The Rise of the Nazi Party.txt
Card Set Information
The Rise of the Nazi Party.txt
Rise Nazi Party Nazis Hitler Standard Grade History Germany
Rise of the Nazi Party, Hitler and what changed?
Who were the German Workers Party?
a small right wing extremist group who wanted to build a National Party with the support of the Working Class
Why did Adolf Hitler join the German Workers Party? What did he change?
he liked their ideas
he took over the leadership of the Party
renamed to National Socialist German Workers Party or tge Nazi
What was Nationalism Germany?
A strong Germany in which all true Germans would live. The Germans were a Master Race whose destiny was to rule all other inferior peoples.
What was Anti-Semitism?
Hatred of the Jews because they caused all Germany's problems. Hitler's Germany had no place for an allegedly inferior race like the Jews
What was Anti-Communism?
attacks on the Communists for their Socialist belief that everyone was equal. At the same time, Hitler believed in state control of the economy.
What was the 7 points of TheNazi Party Programme? (know at least 4)
A united Germany must include all Germans
The Treaty of Versailles must be destroyed
Germany should get more land to feed German People
Only those of German blood could be Germans. Jews cant be Germans
Industries should share profits with the the workers
Old Age pensions should be increased
The Government must be strong and enforce law and order
How many people joined the Nazis between 1920 and 1923?
Who joined the Nazis?
The supporters were mainly Nationalists and ex-soldiers who felt angry at Germany's defeat.
What was the name given to the politicians who had 'stabbed the German Army in the back'?
Who else did the Nazi Party attract? What did they do?
People who liked violence.
Attended meetings of other partyies and started fights to break up their meetings
What was the job of the Stormtroopers?
Hitler's "special" bodyguards
Their job was to protect Hitler and to pick fights with other political groups.
What was the flag of the Nazis? and Why?
The colours red, white and black attracted attention
Why did Hitler ensure the SA wore uniform?
He believed that marches and rallies where his party members dressed in uniform and looked well organised and disciplined, would attract support from the people and show how strong the Party was.
He hoped that people would see that he would be able to rule Germany better than the Weimar Government
Between 1925 and 1929 why did the support for Nazis fall away?
because the Weimar Government was strong and popular
unemplyment was low and Germany was benifitting from the policies of Gustav Stresemann
How did the Nazis seats in the Reichstag change from 1928 to 1933?
from 13 to 233
Who supported the Nazis after 1929? Why? (6 groups of people)
Middle Classes, hoping they would keep the Communists out of power
German Industralists, gave the Nazi Party money for its campaigns against the Communists
The unemployed, believing the Nazi promises of bread and work
The Peasant Farmers, gave their support because of the Nazi promised help
German Nationalists and Former Soldiers, were attracted by the promises of a strong united Germany
Many Young People, were attracted by the parades and torchlight processions. The Nazi Party looked exciting.
Who did Hitler stand against in the 1932 election? Did he win?
Hitler gained 13million votes but lost the election
In the General Election in July 1932, what happened for the Nazis?
They won 230 seats in the Reichstag to become the largest party, without an overall majority.
Why did Hindenburg refuse to appoint Hitler as Chancellor?
On the grounds that he didn't trust Hitler to run the country in a democratic fashion.
What happened on 30th January 1933?
Hindenburg had no choice but to appoint Hitler as Chancellor of Germany
What was Hitler's three main problems now that he was Chancellor?
President Hindenburg was still powerful and could limit Hitler's control
The Nazis still had to follow the Weimar Constitution and rule through the Reichstag
The Nazis still did not have a majority in the Reichstag
What did Hitler blamed the Communists for?
For setting the Reichstag Building on fire
In the Reichstag Elections of March 1933 what did Hitler do?
He made a deal with the Centre Party and the Nationalists who promised to vote for him
He used the emergency laws to prevent the Communist deputies from taking their seats in the Reichstag
He used the SA to threaten and bully other deputies into voting for what he wanted
What act did Hitler pass in March 1933?
The Enabling Act
What happened in July 1933?
All political parties except the Nazis were outlawed
What were the only two remaining limits on Hitler's power in 1933?
The Army Officers
The 96 year old President Hindenburg
What happened on the "Night of the Long Knives" ?
Hitler removed the leadership of his SA
The Army generals had feared that the SA would try to remove them and take over control of the Army for itself
By killing his own men, Hitler won the loyalty and approval of the Army
What happened on 2nd August 1934?
President Hinderburg died
Hitler claimed the title of President as well as Chancellor
In 1934 Hitler made himself Fuhrer, what did he do?
Each soldier had to made a personal promise to support him
The Weimar Constitution was abolished
Democracy in Germany was dead
The Third Reich had begun