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Who were the German Workers Party?
a small right wing extremist group who wanted to build a National Party with the support of the Working Class
Why did Adolf Hitler join the German Workers Party? What did he change?
- he liked their ideas
- he took over the leadership of the Party
- renamed to National Socialist German Workers Party or tge Nazi
What was Nationalism Germany?
A strong Germany in which all true Germans would live. The Germans were a Master Race whose destiny was to rule all other inferior peoples.
What was Anti-Semitism?
Hatred of the Jews because they caused all Germany's problems. Hitler's Germany had no place for an allegedly inferior race like the Jews
What was Anti-Communism?
attacks on the Communists for their Socialist belief that everyone was equal. At the same time, Hitler believed in state control of the economy.
What was the 7 points of TheNazi Party Programme? (know at least 4)
- A united Germany must include all Germans
- The Treaty of Versailles must be destroyed
- Germany should get more land to feed German People
- Only those of German blood could be Germans. Jews cant be Germans
- Industries should share profits with the the workers
- Old Age pensions should be increased
- The Government must be strong and enforce law and order
How many people joined the Nazis between 1920 and 1923?
Who joined the Nazis?
The supporters were mainly Nationalists and ex-soldiers who felt angry at Germany's defeat.
What was the name given to the politicians who had 'stabbed the German Army in the back'?
Who else did the Nazi Party attract? What did they do?
- People who liked violence.
- Attended meetings of other partyies and started fights to break up their meetings
What was the job of the Stormtroopers?
- Hitler's "special" bodyguards
- Their job was to protect Hitler and to pick fights with other political groups.
What was the flag of the Nazis? and Why?
- The Swastika
- The colours red, white and black attracted attention
Why did Hitler ensure the SA wore uniform?
- He believed that marches and rallies where his party members dressed in uniform and looked well organised and disciplined, would attract support from the people and show how strong the Party was.
- He hoped that people would see that he would be able to rule Germany better than the Weimar Government
Between 1925 and 1929 why did the support for Nazis fall away?
- because the Weimar Government was strong and popular
- unemplyment was low and Germany was benifitting from the policies of Gustav Stresemann
How did the Nazis seats in the Reichstag change from 1928 to 1933?
from 13 to 233
Who supported the Nazis after 1929? Why? (6 groups of people)
- Middle Classes, hoping they would keep the Communists out of power
- German Industralists, gave the Nazi Party money for its campaigns against the Communists
- The unemployed, believing the Nazi promises of bread and work
- The Peasant Farmers, gave their support because of the Nazi promised help
- German Nationalists and Former Soldiers, were attracted by the promises of a strong united Germany
- Many Young People, were attracted by the parades and torchlight processions. The Nazi Party looked exciting.
Who did Hitler stand against in the 1932 election? Did he win?
- Hitler gained 13million votes but lost the election
In the General Election in July 1932, what happened for the Nazis?
They won 230 seats in the Reichstag to become the largest party, without an overall majority.
Why did Hindenburg refuse to appoint Hitler as Chancellor?
On the grounds that he didn't trust Hitler to run the country in a democratic fashion.
What happened on 30th January 1933?
Hindenburg had no choice but to appoint Hitler as Chancellor of Germany
What was Hitler's three main problems now that he was Chancellor?
- President Hindenburg was still powerful and could limit Hitler's control
- The Nazis still had to follow the Weimar Constitution and rule through the Reichstag
- The Nazis still did not have a majority in the Reichstag
What did Hitler blamed the Communists for?
For setting the Reichstag Building on fire
In the Reichstag Elections of March 1933 what did Hitler do?
- He made a deal with the Centre Party and the Nationalists who promised to vote for him
- He used the emergency laws to prevent the Communist deputies from taking their seats in the Reichstag
- He used the SA to threaten and bully other deputies into voting for what he wanted
What act did Hitler pass in March 1933?
The Enabling Act
What happened in July 1933?
All political parties except the Nazis were outlawed
What were the only two remaining limits on Hitler's power in 1933?
- The Army Officers
- The 96 year old President Hindenburg
What happened on the "Night of the Long Knives" ?
- Hitler removed the leadership of his SA
- The Army generals had feared that the SA would try to remove them and take over control of the Army for itself
- By killing his own men, Hitler won the loyalty and approval of the Army
What happened on 2nd August 1934?
- President Hinderburg died
- Hitler claimed the title of President as well as Chancellor
In 1934 Hitler made himself Fuhrer, what did he do?
- Each soldier had to made a personal promise to support him
- The Weimar Constitution was abolished
- Democracy in Germany was dead
- The Third Reich had begun