Microbiology bacteria

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Jenmom2grls
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85873
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Microbiology bacteria
Updated:
2011-05-15 02:55:14
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microbiology bacteria
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Microbiology final
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  1. Capsules
    • Klebsiella pneumo
    • Haemophilus influenza
    • Step. pneumo
  2. Spores
    • Clostridium
    • Bacillus
  3. Meningitis
    • N. meningitis
    • S. pneumo
    • H. influenzae
    • S. agalactiae
  4. Strep pyogenes
    • Group A beta strep
    • pharyngitis, scarlet fever, tonsilitis, impetigo, strep throat
  5. Bordetella pertussis
    • whooping cough
    • highly contagious
    • paroxysms of coughing
    • DtaP
    • Dx: FA, Bordet-Gengou
  6. Strep pneumo
    • 90% of bacterial pneumonia
    • gram + lancet-shaped
    • Pneumovax
    • capsule
    • resistant to antibiotics developing
  7. Strep agalactiae
    • group B beta strep
    • resp. distress of newborn
    • septicemia and meningitis
    • -from vaginal flora of mother
  8. Atypical pneumonia list
    • M. pneumoniae
    • C. pneumoniae
    • Viral (adenovirus)
    • Legionella pneumophila
  9. Typical pneumonia list
    • S. pneumo
    • H. influenza
    • klebsiella pneumoniae
    • s. aureus
    • pseudomonas, serratia
  10. Mycoplasma pneum
    • smallest microorganism
    • primary atypical pneumonia
    • "walking pneumonia"
    • pleomorphic
    • obligate intracellular parasite
    • no WBC response
    • self-limited
    • Dx: Cold agglutinins test
    • Tx: tetracycline, Erythromycin
  11. Legionella neumophila
    • air conditioning system
    • 10 day incubation
    • smokers, immunocompromised
    • normal environmental bacteria
    • use chlorine to kill
  12. Chlamydial pneumonia
    • Chlamydophila pneumoniae
    • walking pneumonia-mild
    • young adults (college), baby
    • Tx: tetracycline, erythromycin
  13. Pseudomonas aeruginosa
    • pneumonia w/cystic fibrosis, burn patients
    • green pigment
    • resistant to antibiotics
    • normal intestinal flora, tap water
    • apportunistic
  14. Klebsiella pneumo
    • enteric gram - rod
    • tissue destruction, high mortality rate
    • alcoholics, diabetes, COPD
    • nosocomal
  15. Caused by chlamydia
    • Trachoma
    • Psittacosis
    • Chlamydiae pneumo
  16. Chlamydia trachomatis
    • 50% of NGU
    • Trachoma
    • eye conjuctivitis, scaring, blindness
    • hot, dry areas
    • direct contact with discharge
  17. Treponema pallidum
    • syphilis
    • STD- pharynx, rectum, lips
    • Dx: RPR, VDRL-screen
    • -FTA confirmatory
    • 1st stage- chancre
    • 2nd stage- lesions, rash
    • 3rd stage- nerologic, gummas
    • Tx: penicillin in 1st and 2nd stages
  18. Neisseria gonorrhoreae
    • fragile- can't live outside body
    • STD
    • males: gram-diplococci intracellular WBCs
    • -pussy drainage, pain on urination
    • females: symptomatic
    • -salpingitis, PID
    • Tx: ceftriazone
    • -infants: Erythromycin ointment
  19. Borrelia bugodorferi
    • Lyme disease
    • deer tick
    • stage 1- ECM Erythema chronicin migrans, bulls eye rash
    • stage 2- bells palsy, hearing, heart
    • stage 3- persistant lyme

    • Tx: tetracycline in stage 1&2
    • Dx: EIA -screen
    • -wester blot- confirmatory
  20. Salmonella
    • gram - rod
    • contaminated water, poultry, eggs, reptiles
    • can chronically infect gallbladder and other tissues
    • carrier state
    • usually not treat w/ antibiotics-become a carrier
  21. Shigella
    • S. dysenteriae- endotoxin
    • bloody mucousy diarrhea
    • causes dysentery and exototxin
    • destruction of nerve cells
    • highly infective- as few as 10 organisms to infect
    • seafodd, shellfish
    • Tx: ampicillin, bactrim
  22. Helicobacter pylori
    • Microaerophilic gram - rod
    • stomach ulcers
    • -neutralize acid-normal enzymes destroy tissue
    • urea breath test
  23. Vibrio cholerea
    • cholera
    • common-shaped rod w/flagellum
    • "rice-water stools"
  24. 0157:H7
    • E. coli
    • hemorrhagic colitis
    • -effects kidneys
    • raw hamburger
    • bloody stool, kill elderly
  25. Camplobacter
    • gull-winged gram - rod
    • capnophile jar 42 degrees
    • chickens
    • Tx: erythromycin
  26. Staph aureus
    • hospital-long-term respirator use
    • opportunistic
    • necrotizing pneumo
  27. Gardnerella vaginalis
    • bacterial vaginosis-overgrowht of flora
    • fish odor
    • Dx: clue cells on wet prep
    • Tx: Flagyl
  28. Psittacosis
    • Parrot fever
    • birds
    • resp. drop
    • mild to sever pneumonia
    • vascular damage
  29. Haemophilus ducreyi
    • chancroid
    • x factor
    • Dx: lesion
    • Tx: tetracyclin

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