Forensic RAT 1

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  1. Interrogation approaches
    • Good guy/bad guy
    • Factual
    • Emotional
  2. Purpose of the interview and interrogation process
    • Identify the guilty party and obtain a legally admissible confession
    • Establish convincingly that a particular suspect was involved
    • Clear other related cases and recover evidence
  3. Types of Interrogation (models)
    • Suspect decision-making
    • Cognitive-behavioral
    • Psychoanalytic
    • Emotional
    • Interaction process (Wicklander Zulawski)
  4. Suspect decision making
    • Relies on the premise that the suspect becomes involved in a complicated decision-making process.
    • Suspect must consider their options and the likely consequences
  5. Cognitive-behavioral model
    The confession results from the unique relationships among the subject
  6. Types of consequences
    • Immediate
    • Long-term
  7. Four areas in cognitive behavior model that a subject uses in determining whether to confess
    • Social
    • Emotional
    • Cognitive
    • Situational
  8. Psychoanalytical model
    • Postulates that the feeling of guilt are the foundation of the decision to confess
    • Least valuable
  9. Emotional model
    • Subject's failure to tell the truth is the result of their attempt to avoid the consequences of their actions
    • Interrogator is viewed as a mediator
    • Encourages the subject to make an emotional decision to confess
  10. Interaction process model
    • Wicklander - Zulawski
    • Uses the characteristics of the suspect to determine the approach and style used by the interrogator
    • Encourages the subject to make a rational decision to confess
  11. Transactional analysis
    • Attempt to explain interpersonal relationships
    • Individuals adopt one of three roles: parent, adult, and child
  12. Fear/hurdles that the interrogator must address
    to overcome the suspect’s resistance to a confession
    • Termination or financial repercussions
    • Arrest or prosecution
    • Embarrassment
    • Restitution
    • Retaliation
  13. Reasons a suspect might deny guilt
    • Environment
    • Suspect
    • Interrogator
  14. Parts of interrogation
    • Reducing resistance
    • Obtaining the admission
    • Development of the admission
    • Professional close
  15. Reducing resistance
    • Establish rapport
    • Convince them that their guilt is known
    • Allow them to save face
    • Avoid forcing them into a position where they have to deny
  16. Suspects will move through several distinct phases
    • Rejection
    • Evaluation
    • Submission
Card Set
Forensic RAT 1
ACCT 5553
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