Psych

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Author:
nivanor
ID:
8576
Filename:
Psych
Updated:
2010-03-01 00:18:35
Tags:
general psychology
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Description:
Test 2 (Memory & Learning)
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  1. Memory
    The rentention of information or experience over time.
  2. Encoding
    The process by which information gets into memory storage
  3. Levers of Processing
    - refers to the idea that encoding occurs on a continuum from shallow to deep, with deeper processing producing better memory

    • Shallow level- sensory or physical features of stimuli are analyzed
    • Intermediate level- stimulus is recognized and given a label
    • Deepest level - info is processed semantically, in terms of its meaning.
  4. Elaboration
    the extensiveness of processing at any given level
  5. Storage
    ecompasses how information is retained over time and how it is represented in memory
  6. Atkinson-Shiffrin theory
    States thtat memory storage involves 3 seperate systems.

    • Sesnory memory - time frames of a fraction of a second to several seconds
    • Short term memory - Time frames up to 30 seconds
    • Long term memory - time frames up to a lifetime
  7. Echoic memory
    name given to auditory sensory memory
  8. Iconic memory
    name given to visual sensory memory
  9. Saccade
    fast movement of eyes
  10. Working memory
    a 3 part system that temporarily holds information as people perform cognitive tasks
  11. Explicit memory
    the conscious recollection of information, such as specific facts or events and, at least in humans, information that can be verbally communicated.
  12. Episodic memory
    the retention of information about the where, when, and what of lifes happenings.
  13. Semantic memory
    is the persons knowledge about the world

    i.e. knowledge about meanings of words, famous people, important places, and common things.
  14. Implicit memory
    memory in which behavior is affected by prior experience without a conscious recollection of that experience

    i.e. skills of playing a sport, or typing
  15. Procedural Memory
    involves memory for skill
  16. Priming
    is the activation of information that people already have in storage to help them remember new information better and faster.
  17. Flashbulb memory
    is the memory of emotionally significant events that people often recall with more accuracy and vivid imagery.
  18. Interference theory
    states that people forget not because memories are lost from storage but because other information gets in the way of what they want to remember.

    • -Proactive interference - occurs when material that was learned earlier disrupts the recall of material learned later.
    • -Retroactive interference - disrupts the retreval of information learned earlier
  19. Decay theory
    states that when somthing new is learned, a neurochemical "memory trace" is formed, but over time this trace tends to disintergrate.
  20. Mnemoica Strategies
    Method of loci: develop an image of items to be remembered and then store them mentally in familiar locations

    Keyword method: attach vivid imagery to important words.

    Acronyms: create a word from the first letter of items to be remembered.

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