swim bladder.
Many amphibians go through _.
Many amphibians have _ feet, _ tails, no _, and some even have gills.
Webbed, flat, claws
Amphibians are _ blooded.
What does it mean to be cold blooded?
Body temperature changes with the environment
Reptiles are in the class _.
How many heart chambers do reptiles have?
Three or four
What are examples of reptiles?
Snakes, turtles, lizards, croccodiles, and aligators
Reptiles have _ skin.
Dry scaly and water proof
Reptiles lay _ eggs. Meaning they are not jelly like eggs like the ones fish and amphibians lay.
Reptiles need little _ to survive.
Reptiles are _ blooded.
Birds are in the class _.
Birds have _ heart chambers.
Birds evolved from _.
In birds, Their scales evolved into _.
Feathers allow birds to be _ blooded.
Birds lay _ eggs.
Mammals are in the class _.
Mammals have _ that allows them to be warm blooded.
Hair or fur
Mammals nurse their young with _ from _ glands.
Most mammals bear _ young.
_ are the most complex of all animals.
What are the three groups of mammals?
Monotreams, marsupials, and placentals
What are monotreams?
Mammals that lay eggs
What are marsupials?
Mammals with a pouch