CH. 24 Vital signs lecture.

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genusarmy1
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86065
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CH. 24 Vital signs lecture.
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2011-05-16 02:58:42
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Vital signs lecture CH. 24
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  1. Define Blood Pressure
    Measures the force exerted on the arterial walls with every contraction (systolic) and relaxation (diastolic) of the heart.
  2. Hypertension is consistently...
    elevated blood pressure above normal range.
  3. The five categories of Hypertension are...
    • Primary: No obvious cause or cure. (Possible structural defect)
    • Secondary: Has an obvious cause. (Leading cause - Obesity)
    • Benign: Progresses slowly
    • Malignant: Progresses rapidly and causes organ damage. (Damage is most significant to the Heart)
    • White Coat: Anxiety or fear. (All in the head)
  4. Which of the 5 categories of Hypertension has no obvious cause or cure and possible structural defect?

    a) Primary
    b) Secondary
    c) Benign
    d) Malignant
    e) White Coat
    a) Primary
  5. Which of the 5 categories of Hypertension has an obvious cause, and the leading cause is Obesity?

    a) Primary
    b) Secondary
    c) Benign
    d) Malignant
    e) White Coat
    b) Primary
  6. Which of the 5 categories of Hypertension progresses slowly?

    a) Primary
    b) Secondary
    c) Benign
    d) Malignant
    e) White Coat
    c) Benign
  7. Which of the 5 categories of Hypertension progresses rapidly and causes organ damage, most significantly to the heart.

    a) Primary
    b) Secondary
    c) Benign
    d) Malignant
    e) White Coat
    d) Malignant
  8. Which of the 5 categories of Hypertension is caused by anxiety or fear, mostly in the head?

    a) Primary
    b) Secondary
    c) Benign
    d) Malignant
    e) White Coat
    e) White Coat
  9. Hypotension is...
    Blood pressure consistantly below normal range. (90/60 and below)
  10. At 60/40 and below, your blood pressure is...?
    Too Low
  11. At 50/30 and below, your blood pressure is...?
    In the danger zone.
  12. 140/90 and up is considered...?
    High Blood pressure
  13. 120-139/80-89 is considered...?
    Prehypertension
  14. Normal Blood pressure range for an adult is...?
    120/80-90/60
  15. Normal Blood pressure for Child 10 years old is ...?
    100/65
  16. Normal Blood pressure for an Adolescent 16 years old is...?
    118/75
  17. Normal Blood pressure for an adult is...?
    • 120/80
    • Systolic-120
    • Diastolic-80
  18. The best side of the body to take blood pressure on is the...?
    Left side
  19. How many artery pulse sites are there?
    8
  20. Name the 8 artery pulse sites and their locations
    • Temporal artery- head or temple
    • Caratoid artery- side of neck
    • Apical artery- center of chest
    • Brachial artery- near elbow
    • Radial artery- underside of wrist
    • Femoral artery- near groind
    • Popliteal artery- behind knee
    • Dorsalis Pedis artery- near ankle on top side of foot.
  21. The normal pulse rate at birth is...?
    130-140 bpm
  22. The normal pulse rate of an infant is...?
    110-130 bpm
  23. The normal pulse rate for a child 1 years old is...?
    110-130 bpm
  24. The normal pulse rate for a child 2 years old is...?
    96-115 bpm
  25. The normal pulse rate for a child 3 years old is...?
    86-105 bpm
  26. The normal pulse rate for a child 17-14 years old is...?
    76-90 bpm
  27. Normal pulse rates are also called...?
    Rhythms or rhythmias
  28. Abnormal pulse rates are also called...?
    Arrhythmias
  29. A pulse rate less than 60 bpm is
    Bradycardia
  30. A pulse rate greater than 100 bpm is
    Tachycardia
  31. Normal respitory rate for a newborn is...?
    44 rpm
  32. Normal respitory rate for an infant is...?
    20-40 rpm
  33. Normal respitory rate for children 1-7 years is...?
    18-30 rpm
  34. Normal respitory rate for adults is...?
    10-20 rpm
  35. When checking the pulse you should also note these conditions...?
    • Steady
    • Irregular
    • Hard
    • and Bulging
  36. When checking respiration you should also check...?
    If they can completely fill their lungs, and if they are making any unusual sounds as they breath.
  37. Define Eupnea
    Normal breathing
  38. Define Apnea
    Tempory absence of breathing
  39. Define Tachypnea
    Respitory rate above 40 rpm
  40. Define Cheyne-Stokes
    Regular pattern of irregular breathing
  41. Define Orthopnea
    Severe, labored breathing
  42. Define Hypoventilation
    Inhaled oxygen is increased and carbon dioxide is decreased.

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