Sociology Chapter 13 terms

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amanipon
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85822
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Sociology Chapter 13 terms
Updated:
2011-05-14 19:19:04
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Sociology
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From the book, Sociology The Core
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  1. binge drinking
    Having five or more drinks on the same occasion (that is, at the same time or within a couple of hours of each other) on at least 1 day in the past 30 days.
  2. drug-dependent personality
    A personal trait characterized by a pervasive psychological dependence on mood-altering substances.
  3. e-hooking
    Using the Internet for purposes of prostitution in order to shield identities and contact clients.
  4. heavy drinking
    Having five or more drinks on the same occasion on each of 5 or more days in the past 30 days.
  5. moral entrepreneur
    A person who creates moral rules, which thus reflect the values of those in power, rather than any objective, universal standards of right and wrong.
  6. narcotic
    A drug that produces sleep and relieves pain, such as heroin, morphine, and opium; a habit-forming drug.
  7. obscenity
    Material that violates community standards of morality or decency and has no redeeming social value.
  8. paraphilia
    Bizarre or abnormal sexual practices that may involve nonhuman objects, humiliation, or children.
  9. pornography
    Sexually explicit books, magazines, films, and DVDs intended to provide sexual titillation and excitement for paying customers.
  10. Prohibition
    The period from 1919 until 1933, when the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution outlawed the sale of alcohol; also known as the noble experiment.
  11. prostitution
    The granting of nonmarital sexual access for remuneration.
  12. public order crime
    Behavior that is outlawed because it threatens the general well-being of society and challenges its accepted moral principles.
  13. social harm
    The injury caused to others by willful wrongful conduct.
  14. temperance movement
    The drive to prohibit the sale of alcohol in the United States, culminating in ratification of the Eighteenth Amendment in 1919.
  15. victimless crime
    Public order crime that violates the moral order but has no specific victim other than society as a whole.

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