SOC 100 Final Part 2.txt

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ralejo
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85408
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SOC 100 Final Part 2.txt
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2011-05-12 06:35:54
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Sociology Final
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Sociology 100 Final
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  1. According to Max Weber, power is defined as
    The ability to achieve desired ends, despite resistance from others
  2. Max Weber claimed that the main difference between power and authority is that
    People typically view authority as legitimate rather than coercive
  3. Modern societies, including the United States, rely mostly on which type of authority?
    Rational-legal authority
  4. In which type of political system does power reside in the hands of the people as a whole?
    Democracy
  5. When sociologists use the term "political economy," they are referring to
    The fact that the political and economic systems are linked
  6. The claim that societies are democratic typically is based on the fact that
    These societies meet the basic economic needs of everyone
  7. Which type of government concentrates all power in one place and rigidly regulates people's lives?
    A totalitarian government
  8. In the 2004, U.S. presidential election, about what share of registered voters actually cast a vote?
    About 60 percent
  9. The Marxist political-economy model suggests that
    An antidemocratic bias is built into the capitalist system
  10. Which war resulted in the highest loss of life to the American people?
    The Civil War
  11. Which of the following is true about collective behavior?
    • It usually involves a large number of people
    • It is often spontaneous
    • It is often controversial
  12. Which of the following is a good example of a collectivity?
    Excited soccer fans throwing bottles as they leave a stadium
  13. A mob differs from a riot in that the mob
    Typically has a clear objective
  14. Which theory says that "crowds can make people go crazy"?
    Contagion theory
  15. When sociologists speak of "mass behavior," they have in mind
    People taking part in a riot or mob
  16. Which of the following is an example of a technological disaster?
    The radiation leak from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
  17. Hula hoops, streaking, and collecting Pokémon cards are all examples of
    Fads
  18. Deprivation theory explains that social movements arise among people who
    Believe that they lack rights, income, or something else that they think they should have
  19. The claim that social movements cannot arise without factors such as effort, money, and leadership is made by which theory?
    Resource-mobilization theory
  20. The effect of gender on the operation of social movements in the United States is demonstrated by the fact that
    Men have usually taken leadership roles
  21. Demography is defined as the study of
    Human population
  22. Which region of the world has both the lowest birth rate and the lowest mortality rate?
    Europe
  23. Typically, high-income nations grow mostly from _____, and low-income nations grow from _____.
    Immigration; natural increase
  24. In general, the higher the average income of a country,
    The slower the population increases
  25. In the United States, urban decentralization has caused
    • The expansion of suburbs
    • The development of vast urban regions
    • The growth of edge cities
  26. Which tern was used by Ferdinand Tönnies to refer to a type of social organization in which people come together on the basis of individual self-interest?
    Gesellschaft
  27. The world's third urban revolution is not taking place in
    Low-income nations
  28. The environmental deficit refers to
    Long-term harm to the environment caused by a shortsighted focus on material affluence
  29. Which of the following statements reflects the "limits to growth" thesis?
    People are rapidly consuming Earth's finite resources
  30. Environmental racism is the idea that
    Environmental dangers are greatest for the poor and minorities

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