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2010-02-28 21:59:39
lecture 1

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  1. What is a stressor
    • Situation Triggering physical and emotional responce
    • Example : Test, wedding
  2. What is an stress ?
    • Response we get from reactions accompanied by stress response.
    • Example of stress response: increased heart rate
  3. what are the two systems in our body responsible for response to stressor?
    • Nervous system
    • Endocrine system
  4. Name parts of the nervous system:
    • Brain
    • Spinal cord
    • Nerves
  5. what are the two branches of nerves?
    • Autonamic ( non. voulantary ; digestion and heart rate)
    • Somatic ( voluntary; controls motor functions ; Muscle movements)
  6. what are the two branches of Autonamic system?
    • Parasympethatic ( relaxed state)
    • Sympethatic ( emergency; commands for stopping energy )
    • These two systems working alternatively cause fight and flight reactions
  7. What are some hormones released by sympethatic nervous system?
    • Cortisol ( released by cortex of adrenal gland)
    • Epinephrine ( released by medulla )
    • these two hormones working together increase heart rate, help vision and hearing become more acute and increase sugar release to blood
  8. What is one function of endophrine?
    Blocks pain
  9. What is homeostatis?
    state of stability in the body
  10. What are some emotional and behavioural responses to Stressor?
    • These responses vary from person to person
    • common emotional response include anxiety , depression and fear
    • determined by personality and temperment
    • there can be effective and ineffective responses to stress
    • ways to cope can be learned
  11. What is personality?
    Sum of behavioural, cognative and emotional tendencies
  12. What are three types of personality? define them
    • Type A: controlling , competitive, impatient and hostile
    • Type B: less hurried and frustrated and more tolerant
    • Type C: hopeless, difficulty expressing themselves
  13. What is hardiness and what are some benefits associated with it?
    Hardiness is a degree of optimism, hardy people have a less intense reaction to stress and are more commited to their task and see stressor as a potential challange and opportunity for growth.
  14. What is resilance?
    • this charecteristic is associated with social and academic sucess.
    • there are three different categories:
    • Nonreactive: person does not react to stressor
    • Homeostatic: person reacts strongly but returns to baseline
    • positive growth: person learns and grows from stress
  15. What is general adaptation syndrome? what are the three stages?
    • Predictable response to all stressonrs ( pattern of stress response)
    • Alarm: events brought on by fight, flight reaction
    • Resistance: body developes a new level of homeostatis
    • Exhustion: if several exhustion occur in succession there will be general exhustion
  16. what is eustress and what is distress?
    • eustress triggered by pleasant stressor
    • distress triggered by unpleasant stressor
  17. psuchoneuroimmunology:
    Study of interaction of nervous, endocrine and immune system.
  18. What are some psychological problems caused by stress?
    • Depression
    • Anxiety
    • Eating disorders
    • Post trumatic syndrome disorder
  19. What are some common sources of stress?
    • Major life changes
    • Daily hassel
    • College stressor
    • Job
    • Social
  20. What are some ways to manage stress?
    • Social support
    • Communication ( express feeling)
    • Exercise
    • Nutrition
    • Sleep
    • Time management