WH chp 19
Card Set Information
WH chp 19
means living space, the building of a bigger Germany
who would be put into work building the 3rd reich?
what was created in March 1935? (2)
Luftwaffe and start of the military draft, 5x army, which violated the treaty of versailles
what is Luftwaffe?
What is Rhineland?
the DMZ between Germany and France
What policy does Chamberlain begin against Hitler?
if we let Hitlre do this, he won't go to war
What pact do Germany and Japan both sign?
what was the Anti-Comintern Pact against?
What does Hitler do in Prague in 1939?
ives a triumphant speech
who form the Rome-Berlin Axis?
Mussolini and Hitler
What does germany do on March 1936?
station troops in Rhineland
What did Hermany do in March 1938?
the german annexing of austria
what does germany do in Sept 1938?
occupies Sudetenland (Czechoslovakia)
What does germany do in March 1939?
take the rest of Czechoslovakia
What does germany do on Sept 1, 1939?
Hitlr signs non-aggression pact with USSR in exchange for control of what?
Wher does Japan move into?
allied controlled lands
what does US slap on Japan?
trade embargoes refusing to give Japan metal for weapons
Who plans the Pearl Harbor attack?
to attack and conquer quickly before the defending nation has time to regroup, used to confuse
What do the Germans go around to get France?
the Maginot Line
"Cash and Carry", and what?
"lend and lease"
How is France divided?
Southern 1/3=Vichy Regime under Marshal Philippe Petan
how long did Poland last against the blitzkreig
a wall built by France alnog the border of Germany
What happened in the Battle fo Britain?
GB attacks Berlin, German airforce bombs GB military and major cities, Hitler gives up
this german seige lasted 900 days, over 1 million starved
this German seige was when the Germans encircled and cut off, the biggest battle of the war, 6th army surrenders
What are Germans not prepared for in USSR?
the USSR used this, burning and retreating
When did Japan attack Pearl Harbor?
Dec 7, 1941
what causes the US citizens to ecome united in their thinking about war>
When theUS severely maims the Japanese Navy
Battle for Midway
the US only stoppen at Japanese islands of strategic value
"I shall return"
GB, USSR, US
the 'desert fox', defeated the British at El Alamein, Egypt for the Suez Canal
German General Erwin Rommel
Who is captured by Italians, but escapes, European theater
who continues to fight when the Italians surrender
the biggest invasion ever, within 3 months, water to land, amphibious, 2 million men and 1/2 million vehicles on Normandy beach
when was D-Day?
June 6, 1944
Allies meet up with siviets in Germany where?
where do the sooviets enter in April 1945?
where does Hitler commit suicide?
in a bunker 55ft under the city
who is killed by partisans?
built by Robert Oppenheimer, code name=Manhattan Project
dropped on Hiroshima
where is the second atomic bomb dropped?
how many died in Battle?
how many civilians died?
the Nazis were in desperate need of labor, so the used what?
who did the Nazis routinely round up for forced labor?
young men and political opponents
later=citizens of occupied nations
who were trying to escape forced labor
Who did Hitler want to rid the world of?
not ethnic Germans, including Jews and Slavs
who developed the final solution?
who carries out the final solution?
SS and death squads
composed of ordinary men who were told to kill Poles
Who did the Nazis use to organize Jews in each town?
Jewish organizations and leaders
small, blocked off areas where Jews were forced to live, severe shortages, deplorable conditions
What did the ews try to do in secret?
arry out normal life
originally set up to house political prisoners and forced laborers
routine deaths, threat of selections, barracks, starvation, bad hygiene, forced labor
all are located in Poland
the largest death camp
Who was the doctor for selection?
what came out of the shower heads?
where were bodies put?
creamated in ovens
how many Jews were killed?
how many gentiles were killed
name 5 of the gentile groups that were killed
these people helped the Jews in many ways, many suffered the same fate as Jews if they were caught, some issued Visas for Jews
who saved almost all of their Jews by ferry to sweeden?
where do many Jews move to with the blessing of the British
what do the Jews get after WWII?
what happened to many children because of the war?
what required more women to enter the workfoce?
who soon became targets in total war?
this country focused on military industy and not ood and housing
who were forced to work in industry, mines, and RR?
women and girls
the only country to use women in Battle
what did women serve as in the war?
snipers and on ircrews of bombers
what did the US do to 100,000 Japanese Americans on the West Coast?
who tripled armaments through total war mobilizaation?
this government kept close control of everything
traditional Japan women roles
texrile and farming
who were brought to work in Japanese factories?
what did the german Luftwaffe do to major cities every night for months, and where?
What bombs did GB use against Germany?
many died here due to radiation poisoning
the big 3 met to discuss the end of the war, they agree to a postwar partition of Germay
the big 3 met, stalin wants a buffer of communism, roosevelt wants self-determination, UN is established, free elections in Poland, germany must surrnder unconditionally
truman demands free elections, stalin is worried and is looking for security
churchill declares that this had fallen over Europe, beginning the Cold War
tribunals which tried war leaders for committing agressive war and criimes against humanity
War Crimes Trials
what trials were for the Nazis?
Name two countries tha had War Crimes Trials
Italy and Japan