Cranial Nerves S2M1

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  1. CN I
  2. CN II
  3. CN III
  4. CN IV
  5. CN V
  6. CN VI
  7. CN VII
  8. CN VIII
  9. CN IX
  10. CN X
  11. CN XI
  12. CN XII
  13. What is the only nerve that leaves on the dorsal aspect of the brainstem
    Trochlear (IV)
  14. What is the associated nuclei of the oculomotor (III) nerve
    • Oculomotor Nucleus
    • Edinger-Westphal Nucleus
  15. What is the associated nucleus of the Trochlear (IV) nerve
    Trochlear Nucleus
  16. What is the associated nuclei of the Trigeminal (V) nerve
    • Motor Nucleus of V
    • Principle Nucleus of V
    • Spinal (descending) Nucleus of V
    • Mesencephalic Nucleus
  17. What is the associated nucleus of Abducens (VI) nerve
    Abducens Nucleus
  18. What is the associated nucleus of the Facial (VII) nerve
    • Facial Nucleus
    • Superior Salivatory Nucleus
    • Nucleus Solitarius
  19. What is the associated nucleus of the Vestibulocochlear (VIII) nerve
    • Vestibular Nucleus
    • Cochlear Nucleus
  20. What is the associated nucleus of the Glossopharyngeal (IX) nerve
    • Nucleus Solitarius
    • Nucleus Ambiguus
    • Inferior Salivatory Nucleus
  21. What is the associated nucleus of the Vagus (X) nerve
    • Dorsal motor of Vagus
    • Nucleus Solitarius
    • Nucleus Ambiguus
  22. What is the associated nucleus of the Accessory (XI) nerve
    Accessory Nucleus
  23. What is the associated nucleus for the Hypoglossal (XII) nerve
    Hypoglossal Nucleus
  24. Where is the spinal nucleus of V
    Caudal medulla
  25. The Trochlear (IV) nerve innervates
    Superior oblique eye muscle
  26. Nerves from the mesencephlic nucleus innervate
    Appropriate bite
  27. Abducens Nuclei innervates
    Lateral rectus of the eye
  28. The Superior Salivatory nuclei of the facial nerve innervates
    Submandibular and Sublinguinal glands
  29. The solitary nucleus of of the facial nerve is used for
    Taste for the anterior 2/3 of the tongue
  30. Solitary Nuclei for the Glossopharyngeal nerve is used for
    Taste from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue
  31. Nucleus Ambiguus is associated with what structures
    • Stylopharyngeus muscle (helps with swallowing)
    • Uvula
    • Laryngeal & Pharyngeal muscles
  32. GSE
    • General Somatic Efferent
    • Motor fibers to skeletal, voluntary musculature
  33. GSA
    • General Somatic Afferent
    • Fibers that carry general sensation
  34. GVE
    • General Visceral Efferent
    • Motor fibers to smooth muscle, glands, viscera
  35. GVA
    • General Visceral Afferent
    • Fibers that carry visceral sensation
  36. BE/SVE
    • Branchial Efferent/Special Visceral Efferent
    • Motor fibers to skeletal, voluntary muscles that developed from branchial/pharyngeal arches
  37. SVA
    • Special Visceral Afferent
    • Taste, Smell
    • Developed from endoderm
  38. SSA
    • Special Sensory Afferent
    • Vision and Hearing
    • Developed from ectoderm
  39. Nuclei for III and IV are found
    In the midbrain
  40. Nuclei for V are found
    • Midbrain (Mesencephalic)
    • Pons (Principle sensory N. of V, and Motor N. of V)
    • Medulla (Spinal/Descending Nucleus of V)
  41. Nuclei of VI and motor of VII are found
    In the Pons
  42. Nuclei of VIII is found
    Spanning Pons and Medulla
  43. Nuclei for IX, X, and XII are found
    In the Medulla
  44. Nuclei of XI are found
    Cervical spinal cord
  45. In general where are the motor and sensory nuclei found in the brain stem
    • Motor medial
    • Sensory lateral
  46. Parasympathetic (GVE) are found only in what CN
    • III (constrict pupils)
    • VII (submandibular and sublinguinal glands)
    • IX (parotid gland)
    • X (abdominal organs, and bronchii)
  47. What are the associated ganglion of the nerves III, VII, IX, X
    • III - Ciliary
    • VII - Pterygopalatine and Submandibular
    • IX - Otic
    • X - Ganglion near visceral organs
  48. Olfactory nerve contains what modality
    SVA (taste and smell)
  49. Optic nerve has what modality
    SSA (vision and hearing)
  50. Oculomotor nerve has what modality
    • Oculomotor Nucleus (GSE)
