Card Set Information
self identity personality
self id pers
cognitive representation of the self, the substance of self-conceptions
infant self recognition
being attentive and positive toward ones image in a mirrow appears as early as 3 months of age
infants mother puts a dot of rouge on the infants nose to see if infant touches nose. then infant is placed in front of mirror to see if it reacts to the dot on the nose
signs of self recognition appeared
confusion of self, mind, and body
young children confuse self, mind, and body. self is part of body
preschool: i know my abcs, i can count, i live in a big house. concrete observable features. 4 year olds: im not scared, im happy
i have blond hair and she has brown hair, i am taller, i have a bicycle
preschool children describe themselves in terms of activities such as play
unrealistic positive overestimations
i know all of my abcs when they dont. im never scared.
popular, nice, helpful, mean, smart, dumb
describe themselves as girl scouts, catholics, someone who has two close friends
what they can do in comparison with others
real self and ideal self
distinguish between their real and ideal selves
self evaluations become more realistic
the ability to assume other peoples perspectives and understand their thoughts and feelings
abstract and idealistic thinking
i am a human being. i am indecisive, i dont know who i am" and "i am a naturally sensitive person who really cares about peoples feelings, i think im pretty good looking"
global evaluations of the self
domain specific evaluations of the self: academic, athletic, appearance
preschoolers :learning how to resist temptation and giving themselves instructions that keep them focused
increases in early adulthood and into middle adulthood
erikson & identity
identity vs identity confusion- adolecents are faced with deciding who they are, what they are all about, and where they are going in life. they face many choices.
the gap between childhood security and adul autonomy. society leaves free of responsibilities and free to try out different identities.
status of individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments. undecided about occupational and ideological choices, they show little interest
status of individuals who have made a commitment but have not experienced a crisis. parents hand down commitments to adolescents in authoritarian way.
status of individuals who are in the midst of a crisis but whose commitments are absent of vaguely defined.
status of individuals who have undergone a crisis and made a commitment