Ch.5 Voc.

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Ch.5 Voc.
2010-03-01 12:23:36
SOSC 2501

Chapter 5: Power & Social Class
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  1. Define class conflict.
    conflict between upper and lower social classes over wealth and power
  2. Define class consciousness.
    believing that all members of one’s class have similar political and economic interests that compete with those of other classes
  3. Define conflict theory.
    inequality is imposed on society by those who want to retain their wealth and power
  4. Define deindustrialization.
    a decline in the manufacturing sector of the economy
  5. Define division of labor.
    individuals perform distinct, assigned functions
  6. Define dsyfunctions.
    undesirable by-products of relations or institutions
  7. Define equal of opportunity.
    equal chances for success based on ability, work, initiative, and luck
  8. Define equality of results.
    equal incomes regardless of ability, work, or initiative
  9. Define feminist theory.
    a form of conflict theory that views society through a gendered prism and emphasizes women’s struggle for equality with men
  10. Define fuctional theory.
    inequality is necessary because it gets people to work harder in more demanding jobs that require longer training and greater skills.
  11. Define globalization.
    increasing exchanges of goods and services by firms in different countries
  12. Define latent functions.
    unrecognized or unanticipated functions of societal relations or an institution
  13. Define manifest functions.
    acknowledged and expected functions of societal relations or an institution
  14. Define measuring inequality.
    percentage of total national income received by each fifth of income earners
  15. Define objective identification.
    ranking by occupation, income, or education
  16. Define pluralist.
    theorists who argue that groups are the dominant influence in public policymaking
  17. Define power elite.
    C. Wright Mills’s term for a ruling class who dominates decision making
  18. Define reputational identification.
    individuals ranking the prestige of occupations
  19. Define social class.
    a category and ranking in the stratification system
  20. Define social mobility.
    the movement of people upward or downward in social class
  21. Define stratification.
    systematic classification of people into ranks on a superiorityinferiority scale
  22. Define subjective identification.
    individuals identify their own social class
  23. Define subjective reality.
    one individual’s interpretation of events that occur in a social interaction
  24. Define The Chicago School.
    the first sociology department in the U.S., located at the University of Chicago