SOC STU Facts
Card Set Information
SOC STU Facts
A. Attacks from Corsairs:
In 1595, Sir Frances Drake from England attacked PR and who also had a bigger army. The troops of La Forteleza frustrated the attack but did not succeed.
In 1598, George Clifford from England attacked PR who arrived in Condado & reached San Juan. Clifford left due to an epidemic.
In 1625, Balduino Enrico from Holland attacked PR and who also stole & burned cities. Civilians were the ones who fought the most.
B.Products Exchanged in Contraband:
: tools, slaves, fabric, cheese, and wine
: ginger, cocoa, tobacco, wood, and sugar
C. Main Enemies of Spain:
D. Limitations of Sugar Production:
frequency of the commercial boats
sugar would get rotten quick
other colonies started exporting sugar
landowners were bankrupt
E. Benefits of Ginger as Main Export
easy to grow
not much land needed
needed less slaves (cheaper)
F. Forts of PR
Palacio de Santa Catalina--> La Fortaleza
Fortín San Gerónimo del Boquerón
Castillo San Felipe del Morro
Fortín San Juan de la Cruz
Fuerte San Cristobal
Murallas de San Juan
G. Reforms Introduced by the Borbon Family
eliminate the economical and political independence of the territories
centralize the power in the monarchy
reorganize the army
to make official the collection of taxes
hired employees according to their talent, efficiency, and loyalty
H. Explanation of O’Reilly Report
He saw the population was spread out
The government couldn’t control how people acted
There was an increase of contraband
Puerto Ricans were lazy
People did not pay taxes
I. Changes to PR’s Miltitia
reorganized the miltia
officials were named
people received daily training
blacks could join, increasing the amount of people
became known as disciplined militia
restore forts and walls in San Juan
J. Last Attack to PR
When? April 1797
Who? Admiral Henry Harvy and Captain Ralph Abercromby from England
Where? the coast of Cangrejos which is now Piñones, part of Santurce, and part of Loíza and was land attack
Who defended? Creoles of Cangrejos and blacks for land and way of life
How? Entered by land and establish a operation center in which to use element of surprise
K. Ways How the O'Reilly Report Affected PR
Organized the military defense
Made PR participate in exportation economy of sugar
PR was allowed to trade with other colonies
L. Inconvenience of Implementing the Real Cédula de 1778
There wasn't an inventory of farm property or exactly who owned the land.
Most of the land was for raising cattle and not for agriculture.
The monarchy wanted to destroy the hatos which created legal problems.
M. French Revolution
: Napoleon Bonaparte
: The French raised taxes.
: PR got the ideas of having a revolution of it's own.
N. Haitian Revolution
: Toussaint L'Orveture
: Haitian Slaves began to rebel, took over plantations and killed landowners. Also hard work.
: Spaniards become afraid of other slave reveling so they made harsher punishments for slave rebellions.
O. How Spaniards Prevented Slave Rebellions
Watched slaves more carefully
Banned news coming from Haiti
Stopped every single rebellion before it got out of control
P. Contributions of Ramón Power y Giralt
Became vice president of the Parliament
Q. Cuba's Independent Movement
Guerra de los 10 años (1868-1878)
Guerra Chiquita (1879-1880)
Grito de Baires (Feb. 23, 1895) - got independence
R. Changes Brought by the Carta Autonómica
there is now a parliament with 2 houses (Senate and Representatives) with a general governor who represent the metropolis and would have main control
S. Explosion of Maine
Began a war between US and Spain in which the end PR become a possession of US (Hispanic American War)
T. Puerto Rican Invasion by General Miles
He went through Guánica to get to know land.
He made illusion of coming in peace by offering a lot of promises to the PRicans.
U. Reasons why US Gave us the American Citizenship:
WWI was going on.
US needed more soldiers.