LING 102 Part 4

Card Set Information

LING 102 Part 4
2011-05-12 05:36:49

Ch. 9
Show Answers:

  1. Holophrastic Stage
    • (Holo- ‘complete’, -phrastic- from‘phrase’)
    • [One word stage] Children first words usually emerge around age 1.
    • The first words are usually familiar objects in their world. These words could also be abstract, yet simple concepts, such as ‘more’.
  2. Undersextesion
    • (child uses words that are to narrow) the child associates the word with a smaller set
    • of meanings or objects that the term has in adult grammar.
    • For example, a child may use the word ‘car’ referring to only his own toy car and not the vehicle
    • that his parents drive.
  3. Overextension
    • (child uses words that are too broad) Also know as overgeneralization, have the opposite effect. Children overgeneralize a word by associating it with a broader range of meanings than the term has in adult language. For example, if ‘doggie’ in a child’s lexicon refers to all 4 legged animals, then
    • sheep, horse, lion, etc. will also be called ‘doggie’ by that child.
  4. What are the differences between acquiring and learning a language?
    Children acquire their first language.

    • Subconscious process
    • Unaware of the properties of the language
    • Through communication

    We learn our second language.

    • Conscious process
    • Taught the properties of the language
  5. What are the features of the different stages of language development?
    0-5 months cooing

    5-12 months babbling

    1 year one-word stage

    18 months -2 years two-word stage

    2+ years telegraphic speech

    6 years adult language
  6. 3 different theories of language development and their main arguments
    Empiricist: language is learned through environmental stimulus and behavior response.

    Nativist: Innate(natural) linguistic knowledge.

    Constructive: proposes that children acquire language by exposure to their linguistic environment, and in a piece-meal fashion.
  7. What is critical period hypothesis ?
    Lennenberg (1967) suggested that language can be developed fully, only if it is learned before puberty.