Musicians MAT

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hope0827
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85829
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Musicians MAT
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2011-05-14 21:25:33
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Musicans MAT
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Musicians MAT
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  1. Louis Armstrong
    • American
    • Father of Jazz
    • Trumpet, scat singing, call and response
    • nickname:Satchmo
  2. Johann Sebstian Bach
    • German
    • Church musician, composer, teacher
    • Works:Mass in B minor; Little Fugue in G minor
  3. Bela Bartok
    • Hungarian
    • Neo-classical, nationalistic.
    • researched/revived Hungarian folk music; music for the people
    • Works:Mikrokosmos; Music for Strings; Percussion and Celesta
  4. Alban Berg
    • Austrian
    • Expressionist
    • Works:Wozzeck
  5. Hector Berlioz
    • French
    • compositions incorp. imagery/musical effects. Program music.
    • Works:Symphony Fantastique
  6. Leonard Bernstein
    • American
    • conductor, composer, educator, innovator.
    • composed for orchestras-Broadway shows-small ensembles
    • Works:Candide; West Side Story; Age of Anxiety
  7. Johannes Brahms
    • German
    • stubborn use of classical intent with romantic nuances
    • Works:Academic Festival Overture
  8. Benjamin Britten
    • England
    • composed patriotic music and operas
    • Works:Peter Grimes; Billy Budd
  9. Dave Brubeck
    • American
    • "Cool Jazz" innovator
    • classical style with swing and unusual meter combos
  10. Frederic Chopin
    • Polish
    • Composed miniatures for piano (poet of the piano)
  11. John Coltrane
    • American
    • Saxophonist-hard bop
    • composer, arranger, performer-forceful/full/dark sound
    • modal music (African/Asian mix)
    • Works:Giant Steps
  12. Aaron Copland
    • American
    • Neo-classical and nationalistic
    • jazz, rhythmic variety and folk songs.
    • Works:Rodeo; Billy the Kid; Appalachian Spring
  13. Arcangelo Corelli
    • Italian
    • Instrucmental music.
    • concerto grosso-string orchestra and a group of solo instrucments
  14. Basie Count
    • American
    • "stride" style of piano playing (comping with a bouncy flexible and syncopated style)
  15. Miles Davis
    • American
    • Trumpet player
    • Flexible performer of cool jazz, modal jazz, and rock-fusion
  16. Claude Debussy
    • French
    • musical impressionism
    • Works:Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun
  17. Segei Diaghilev
    • Russian
    • Russian ballet creator.
    • commissioned contemporary composers and choreographed ideas=modern dance beginnings
  18. Edward Kennedy Ellington
    (Duke)
    • American
    • Jazz pianist
    • big band leader/arranger.
    • innovated jazz piano and defined African American styles on the instruments
  19. Giovanni Gabrielli
    • Italian
    • Organist, teacher, and composer
    • art song: poem set to music
    • Works:Sonata Pian'e Forte
  20. George Gershwin
    • American
    • Nationalist who composed symphonic and jazz music as well as musicals. "American Sound"
    • Works:Rhapsody in Blue; Porgy and Bess
  21. Dizzy Gillespie
    • American
    • Trumpet Player, big band leader, composer, and performer.
    • melodic and high register playing
    • Works:A Night in Tunisia; Groovin' High
  22. Benny Goodman
    • American
    • Clarientist and big band leader
    • "King of Swing"
  23. George Frideric Handel
    • German
    • Oratorio, religious opera, voice, and orchestra
    • Works:Messiah
  24. Franz Joseph Haydn
    • Austrian
    • Esterhazy family employee
    • composer/performer, utilized symphonic form
    • Works:Symphony No. 94
  25. Paul Hindemith
    • German
    • Neo-classical composer.
    • influenced music education and composition
    • Works:Mathis der Maler; Gebrauchmusik
  26. Charles Ives
    • American
    • experimentalist who explored the possibilities of sound
    • combined melodies/hymns/patriotic tunes
    • Works:Decoration Day; The Circus Band
  27. Emile Jaques-Dalcroze
    • French
    • Music educator used eurhythmics-.physical response to music/ear training/improv to teach music.
  28. Scott Joplin
    • American
    • "King of Ragtime"
    • Works:Maple Leaf Rag
  29. Zoltan Kodaly
    • Hungarian
    • nationalistic themes and folksongs (music for all)
    • combo effort with Bartok
    • symbols/hand signals for music
    • Works:Harry Janos Suites
  30. Franz Liszt
    • Hungarian
    • Nationalist, symphonic poems, tone poems
    • Works:Hungarian Rhapsodies; Les Preludes
  31. Jean Baptiste Lully
    • Italian
    • worked in France.