    • Edinger-Westphal (GVE)
  51. Trochlear nerve has what modality
  52. Trochlear nerve palsy has what effects
    The eye on the same side as the injury is moved superiorly and rotated counter clockwise, due to the superior oblique muscle not functioning
  53. Abducens nerve has what modality
    GSE (motor to lateral rectus muscle)
  54. Abducens nerve palsy has what manifestation
    Affected eye is rotated medially
  55. Trigeminal V1 (opthalmic) has what modality
    GSA (sensory from upper face)
  56. Trigeminal V2 (maxillary) has what modality
    GSA (sensory from the middle of the face)
  57. Trigeminal V3 (mandibular) has what modality
    • GSA (sensory from chin)
    • BE (mastication)
  58. Trigeminal Neuralgia
    • Sensory disorder of CN V
    • Sharp pains in face
    • Maxillary nerve is the most frequent
  59. Facial nerve (VII) has what modalities
    • Facial Nuclei BE (facial expressions)
    • Superior salivatory Nuclei GVE (salivation)
    • Solitary Nuclei SVA (taste ant. 2/3)
    • and all other modalities
  60. Bells palsy
    • Paralysis to facial muscles on ipsilateral side due to damage to the facial nerve
    • The lesion is typically beyond the stylomastoid foramen
  61. Lesions to the motor nucleus of V or its fibers would result in
    • Ipsilateral atrophy of the muscles of mastication
    • Jaw will deviate toward the side of the lesion due to weakend pterygoid muscles
  62. CN VIII has what modalities
    SSA (hearing and equilibrium)
  63. CN IX Glossopharyngeal nerve has what modalities
    • Nucleus Ambiguus BE (stylopharyngeus)
    • Inferior Salivatory GVE (parotid gland)
    • Solitary Nuclei SVA (taste post. 1/3 of tongue)
    • and all other modalities
  64. CN X has what modalities
    • Dorsal motor nucleus of Vagus GVE
    • Nucleus Ambiguus BE (uvula)
    • Solitary Nuclei SVA (taste on epiglottis)
    • and all other modalities
  65. Damage to the vagus nerve will cause the Uvula to move how
    It will deviate to the opposite side of the lesion due to the intact muscles pulling to their side
  66. CN XI has what modality
  67. CN XII has what modality
    GSE (Movement of tongue)
  68. A lesion to the hypoglossal nerve (XII) will cause what defect
    Tongue deviates toward the side of the lesion
  69. Which cranial nerves don't have bilateral innervation
    CN XII Innervation to tongue protrusion, and another division of VII that innervates muscles of the lower face.
  70. What nerve innervates the superior oblique muscle
    Trochlear (IV) via GSE
  71. What nerve innervates the lateral rectus muscle
    Abducens (VI) via GSE
  72. What nerve innervates the sternocleidomastoid and trapezius muscles
    Accessory (XI) via SVE/BE
  73. What nerve innervates the hyoglossus, palatoglossus, genioglossus, styloglossus, and intrinsic muscles of the tongue
    Hypoglossal (XII) via GSE
  74. What nerve innervates most of the muscles of the eye as well as the sphincter pupillae for constriction, and the ciliary.
    Oculomotor (III) via GSE and GVE
  75. What nerve innervates the dilator pupillae and eye vessels
    Trigeminal (V1) via GVE (sym)
  76. What nerve innervates sensory to the eyes
    Trigeminal (V1) Via GSA
  77. What nerve innervates the glands of the palate, pharynx, and nose
    Trigeminal (V2) via GVE
  78. What nerve innervates the taste of the anterior 2/3 of the tongue
    • Trigeminal (V3) via SVA
    • Facial (VII) via SVA
  79. What nerve innervates the Parotid gland
    Glossopharyngeal (CN IX) GVE
  80. What nerve innervates the stylopharyngeus muscle
    Glossopharyngeal (IX) via SVE/BE
  81. Facial expressions are innervated by what modality and nerve
    Facial (VII) via SVE/BE
  82. What nerve innervates taste and touch from the posterior 1/3 of the tongue
    Glossopharyngeal (IX) via GVA and SVA
  83. What nerve innervates almost all of the muscles of the palate, pharynx, and all of the muscles of the larynx
    Vagus (X) via SVE/BE
  84. What nerve innervates taste from the epiglottis
    Vagus (X) via SVA
Card Set:
Cranial Nerves S2M1
2011-08-11 13:51:04
Ross S2M1

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