Psych Disorders-drugs

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  1. Barbiturates and
    - Both have a depressing effect on the central nervous system

    - Barbiturates- initial period of excitement that is followed by slurred speech and motor functions

    • -Physical and psychological dependence
    • -Three types of abuse:
    • 1. chronic
    • (prescriptions)
    • 2. episodic
    • (orally)
    • 3. Intraveneous
    • (injected)
  2. Opiads /
    • -Morphine and heroine (derived from morphine)
    • 1) Natural synthetic substances that act on the body similarly to opium poppy
    • - Heroin best known--referred to as narcotics - Natural Opiods: endorphins, dymorphins, and enkephalins

    • 2) Intoxication- drowsiness and slurred speech, impairment
    • -Both sedative and analgesic effects, that are short-acting.
    • 3) Withdrawal- depressed mood, nausea, muscle aches, sweating, diarrhea, fever
  3. Cocaine
    • 1) Grown naturally from coco bush;
    • - Local anesthetic and a stimulant to the central nervous system
    • - Crack is synthesized from cocaine and is easily vaporized for inhalation.
    • * Crack is a very effective gateway drug because it is cheap, effective, and produces dependence quickly.

    • 2) Intoxication- abnormal heart beat, dilation of pupils, elevated blood pressure
    • -Cocaine: intoxication starts with euphoria by stimulating release of dopamine.
    • *Most derivative of dopamine…will really truly feel like orgasm
    • 3) Withdrawal- fatigue, unpleasant dreams, increased appetite
  4. Amphetamines
    • -Stimulant to the psychomotor senses; significant effects on cardiovascular and nervous system
    • *Chemically different from cocaine but similar in their effect, by increasing sensitivity of the norepinephrine and dopamine receptors.
    • -Intoxication: Suppresses appetite, improves mood, increases ability to concentrate and focus attention.

    *Meth remains in the body longer and is less expensive than cocaine.

    -Examples: speed, crystal meth-
  5. Hallucinogens
    • - Act on the central nervous system to produce alterations of consciousness
    • * affect the sensory processing centers in the brain.
    • - Change perception of both internal and external world
    • - Dependence is less likely and withdrawal is not an issue, but long-term perceptual disorders occur.
    • *Associated with onset of schizophrenia
    • -Example: LSD & STP
  6. Phyncyclidines
    • -Dissociative aesthetic: Makes person feel detached from their environment
    • -Example: angel dust, crystal- swallowed, sniffed or injected
  7. Inhalants
    • - Volatile substances of organic solvents such as gasoline, glue, lighter fluid, paints
    • - Virtually the only way to use these is by inhaling to get a high
  8. Cannabis
    • -Gives feelings of high- inappropriate laughter, grandiosity, lethargy and then impairment
    • -Example: Marijuana,
Card Set
Psych Disorders-drugs
Drug addiction cards for psych disorders at Cov. Sem.
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