    • comedy ballets, lyrical tragedies, overtures
  32. Gustav Mahler
    • Austrian
    • composer and conductor.
    • powerful and emotional symphonies influenced by folklore
    • Works:The Song of the Earth; Symphony No. 2 Ressurection
  33. Felix Mendelssohn
    • German
    • Conductor and composer
    • classical ideas but music conveyed romance
  34. Claudio Monteverdi
    • Italian
    • Choirmaster at St. Mark's Polyphonic church music, madrigals, and opera
    • Works:Orfeo
  35. Modest Moussorgsky
    • Russian
    • Nationalist who incorporated folk songs in compositions
    • Works:A Night on Bald Mountain; Pictures at an Exhibition
  36. Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
    • Austrain
    • worked in Vienna
    • child prodigy(natural gift)
    • composed, rhythmic/inventive works utilized melodic variety
    • Works:Don Giovanni; The Marriage of Figaro
  37. Carl Orff
    • German
    • developed percussion instruments to teach music to children
    • Works:Carmina Burana
  38. Giovanni Palestrina
    • Italian
    • composed motets and masses
  39. Charlie Parker
    • American
    • Jazz saxophonist, innovated "be-bop" jazz
    • nickname:The Bird
  40. Cole Porter
    • American
    • composed popular music, musical comedies, and theater
    • Works:Anything Goes
  41. Sergei Prokofiev
    • Russian
    • conservative whose compositions were influeneced by the Soviet power structure
    • Works:Peter and the Wolf
  42. Henry Purcell
    • English
    • composed opera and church music
    • melodist
    • Works:Dido and Aeneas
  43. Maurice Ravel
    • French
    • Nationalist-orchestrational skills
    • Works:Bolero; Daphnis and Cloe
  44. Alfred Reed
    • American
    • compser and arranger who influenced band music and education
  45. Nicolai Rimsky-Korsakov
    • Russian
    • Orchestrator, opera
    • Works:Sheherazade; Russian Easter Overture
  46. Gioachino Rossini
    • Italian
    • opera
  47. Arnold Schonbeg
    • Austrian
    • Expressionism; progressive and incorporated sprechstimme (speech voice)
    • Works:Pierrot Lunaire
  48. Franz Schubert
    • Austrian
    • melodic solo voice with piano
    • Works:Der Doppelganger; Morning Greeting
  49. Robert Schumann
    • German
    • Intellectual, critic, composer of art, songs and piano music
    • Works:Carnaval
  50. Heinrich Schutz
    • German
    • organist, composed opera and madrigals
    • Works:Orpheus and Euridice
  51. Dmitri Shostakovich
    • Russian
    • compositions were politically influenced
  52. Jean Sibelius
    • Finnish
    • Nationalist, composed folk music, tone poems, incidental music
    • Works:Finlandia (Finnish national anthem)
  53. Bessie Smith
    • American
    • "Empress of the Blues
    • powerful vocalist with expressive nature
    • influenced by folksongs
  54. John Philip Sousa
    • American
    • composer, band leader, popularized the march, patriotic songs, and band music.
    • Works:Stars and Stripes Forever
  55. Richard Strauss
    • German
    • compositions followed classical form with Romantic emotions. Realistic symphonic poems and opera
    • Works:Salome; Sprach Zarathustra
  56. Igor Stravinsky
    • Russian
    • Primitivism
    • Works:El Sacre du Printemps; Petrushka; The Firebird
  57. Shinichi Suzuki
    • Japan
    • Educator
    • mother-tongue method of education. Rote learning
  58. Peter Ilyich Tehaikovsky
    • Russian
    • romantic, combined Russian folk songs with German style
    • Works:Romeo and Juliet; The Nutcracker
  59. Giuseppe Verdi
    • Italian
    • Opera
    • Nationalist, used human emotion and drama
    • Works:Aida; Otello
  60. Ludwig van Beethoven
    • German
    • use of emotion and expressive human feelings, bridge to the Romantic Period
    • Works:Moonlight Sonata; Eroica; Fifth Symphony
  61. Antonio Vivaldi
    • Italian
    • Ordained priest
    • concerto grosso
    • Works:Four Seasons
  62. Richard Wagner
    • German
    • poet and musician, musical drama, innovated German opera
    • Works:Lohengrin; Tristan and Isolde

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