Geography - Populations
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What are the physical factors affecting distribution and density? (7)
- Natural Resources
- Water Supply
- Natural Routes
What are the human factors affecting distribution and density? (3)
Decribe the meaning of density.
The number of people living in a given area, per km2.
How would you describe an area that has relatively few people? It is ________ populated.
What is the red line on a demographic transition model?
What is the blue line on a demographic transition model?
What is the dotted line on a demographic transition model?
What is the space between the red and blue lines symoblise? Which line must be at the top for it to be increasing?
- Natural decrease/increase in population.
- The birth rate must be higher than the death rate.
How many stages are in a demographic transition model?
What causes birth rates to be high? (4)
- No birth control
- Children die in infancy, therefore parents tend to have more in hopes some will survive. (LEDC)
- Children are needed to work on the land
- Religious beliefs
What causes high death rates? (4)
- Poor hygiene
- Poor/lack of medical facilities.
What causes falls in death rates? (4)
- Improved medical care
- Improved sanitation
- Improvements in food quality and quantity
- Improved transport
What causes falls in birth rates? (5)
- Family planning
- Lower infant mortality = less children being born.
- Industrialisation - less need of child workers
- Modernisation - increased desire for possessions
- Rights for woman - allowing them to pursue careers
How are birth and death rates calculated?
Birth and death rates per 1000 people per year
What is the case study for limiting the population?
China's One Chilid Policy
What did China's One Policy enforce?
- Couples had to apply to be married before having a child
- Raise of marriage age for both women and men
- Only one child per family
If people complied to China's One Child policy what did they receive? (3) What happened if they did not? (3)
- Free education for their child
- Priority housing
- Family benefits
- Forced abortion
- Sterilisation for males
- Heavy fines
In terms of infants, what was the unfortunate result of China's One Child Policy?
What do the 4 population structures look like?
What are the problems of having an ageing population? (2)
- More money is needed for elderly homes and medical care
- Less money and time is spent on youth
What is the case study for an ageing population?
What has caused an ageing population? (3)
- Better medical care
- More money spent on the elderly
- Better living conditions
What is the case for population distribution and density?
Why is there a problem of density and distribution in Brazil?
90% of the population live on the coast because the inner regions are inhabitable.
What is the average population density for Brazil?
20.3 per km2
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