Microbiology viruses

Card Set Information

Author:
Jenmom2grls
ID:
85868
Filename:
Microbiology viruses
Updated:
2011-05-15 00:44:53
Tags:
microbiology viruses
Folders:

Description:
Microbiology final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Jenmom2grls on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Virus
    • not a true cell- no cell wall, membrane or cytoplasm
    • cell fragment or particle
    • obligate intracellular parasite
    • complete virus=viron
    • contain DNA or RNA, never both
    • capsid
    • envelope
    • shapes: helical, icosahedral, complex
  2. Adenovirus
    • common cold
    • upper resp. tract
    • conjctivitis, viral meningitis
    • resp. droplet
  3. Influenza
  4. upper resp. tract
    Jan-March
    Amantadine, Rimantidine
    Tamiflu, Relenza, Ribavirin
    vaccine
    rapid test for A&B
  5. Guillain-Barre syndrome
    • compication of flu/vaccine
    • nerve damage, parlysis, coma
  6. Reyes syndrome
    • complication from flu
    • fever, vomit, liver and brain damage, coma
    • 90% fatal
  7. Arbovirus
    • arthropod borne
    • arboviral encephalitis
    • to neurons and CNS
    • headche, fever, confusion, weakness
    • destroy nerve cells, brain damage, death
    • West nile virus
    • -bird, horse, human
    • LaCrosse, St. Louis
  8. HPV
    • warts
    • STD-cervial cancer
    • direct contact w/lesion
    • Tx: Cryotherapy, laser
  9. Herpes
    • I- oral lesions
    • II- genital lesions
    • via neurons to nerve ganglia
    • STDs, direct contact
    • Tx: Valtrex, Famvir, Zorvirax
    • baby: herpes encephalitis
    • cogenital fetal herpes-cross placenta
  10. Varicella zoster
    • same virus for Chicken pox and shingles
    • Varivax
    • Tx: Varicalla zoster immune globulin (VZIG)- chx pox
    • Tx: Valtrex, Famvir- shingles
    • Can get chx pox from shingles
    • Can't get shingles from shingles
  11. Rubella
    • German measles
    • pale pink rash: start on face, spread to body
    • cross placenta-damage fetus
    • -eyes, ears, heart, still birth, death
    • resp. drop/direct contact
    • MMR
    • TORCH
  12. Rubeola
    • Red measles
    • Koplik spots-red w/white grain-like centers on gumline
    • starts on head, spreads to trunk
    • resp. drop
    • MMR
  13. Mumps
    • Parotid glands
    • orchitis-male infertility
    • resp. drop
    • MMR
  14. Epstein-Barr
    • herpesvirus
    • causes mono
    • chronic fatigue
    • strep-secondary
    • swollen lymph nodes, sore throat, extreme fatigue, enlarged spleen
    • inflamed lymphatic tissue
    • enlarged liver-damage liver cells
    • Dx: CBC, monespot, symptoms
    • Burkitt lymphoma, Hodkin
  15. CMV
    • herpesvirus
    • flu-like
    • older kids and adults
    • severe in AIDS and immunocompromised
    • Trans: sheds in fluids
    • -saliva, blood, urine, breastmilk, semen
    • damage fetus: brain, hearing, vision
    • TORCH
  16. Rotavirus
    • young children
    • gastroenteritis
    • more in winter
    • fecal/oral
    • Dx: rapid tube from stool
    • Prevent: Rota Teq, Rotarix
    • -prevent/reduce severity
  17. Hepatitis A
    • "infectious" hepatitis
    • most common viral hep.
    • fecal/oral
    • Dx: liver fx tests-AST, ALT
    • vaccine for babies and travelers
    • immune globulin for exposure
  18. Hepatitis B
    • "serum hepatitis"
    • heterosexual sex, IV, tattoo, homosexual sex, IV drug use
    • Dx: HbsAg
    • HbcAg 4-6 weeks after
    • HBsAb (make sure immune)
    • vaccine
    • Tx: Alpha interferon
  19. Hepatitis C
    • Incubation 2 weeks to 6 months
    • IV drug use, tattoos
    • most common reason for liver transplant
    • Tx: interferon, ribivirin
    • No vaccine
  20. HIV
    • RNA virus
    • Stage 1 CD4>1000-symptomatic, fever, fash, nightsweats
    • Stage 2 CD4>1000-few symptoms, HIV +
    • Stage 3 CD4<600
    • Stage 4 CD4<200-ARC, neurologic, secondary inf and cancers
  21. HIV opportunistic infections
    • PCP pneumonia
    • CMS retinitis
    • cryptococcus neoformans
    • Karposi's sarcoma
    • TB
    • MAC
    • shingles
    • herpes
    • candidisis
  22. Infants get HIV in what 3 ways?
    What med is given?
    • in utero
    • during delivery
    • through breast milk

    give infant ZDV
  23. AIDS
    -dx
    -tx
    • dx: ELISA- HIV antibodies
    • -Wester Blot- confirmatory
    • tx: AZT, ZDV, interferon, protease inhibitors, reverse transcriptase inhibitors, fusion inhib., antibiotics for opportunistic infections

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview