SOC 100 Final Part 2.txt
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According to Max Weber, power is defined as
The ability to achieve desired ends, despite resistance from others
Max Weber claimed that the main difference between power and authority is that
People typically view authority as legitimate rather than coercive
Modern societies, including the United States, rely mostly on which type of authority?
In which type of political system does power reside in the hands of the people as a whole?
When sociologists use the term "political economy," they are referring to
The fact that the political and economic systems are linked
The claim that societies are democratic typically is based on the fact that
These societies meet the basic economic needs of everyone
Which type of government concentrates all power in one place and rigidly regulates people's lives?
A totalitarian government
In the 2004, U.S. presidential election, about what share of registered voters actually cast a vote?
About 60 percent
The Marxist political-economy model suggests that
An antidemocratic bias is built into the capitalist system
Which war resulted in the highest loss of life to the American people?
The Civil War
Which of the following is true about collective behavior?
- It usually involves a large number of people
- It is often spontaneous
- It is often controversial
Which of the following is a good example of a collectivity?
Excited soccer fans throwing bottles as they leave a stadium
A mob differs from a riot in that the mob
Typically has a clear objective
Which theory says that "crowds can make people go crazy"?
When sociologists speak of "mass behavior," they have in mind
People taking part in a riot or mob
Which of the following is an example of a technological disaster?
The radiation leak from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant
Hula hoops, streaking, and collecting Pokémon cards are all examples of
Deprivation theory explains that social movements arise among people who
Believe that they lack rights, income, or something else that they think they should have
The claim that social movements cannot arise without factors such as effort, money, and leadership is made by which theory?
The effect of gender on the operation of social movements in the United States is demonstrated by the fact that
Men have usually taken leadership roles
Demography is defined as the study of
Which region of the world has both the lowest birth rate and the lowest mortality rate?
Typically, high-income nations grow mostly from _____, and low-income nations grow from _____.
Immigration; natural increase
In general, the higher the average income of a country,
The slower the population increases
In the United States, urban decentralization has caused
- The expansion of suburbs
- The development of vast urban regions
- The growth of edge cities
Which tern was used by Ferdinand Tönnies to refer to a type of social organization in which people come together on the basis of individual self-interest?
The world's third urban revolution is not taking place in
The environmental deficit refers to
Long-term harm to the environment caused by a shortsighted focus on material affluence
Which of the following statements reflects the "limits to growth" thesis?
People are rapidly consuming Earth's finite resources
Environmental racism is the idea that
Environmental dangers are greatest for the poor and minorities
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