Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones

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Author:
enger91
ID:
85363
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Reactions of Aldehydes and Ketones
Updated:
2011-05-11 23:47:31
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aldehyde ketone organic chemistry
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University of MN Twin Cities, CHEM 2302
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  1. R-MgBr + H-CHO + H3O+->
    primary alcohol + 1C
  2. R-MgBr + R-CHO + H3O+->
    secondary alcohol
  3. R-MgBr + ketone + H3O+->
    tertiary alcohol
  4. aldehyde or ketone + HCN/KCN (aq)->
    cyanohydrin (R-(HO)-C-(CN)-R)
  5. aldehyde or ketone --> cyanohydrin
    HCN/KCN (aq)
  6. cyanohydrin + LiAlH4->
    amino acid (R-(OH)-C-(CH2NH2)-R)
  7. cyanohydrin + boil, H3O+->
    hydroxy acid (R-(HO)-C-(COOH)-R)
  8. aldehyde or ketone + H2O->
    hydrate (R-(OH)-C-(OH)-R)
  9. cyanohydrin --> amino acid
    LiAlH4
  10. cyanohydrin --> hydroxy acid
    boil, H3O+
  11. aldehyde or ketone --> hydrate
    H2O
  12. aldehyde or ketone + alcohol ->
    acetal (R-(R-O)-C-(O-R)-R)
  13. aldehyde or ketone + ? --> acetal
    alcohol
  14. ketone + ethane-1,2-diol ->
    R-C(O-O)-R
  15. aldehyde --> primary alcohol
    (three answers)
    • NaBH4
    • raney Ni, NaOH, heat
    • LiAlH4
  16. aldehyde + NaBH4->
    primary alcohol
  17. aldehyde + raney Ni, NaOH, heat->
    primary alcohol
  18. aldehyde + LiAlH4->
    primary alcohol
  19. ketone --> secondary alcohol
    (three answers)
    • NaBH4
    • raney Ni, NaOH, heat
    • LiAlH4
  20. ketone + NaBH4->
    secondary alcohol
  21. ketone + raney Ni, NaOH, heat->
    secondary alcohol
  22. ketone + LiAlH4->
    secondary alcohol
  23. aldehyde or ketone + amide ->
    imine ((R)2-C=N-R)
  24. aldehyde --> acid
    (three answers)
    • O2
    • Ag2O, H2O
    • Na2Cr2O7, conc H2SO4
  25. aldehyde + O2->
    acid
  26. aldehyde + Ag2O, H2O->
    acid
  27. aldehyde + Na2Cr2O7, conc H2SO4->
    acid
  28. aldehyde or ketone --> alkene
    • 1) triphenyl phosphine
    • 2) primary alkyl halide
    • 3) butyl lithium
  29. Wittig Reaction
    aldehyde or ketone + 1) triphenyl phosphine 2) primary alkyl halide 3) butyl lithium -> alkene
  30. aldehyde or ketone + 1) triphenyl phosphine 2) primary alkyl halide 3) butyl lithium ->
    alkene
  31. R-CHO + NH2NH2, OH-, heat->
    R-CH3
  32. R-CHO --> R-CH3
    NH2NH2, OH-, heat

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