Sociology Chapter 11 terms

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Sociology Chapter 11 terms
2011-05-14 19:17:40

From the book, Sociology The Core
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  1. arson
    The willful, malicious burning of a home, building, or vehicle.
  2. booster (heel)
    Professional shoplifter who steals with the intention of reselling stolen merchandise.
  3. burglary
    Entering a home by force, threat, or deception with intent to commit a crime.
  4. confidence game (con game)
    A swindle, often involving a get-rich-quick scheme, and often with illegal overtones so that the victim will be afraid or embarrassed to call the police.
  5. constructive possession
    A legal fiction that applies to situations in which persons voluntarily give up physical custody of their property but still retain legal ownership.
  6. embezzlement
    A type of larceny in which someone who is trusted with property fraudulently converts it to his or her own use or for the use of others.
  7. false pretenses (fraud)
    Misrepresenting a fact in a way that causes a deceived victim to give money or property to the offender.
  8. fence
    A buyer and seller of stolen merchandise.
  9. grand larceny
    Theft of money or property of substantial value, punished as a felony.
  10. larceny
    Taking for one's own use the property of another, by means other than force or threats on the victim or forcibly breaking into a person's home or workplace; theft.
  11. merchant privilege laws
    Legislation that protects retailers and their employees from lawsuits if they arrest and detain a suspected shoplifter on reasonable grounds.
  12. naive check forgers
    Amateurs who cash bad checks because of some financial crisis but have little identification with a criminal subculture.
  13. occasional criminals
    Offenders who do not define themselves by a criminal role or view themselves as committed career criminals.
  14. petit (petty) larceny
    Theft of a small amount of money or property, punished as a misdemeanor.
  15. professional criminals
    Offenders who make a significant portion of their income from crime.
  16. shoplifting
    The taking of goods from retail stores.
  17. situational inducement
    Short-term influence on a person's behavior, such as financial problems or peer pressure, which increases risk taking.
  18. snitch
    Amateur shoplifter who does not self-identify as a thief but who systematically steals merchandise for personal use.
  19. systematic forgers
    Professionals who make a living by passing bad checks.
  20. target hardening strategy
    Locking goods into place or using electronic tags and sensing devices as means of preventing shoplifting.
  21. target removal strategy
    Displaying dummy or disabled goods as a means of preventing shoplifting.