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medieval study and development of Aristotle's philosophy
the belief that matter consists at atoms
metaphysical doctrine by Engels held by Marxists that matter is primary and is governed by dialectical laws
- view that all knowledge is derived from experience
- Locke, Berkeley, and Hume
- view that subject of philosophy is being which cannot be made the subject of objective inquiry but can only be investigated by reflection on one's own existence.
- Kierkegaard and Sartre
- so-called "external world' is actually a creation of the mind.
- Berkeley and Hegel
- radical empiricist position
- meaning of a proposition consists in the method of its verification
- aka logical empiricism
- by Marx and Engels
- includes dialectical materialism
- dominant in Europe from 250-1250
- begun by Plotinus, combo of Plato's ideas with others ie Aristotle and Pythagoras
- scrupulous inspection of one's own conscious thought process
- developed by Husserl
- theory of meaning (used by Peirce)
- theory of truth (used by James) ideas become true just so far as they help us to get into satisfactory relations with other parts of our experience
- knowledge of the external world can be derived from reason alone without recourse to experience
- Descartes, Leibnitz, Spinoza