Microbiology fungus

Card Set Information

Author:
Jenmom2grls
ID:
85875
Filename:
Microbiology fungus
Updated:
2011-05-15 02:53:59
Tags:
microbiology fungus
Folders:

Description:
Microbiology final
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user Jenmom2grls on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. Aspergillus fumigatus
    • Aspergillosis
    • soil, on decaying vegetation
    • wounds, burns, ext. ear, thrives in ear wax
    • can ulcerate eardrum-otomycosis
    • "farmer's lung"
    • Dx: fungus culture
    • Tx: Amphotericin B-IV
  2. Cryptococcosis neoformans
    • Systemic
    • Cryptococcosis
    • Budding encpsulated yeast
    • resp. drop, birds, pigeons poo- on feet and beaks
    • mild lung infection>large#=systemic
    • slow, chronic meningitis>brain>NS=fatal
    • Dx: india ink prep: CSF(budding yeast w/halo effect)
    • Fungus culture CSF sabouraud
    • Slide latex test
    • Tx: Amhotercin B or Fluconazole
  3. Histoplasma capsulatum
    • Systemic
    • histoplasmosis- lung infection
    • inhalation of spores
    • soil-bird poo, chx coop, bat caves
    • Miss, Ohio river, Wi (LaCrosse)
    • 80% exposed
    • mild flu-like, pneumonia
    • Dx: Histoplasma skin test, culture: sputum, bronchoscopy
    • Tx: Amphotercin B, Itraconzole (Sporonox)
  4. 3 fungi that cause ringworm
    • Trichophyton
    • Microsporum
    • Epridermophyton
  5. Tinea pedis
    Tinea cruris
    Tinea capitis
    Tinea unguium
    Tinea corpuris
    • athlete's foot
    • jock itch, groin ringworm
    • scalp ringworm
    • nail ringworm
    • body ringworm
  6. Candida albicans
    • Candidiasis
    • oval budding yeast
    • normal flora-digestive, resp., skin, urogenital tract
    • 1. thrush (oral)
    • 2. vaginitis
    • 3. cutaneous (onychia)
    • 4. intestinal
    • 5. systemic
  7. thrush
    • milky patches of inflammation on tongue and mucous membranes in mouth
    • -inflammed tissue under yeast
    • infants, diabetics, prolonged antibiotics, immunocompromised (AIDS, cancer)
    • Tx: Nystantin
  8. Intestinal candidiasis
    • antibiotic overuse, normal flora decreases, yeast overgrown
    • anal infection in AIDS patients, also esophgeal candidisis
  9. Systemic candidiasis
    • worst, deadly
    • invade lungs, kidneys, heart and brain
    • in TV, leukemia, cancer, AIDS patients
    • open heat surgery patients
    • after tooth extraction, bacteria introduced and spread thru blood stream
    • Tx: Amphotericin B, Fluconazole
  10. Dx. of Candida
    • wet prep- budding yeast (vag. secretions)
    • fungus culture
    • germ tubes
  11. Dx. ringworm
    • KOH prep
    • -scrapings
    • -see hyphae and fungal structures

    • culture-Sabouraud
    • -fungal structures
    • -macrodonia, hyphae, microdonia
  12. Sporothrix schenkii
    • Sub Q
    • "Rosethorn disease"
    • Sporotrichosis
    • thorn punctures-soil, wood, peat moss
    • pus-filled, purplish nodules and knots
    • Dx: symptoms, history, fungal culture
    • Tx: Potassium iodide-topical, cutaneous
    • Amphotericin B- systemic
  13. Blastomyces dermatitidis
    • systemic
    • blstomycosis (Gilchrist's disease)
    • soil, bird droppings (pigeon)
    • central, SE US, Canada, Gr. Lakes, Oconto
    • Trans: wounds-disfiguring pus lesions, skin nd sub-q
    • -blood stream>lungs-males 10 to 1
    • Trans: lungs, inhale: pneumonia>other organs
    • -severe pulmonary disease=death
    • Dx: fungus culture (sputum), no skin test
    • Tx: Amphotericin B, Itraconzole
  14. Ringworm
    • tinea
    • blister-like lesions, leaving scaly ring
    • can cause bald spots, change of hair color, hard discolored flaking nails, dry scaly itching skin lesions
    • don't cause severe diseases or invade other tissue, but hard to get rid of (nail)
  15. Coccidioides immitis
    • Systemic
    • coccidiomycosis "Valley Fever", "San Joaquin Fever"
    • SW US, Mexico, Calif
    • inhalation of dust
    • flu-like, self-limited, pumonary inf>meninges, bone-fatal
    • Dx: skin test, culture, sputum, bronchoscopy
    • Tx: Amphotericin B
  16. Cutaneous candidiasis
    • Onycomycosis
    • folds of hands, feet, nails
    • primarily who have hands in water a lot
    • beauticians, swimmers
    • Tx: topical- Clotrimazole
  17. Vaginitis
    Vaginal candidiasis
    • prolonged antibiotics, sugar in secretions (preg., the pill, diabetes)
    • itch, burning, internal pain, reddening, white cheesy discharge
    • vulvovaginal areas infected
    • Tx: Mycostatin, Nystatin, Diflucan

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview