Humangeo ch1-3

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  1. Study of the interactions between societies and the natural environments
    Cultural ecology
  2. Human-modified natural landscape with particular culture or society
    Cultural landscape
  3. Interaction between the earth's physical systems and processes on global scale
    Earth system science
  4. Intersection between human and physical geography
    Environmental geography
  5. One of the first cartographers
  6. Cresent- shaped area fertile land along the east Mediterranean coast
    Fertile crescent
  7. Computer tools used to analyze geographic data
    Geographical information systems
  8. Set satellites used to help determine location with a portable electronic
  9. Unique facts or characteristics of a particular place
  10. First description of the extent to which natural systems had been impacted by human actions
    George perkins marsh
  11. Physical landscape or environment that has not been affected by human
    Natural landscape
  12. Rules that can be applied universally
  13. Four distinct traditions
    1 earth science
    2 culture environment
    3 locational tradition
    4 area analysis tradition
    Wd pattison
  14. Structure processes distributions and change through time
    Physical geography
  15. Included maps containing a grid system of latitude and longitude
  16. Data with humanistic approach to geography; observations
    Qualitative data
  17. Mathematical models and statistical techniques
    Quantitative data
  18. Mathematical models and statistical techniques
    Quantitatice revolution
  19. Many places that share similar attributes
  20. Observation and mathematical measurements using aircraft and satellites
    Remote sensing
  21. Feelings by people as a result of experience with another place
    Sense of place
  22. Particular locations, how and why that is where it and how it is spatially related
    Spatial perspective
  23. Using earth's resources that provide for peoples needs without ruining earths ability to provide for future generations
  24. Study of earths integrated systems
    Systematic geography
  25. Individual maps- overlaid on GIS to understand and analyze spatial relationship
    Thematic layers
  26. Area exists as part of cultural identity
    Vernacular region
  27. Map porjection- plane is most developable surface
    azimuthal projections
  28. outer edge of city- describes area of city's hinterland that depends on city for retail
    breaking point
  29. map that uses tones or colors
    choropleth map
  30. image of a portion of the earth's surface-creates in his/hre mind
    cognitive map
  31. actual or potential relationship between two places
  32. economic,social,cultural or political connection of 2 places
  33. spread of disease innovation or cultrual traits through direct contact
    contagious diffusion
  34. standard grid used to determine absolute location
    coordinate system
  35. decrease in interaction between 2 phenomenta, places or people, as distance between them increases
    distance decay effect
  36. spread of ideas innovations or fashion through contact
    expansion diffusion
  37. measure of how much absolute distance affects the interaction between 2 places
    friction of distance
  38. map projection that maintains accurate size/shape but rerranges direction- no cardinal directions
    fuller projection
  39. actual shape of the earth-slightly squashed
  40. formula to describe level of interaction w/2 places basede on size
    gravity model
  41. diffusion that is transmitted because 2 places have something in common
    hierarchical diffusion
  42. map line that connects points of equal or very similar values
    isoline map
  43. law- states people willl be drawn to largercities for wider influence on hinterland
    law of retail gravitation
  44. amount of social cultural or economic connectivity between 2 places
    relative distance
  45. diffusion of ideas innovations behaviours through migration
    relocation diffusion
  46. technological innovatoins cultural trends or outbreaks of disease, travel
    spatial diffusion
  47. one culture's trait prompts invention or innovation in another
    stimulus diffusion
  48. map that shows 1+ varianbles witthin specific area
    thematic map
  49. idea that distance between places is shrinking
    time space convergence
  50. maps that use isoline(links lines of similar values) to represent elevation
    topographic map
  51. amount of connectivity between places
    topological space
  52. costs involved in moving goods
  53. use of software to create computer maps(some are 3d)
  54. cylindrical map to preserve direction
    mercator projection
  55. largest number of people that the environment of a particular area can sustainably support
    carrying capacity
  56. small county subdivisions
    census tract
  57. migration for family
    chain migration
  58. number of deaths per thousand children- age five and younger
    child mortality rade
  59. population group unifiied by characteristic
  60. sequence of demographic changes in which a country moves from high birth and death rates to low birth and death rates through time
    Demograhpic transition model
  61. study of human populations
  62. ratio of unemplyed (age wise)to employed
    dependency ratio
  63. .growth when fixed percentage of people are added to population each year
    exponential growth
  64. percentage of children who die before first birthday in particular area
    infant mortality rate
  65. pop grows at an exponential rate while food production increases arithmetically; pop growth would outpace food production
    thomas malthus theory
  66. number of death per thousand of women giving birth
    maternal mortality rate
  67. difference between number of births and deaths in particular country
    natural increase rate
  68. ratio of pop to area of cropland
    physiological density
  69. measurement of # of persons per unit land area
    population density
  70. model used in pop geo to show age and sex distribution
    population pyramid
  71. refugees
    people who leave home b/c forced out
  72. ohio michigan pennsylvania' northern industrial states of USA
    rust belt
  73. southeastern/western states- grown since WW II
    sun belt
  74. Average number of children born to a woman during her childbearing years
    total fertility rate
  75. proposal to end pop growth through variety of official planning programs
    zero population growth
Card Set
Humangeo ch1-3
human geography
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