Geography - Farming
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What are the stages of a farming system?
Inputs -> Processes -> Outputs
What are the environmental factors affecting farming? (4)
- Relief and alltitude
- Temperature & Sun
- Rainfall & Water supply
What are the social factors affecting farming? (5)
- Size of farms
What are the political factors affecting farming? (2)
- Government policies
- Variable inputs
What are the three main types of farming?
What is the case study for Pastoral farming?
Pastoral farming in Lake District
What are the environmental (4), social (3) and variable (3) inputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District?
- - Heavy rainfall
- - Cool summers
- - Steep valley sides
- - Poor and good quality grass for cows and sheep
- - Limited capital
- - Poor communications
- - Large markets (far away)
- - Occassional snowfall
- - disease amongst sheep
- - government restrictions
What are the proccesses of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (3)
- Collecting Hay
What are the outputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (4)
- Young lambs
- Lamb meat
What is the case studie for arable farming?
Arable farming in Easy Anglia
What are the environmental (2), social (2) and variable inputs (2) of Arable farming in East Anglia?
- - Rainfall during summer
- - Fertile well drained soil
- - Good transport
- - Considerable capital
- - Possible droughts
- - Disease affecting crops
What are the proccesses of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
- Applying fertilisers
- Maintaining machinery
What are the outputs of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
What is the difference between commercial and subsistence farming?
Commercial farming is where goods are produced to be sold and traded for profit, subsistence farming is when goods are produced for own usage.
How has farming changed? (3)
- Chemical usage has increased
- Organic farming has been introduced
- Genetic mutation has been used to find highest yielding lower maintenance products.
What is the case study for subsistence farming?
The Lower Ganges Valley
Where is the Ganges Valley?
In the Himalayas
What is mainly farmed at the Lower Ganges Valley?
What are environmental (3) and social inputs (3) of the Lower Ganges Valley?
- - Rich soil deposited by tributaries
- - Monsoon rains flood fields
- - Continuous growing season
- - Much manual effort
- - Farms are small, so machinery can't fit
- - Use of buffalo for manure.
What are the proccesses of subsistance rice farming in the Lower Ganges Valley? (5)
- Transplanting rice
- Ploughing rice
- Harvesting rice
- Planting wheat
- Harvesting wheat
What are the outputs of the subsistence farming in the Lower Ganges valley? (4)
What are some recent changes in the subsistence farming (on the Lower Ganges)? (3)
- Land reform - increase small plots to large plots
- The Green Revolution - introduction of western type schemes to farming. Genetic mutation of rice plants
- Technology - sustainable water pumps and irrigation - still using human labour.
What is Green Revolution?
The introduction of western farming techniques. Including genetic mutation of plants for higher yields
Success (4) and Failures (4) of the Green Revolution
- Increased food production
- Higher yields
- Stronger crops
- More crops (faster growing times)
- Genetically modified require more fertilisers - increasing costs
- Need controlled water supply
- More suceptable to disease
- Less sustainable
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