Geography - Farming

Card Set Information

Author:
kikikaze
ID:
86324
Filename:
Geography - Farming
Updated:
2011-05-17 10:00:08
Tags:
igcse geography farming
Folders:

Description:
Geography Farming
Show Answers:

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview

The flashcards below were created by user kikikaze on FreezingBlue Flashcards. What would you like to do?


  1. What are the stages of a farming system?
    Inputs -> Processes -> Outputs
  2. What are the environmental factors affecting farming? (4)
    • Relief and alltitude
    • Soils
    • Temperature & Sun
    • Rainfall & Water supply
  3. What are the social factors affecting farming? (5)
    • Size of farms
    • Transport
    • Markets
    • Capital
    • Technology
  4. What are the political factors affecting farming? (2)
    • Government policies
    • Variable inputs
  5. What are the three main types of farming?
    • Arable
    • Mixed
    • Pasture
  6. What is the case study for Pastoral farming?
    Pastoral farming in Lake District
  7. What are the environmental (4), social (3) and variable (3) inputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District?
    • Environmental
    • - Heavy rainfall
    • - Cool summers
    • - Steep valley sides
    • - Poor and good quality grass for cows and sheep

    • Social
    • - Limited capital
    • - Poor communications
    • - Large markets (far away)

    • Variable
    • - Occassional snowfall
    • - disease amongst sheep
    • - government restrictions
  8. What are the proccesses of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (3)
    • Lambing
    • Shearing
    • Collecting Hay
  9. What are the outputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (4)
    • Young lambs
    • Lamb meat
    • Wool
    • Hay
  10. What is the case studie for arable farming?
    Arable farming in Easy Anglia
  11. What are the environmental (2), social (2) and variable inputs (2) of Arable farming in East Anglia?
    • Environmental
    • - Rainfall during summer
    • - Fertile well drained soil

    • Social
    • - Good transport
    • - Considerable capital

    • Variable
    • - Possible droughts
    • - Disease affecting crops
  12. What are the proccesses of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
    • Ploughing
    • Harvesting
    • Weeding
    • Applying fertilisers
    • Maintaining machinery
  13. What are the outputs of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
    • Wheat
    • Barley
    • Potatoes
    • Peas
    • Beans
  14. What is the difference between commercial and subsistence farming?
    Commercial farming is where goods are produced to be sold and traded for profit, subsistence farming is when goods are produced for own usage.
  15. How has farming changed? (3)
    • Chemical usage has increased
    • Organic farming has been introduced
    • Genetic mutation has been used to find highest yielding lower maintenance products.
  16. What is the case study for subsistence farming?
    The Lower Ganges Valley
  17. Where is the Ganges Valley?
    In the Himalayas
  18. What is mainly farmed at the Lower Ganges Valley?
    Rice
  19. What are environmental (3) and social inputs (3) of the Lower Ganges Valley?
    • Environmental
    • - Rich soil deposited by tributaries
    • - Monsoon rains flood fields
    • - Continuous growing season

    • Social
    • - Much manual effort
    • - Farms are small, so machinery can't fit
    • - Use of buffalo for manure.
  20. What are the proccesses of subsistance rice farming in the Lower Ganges Valley? (5)
    • Transplanting rice
    • Ploughing rice
    • Harvesting rice
    • Planting wheat
    • Harvesting wheat
  21. What are the outputs of the subsistence farming in the Lower Ganges valley? (4)
    • Rice
    • Wheat
    • Chickens
    • Vegetables
  22. What are some recent changes in the subsistence farming (on the Lower Ganges)? (3)
    • Land reform - increase small plots to large plots
    • The Green Revolution - introduction of western type schemes to farming. Genetic mutation of rice plants
    • Technology - sustainable water pumps and irrigation - still using human labour.
  23. What is Green Revolution?
    The introduction of western farming techniques. Including genetic mutation of plants for higher yields
  24. Success (4) and Failures (4) of the Green Revolution
    • Successes:
    • Increased food production
    • Higher yields
    • Stronger crops
    • More crops (faster growing times)

    • Failures:
    • Genetically modified require more fertilisers - increasing costs
    • Need controlled water supply
    • More suceptable to disease
    • Less sustainable

What would you like to do?

Home > Flashcards > Print Preview