ch 11

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  1. self understanding
    cognitive representation of the self, the substance of self-conceptions
  2. infant self recognition
    being attentive and positive toward ones image in a mirrow appears as early as 3 months of age
  3. mirror technique
    infants mother puts a dot of rouge on the infants nose to see if infant touches nose. then infant is placed in front of mirror to see if it reacts to the dot on the nose
  4. signs of self recognition appeared
    15-18months old
  5. confusion of self, mind, and body
    young children confuse self, mind, and body. self is part of body
  6. concrete descriptions
    preschool: i know my abcs, i can count, i live in a big house. concrete observable features. 4 year olds: im not scared, im happy
  7. physical descriptions
    i have blond hair and she has brown hair, i am taller, i have a bicycle
  8. active descriptions
    preschool children describe themselves in terms of activities such as play
  9. unrealistic positive overestimations
    i know all of my abcs when they dont. im never scared.
  10. psychological characteristics
    popular, nice, helpful, mean, smart, dumb
  11. social descriptions
    describe themselves as girl scouts, catholics, someone who has two close friends
  12. social comparison
    what they can do in comparison with others
  13. real self and ideal self
    distinguish between their real and ideal selves
  14. realistic
    self evaluations become more realistic
  15. perspective taking
    the ability to assume other peoples perspectives and understand their thoughts and feelings
  16. abstract and idealistic thinking
    i am a human being. i am indecisive, i dont know who i am" and "i am a naturally sensitive person who really cares about peoples feelings, i think im pretty good looking"
  17. self esteem
    global evaluations of the self
  18. self concept
    domain specific evaluations of the self: academic, athletic, appearance
  19. self control
    • preschoolers :learning how to resist temptation and giving themselves instructions that keep them focused
    • increases in early adulthood and into middle adulthood
  20. erikson & identity
    identity vs identity confusion- adolecents are faced with deciding who they are, what they are all about, and where they are going in life. they face many choices.
  21. psychosocial moratorium
    the gap between childhood security and adul autonomy. society leaves free of responsibilities and free to try out different identities.
  22. identity diffusion
    status of individuals who have not yet experienced a crisis or made any commitments. undecided about occupational and ideological choices, they show little interest
  23. identity foreclosure
    status of individuals who have made a commitment but have not experienced a crisis. parents hand down commitments to adolescents in authoritarian way.
  24. identity moratorium
    status of individuals who are in the midst of a crisis but whose commitments are absent of vaguely defined.
  25. identity achievement
    status of individuals who have undergone a crisis and made a commitment
Card Set:
ch 11
2011-05-12 02:38:49
self identity personality

self id pers
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