3 Prefixes

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Author:
Crystelle
ID:
8575
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3 Prefixes
Updated:
2010-02-28 23:54:48
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crystelle med term prefixes
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Description:
prefixes for numbers, prefixes for colors, negative prefixes, prefixes for direction, prefixes for degree, prefixes for size and comparison, prefixes for time and/or position, prefixes for position
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  1. prim/i-

    primitive
    first

    occuring first in time
  2. mon/o

    monoclonal
    one

    describing a colony derived from one cell
  3. uni-

    unify
    one

    make two or more parts into one
  4. hemi-

    hemisphere
    half; one side

    one half of a rounded structure
  5. semi-

    semipermeable
    half; partial

    partially permeable
  6. bi-

    bisect
    two, twice

    cut into two parts
  7. di-

    diatomic
    two, twice

    having two atoms
  8. dipl/o

    diplococci
    double

    round bacteria that grow in groups of two
  9. tri-

    tricuspid
    three

    having three points or cusps
  10. quadr/i-

    quadriplegia
    four

    paralysis of all four limbs
  11. tetra-

    tetralogy
    four

    a group of four
  12. multi-

    multicellular
    many

    consisting of many cells
  13. poly-

    polymorphous
    many, much

    having many forms
  14. cyan/o-

    cyanosis
    blue

    bluish discoloration of the skin due to lack of oxygen
  15. erythr/o-

    erythema
    red

    redness of the skin
  16. leuk/o-

    leukocyte
    white, colorless

    white blood cell
  17. melan/o-

    melanin
    black, dark

    the dark pigment that colors the hair and skin
  18. xanth/o-

    xanthoma
    yellow

    yellow growth on the skin
  19. a-, an-

    anhydrous
    not, without, lack of, asence

    lacking water
  20. anti-

    antidote
    against

    substance produced by the body that counteracts a foreign material
  21. contra-

    contraindicated
    against, opposite

    against recommendations; not advisable
  22. de-

    decalcify
    down, without, removal, loss

    remove calcium from
  23. dis-

    dissect
    absence, removal, separation

    to separate tissues for anatomical study
  24. in-, im- (used before b, m, p)

    incontinent
    not

    not able to contain or control discharge of excretions
  25. non-

    noncontributory
    not

    not significant; not adding information to a medical diagnosis
  26. un-

    uncoordinated
    not

    not working together; not coordinated
  27. ab-

    abduct
    away from

    to move away from the midline
  28. ad-

    adduct
    toward; near

    to move toward the midline
  29. dia-

    diarrhea
    through

    frequent discharge of fluid fecal matter
  30. per-

    percutaneous
    through

    through the skin
  31. trans-

    transfusion
    through

    introduction of blood or blood components into the bloodstream
  32. hyper-

    hypertension
    over, excess, abnormally high, increased

    high blood pressure
  33. hypo-

    hypoglycemia
    under, below, abnormally low, decreased

    low blood sugar
  34. olig/o-

    oligospermia
    few, scanty

    abnormally low number of sperm cells in the semen
  35. pan-

    pandemic
    all

    disease affecting entire population
  36. super-

    supernumerary
    above, excess

    in excess number
  37. equi-

    eqilibrium
    equal, same

    a state of balance; state in which conditions remain the same
  38. eu-

    euthanasia
    true, good, easy, normal

    easy or painless death
  39. hetero-

    heterogeneous
    other, different, unequal

    composed of different materials; not uniform
  40. homo-, homeo-

    homograft
    same, unchanging

    tissue transplanted to another of the same species
  41. iso-

    isocellular
    equal, same

    composed of similar cells
  42. macro-

    macroscopic
    large, abnormally large

    large enough to be seen without a microscope
  43. mega-, megalo-

    megacolon
    large; abnormally large

    enlargement of the colon
  44. micro-

    microcyte
    small

    very small cell
  45. neo-

    neonate
    new

    a newborn infant
  46. normo-

    normvolemia
    normal

    normal blood volume
  47. ortho-

    orthodontics
    straight, correct, upright

    branch of dentistry concerned with correction and straightening of the teeth
  48. poikilo-

    poikilothermic
    varied; irregular

    having variable body temperature
  49. pseudo-

    pseudoplegia
    false

    false paralysis
  50. re-

    reflux
    again; back

    backward flow
  51. ante-

    antedate
    before

    to occur before the time of another event
  52. pre-

    prenatal
    before; in front of

    before birth
  53. pro-

    prodrome
    before; in front of

    symptom that precedes a disease
  54. post-

    postnasal
    after, behind

    behind the nose
  55. dextr/o-

    dextrogastria
    right

    displacement of the stomach to the right
  56. sinistr/o-

    sinistromanual
    left

    left-handed
  57. ec-, ecto-

    ectopic
    out; outside

    out of normal position
  58. ex/o-

    excise
    away from; outside

    to cut out
  59. end/o-

    endoderm
    in; within

    device for viewing the inside of a cavity or organ
  60. mes/o-

    mesencephalon
    middle

    middle portion of the brain; midbrain
  61. syn-, sym- (used before b, m, p)

    synapse
    together

    a junction between two nerve cells
  62. tel/e-, tel/o

    telophase
    end

    the last stage of a cell division

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