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2011-05-11 22:49:45
Early United States History Annexation Texas Civil War

Early United States History Final
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  1. Foreign Slave Banned (1808)
    • Ban of importation of slaves
    • Does not stop domestic slave trade
    • Spurs domestic slave trade
    • People trading between colonies
    • Because slaves free to north?harsh slave codes:
    • Did not allow them to be citizens
    • Own property
  2. Cotton Boom
    • Crop suitable to slave economies
    • More labor
    • Increased demand of slave
  3. Missouri Compromise
    • Give the slave states domination in any purely sectional disputes
    • Territory north of the southern boundary of Missouri, except Missouri, would be free, and the territory below that line would be slave.
  4. Three-Fifths Clause
    Three-Fifths of the slave population counted.
  5. Louisiana Purchase
    Louisiana entered as a slave state, its slavery already established in the territory
  6. Trail of Tears
    • Federal govt. passing legislative moving groups west to reservations and out of mid-west and southern states so white settlers can live there
    • Federal govt. sneaky:
    • Talked to parts of population and made treaties with them
  7. Ordinance of 1787
    Prohibiting the importation of slaves into the Old Northwest and into the federal territories of the Old Southwest
  8. Black code
    Barred all blacks and persons of mixed race from entering the state unless they could prove they are free
  9. National Republicans
    • Strong federal govt.
    • Regulated export economy
    • When it came to commerce, they supported tariff (tax to protect internal trading and national subsidy transport)
  10. Jacksonian Democrats
    • Anti-govt.
    • Believed east had too much control
    • Wanted to:
    • Shift power to the presidency
    • Dissolve National Bank
    • Remove Indians from East
  11. North
    • Bad soil
    • More import and export (took crops from south and exported)
    • More factory-based in manufacturing
    • Industrial
    • Bigger cities
    • More adapted
    • Import/export economy
    • Immigrants from Europe flood in North --> New York
    • Goes from rural to urban society
    • Commercial industry was about making stuff
  12. South
    • Cash crops
    • Smaller cities
    • Didn't urbanize as quickly as the north
    • Sent cotton to north
    • Slaveholding declines progressively
    • Atlantic slave trade is over
    • Slavery is still a commercial venture (buying and selling people)
    • People who had a lot of land (slaveholders) got rich
    • Less-developed infrastructure
  13. North (economy)
    • Places were as complicit in slave economy
    • Luxury goods in Philly and New York
  14. South (economy)
    • Less-developed
    • More dependent on the north than vice-versa
  15. Monroe Doctrine
    The desire to avoid entaglement in European wars
  16. Whigs
    • Anti-Jackson
    • from urban north east
    • oppose Jackson and his democracy
    • oppose expansion
    • oppose political corruption
    • oppose expansion
    • support strong government
  17. National Bank and detractors
    • Formed on the east coast
    • Democrats want to dissolve it
  18. Manifest Destiny
    • Given by God to move west
    • Document and treaties all about this
    • Indians land should be taken
    • they are not fit but whites are
    • art and more cultural representation of Americans is based on the idea of the "west"
    • America's greatness would rest in this new land and what could be produced in it
  19. Nativism
    • Anti-immigrant
    • Had a lot of Irish-Catholic immigrants
    • Founding fathers were Protestants
    • Middle class condescension
    • Another level of class discrimination
    • Catholic and Irish voted Democrat
    • Played freeman against Catholic/Irish immigrants and are the competition for jobs
  20. Texas
    • Mexican govt. had an up and down policy about slavery
    • a lot of people from south were moving to Texas to take up land
    • thought Austin should be a slave state
  21. Texas Republic 1836
    wanted to be annexed as a state
  22. Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo
    • 1848
    • Everything north and west of the Rio Grande River is US territory (New Mexico, Utah, California, part of Wyoming)
    • US had a huge amount of Mexican land
  23. Fugitive Slave Act of 1850
    • Same clauses where if one had come to free state could run away and don't have to be taken back
    • Every case heard by judge, if a slave was not declared free he would get $10-->If free = $5
    • Legal precedent set by pro-slavery southerners
    • Brought slave issue ever near to conflict
  24. Wilmot Proviso
    To preserve western lands for white settlement
  25. Kansas-Nebraska Act
    • Carved the Kansas Territory out of the larger Nebraska Territory
    • Increased support for northern antislavery politicians
  26. *Total War
    • Tear and destroy everything down
    • Destroy society in south
    • CSA destroyed and would have to have unconditional surrender
  27. *Northern South Kentucky - COOPERATIONISTS
    • Remain in Union but wanted to compromise on the issue of slavery
    • April 12, 1861 at Fort Sumter: Fighting begins
    • Wanted to settle with the south and not destroy it
  28. *Confiscation Act
    • July 1862
    • Any area "engaged in rebellion against the U.S.," slaves will be forever free there
    • All slaves in south are free
    • No slavery in western territories
  29. *Emancipation Proclamation
    • January 1, 1863
    • All slaves are free in the country
    • Jacksonian Democracy: govt. has no right
    • Black regiments that forms in the Union army
    • Democrats (Irish, Catholic) = angry that slaves are freed
    • With the draft: if rich, $300=someone else stands for you
    • CSA has no right to hold slaves in their area
  30. A. The Civil War
    • Origins of Civil War:
    • Missouri Compromise - issue of sectionalism and states' rights
    • Annexation of Texas
    • Foreign Slave Trade was banned - harsh slave codes to slaves freed to north,does not stop domestic slave trade
    • Dred Scott case - declared defense of slavery is the law of line and are pure property
    • Stono Rebellion - blacks robbed stores od weaponry and killed many whites
    • Fugitive Slave Act - instead of beingtaken back, sent to court to be declared free ($5) or slave ($10)
    • Confiscation Act - any area "engaged in rebellion against US." slaves forever free there
    • Manufactured from Manifest destiny, expansion - given by God to move west

    • South:
    • Social - didn't urbanize as fast as the north, slavery=high and low class no middle class
    • Economic - not everyone rich, money from farming (agriculture), needed slaves for agriculture
    • Political -
    • Cultural - cultural society
    • Aim in war - wanted to keep slavery

    • North:
    • Social - urbanized fast
    • Economic - factories, textiles, import/export trrade, industrial
    • Political -
    • Cultural -
    • Aim in war - keep Union together, then changed to destroying south and reunify the Union
  31. B. Annexation of Texas and Westward Expansion
    • Complicated by concerns of slavery
    • Controversial = Congress approved annexation of Texas as a territory with a simple majority vote approval instead of annexing the land by Treat
    • Texas leading to Civil War: Arguing whether it should be a slave state or not
    • Turning point in slavery - if slavery was policy in Texas, it should be a policy in states after Texas
    • Westward Expansion: Crowded in the east
    • Manifest Destiny
    • Legislation: Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo - everything north and west of Rio Grande River is US territory