Geography - Farming
Card Set Information
Geography - Farming
igcse geography farming
What are the stages of a farming system?
Inputs -> Processes -> Outputs
What are the environmental factors affecting farming? (4)
Relief and alltitude
Temperature & Sun
Rainfall & Water supply
What are the social factors affecting farming? (5)
Size of farms
What are the political factors affecting farming? (2)
What are the three main types of farming?
What is the case study for Pastoral farming?
Pastoral farming in Lake District
What are the environmental (4), social (3) and variable (3) inputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District?
- Heavy rainfall
- Cool summers
- Steep valley sides
- Poor and good quality grass for cows and sheep
- Limited capital
- Poor communications
- Large markets (far away)
- Occassional snowfall
- disease amongst sheep
- government restrictions
What are the proccesses of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (3)
What are the outputs of Pastoral farming in Lake District? (4)
What is the case studie for arable farming?
Arable farming in Easy Anglia
What are the environmental (2), social (2) and variable inputs (2) of Arable farming in East Anglia?
- Rainfall during summer
- Fertile well drained soil
- Good transport
- Considerable capital
- Possible droughts
- Disease affecting crops
What are the proccesses of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
What are the outputs of Arable farming in East Anglia? (5)
What is the difference between commercial and subsistence farming?
Commercial farming is where goods are produced to be sold and traded for profit, subsistence farming is when goods are produced for own usage.
How has farming changed? (3)
Chemical usage has increased
Organic farming has been introduced
Genetic mutation has been used to find highest yielding lower maintenance products.
What is the case study for subsistence farming?
The Lower Ganges Valley
Where is the Ganges Valley?
In the Himalayas
What is mainly farmed at the Lower Ganges Valley?
What are environmental (3) and social inputs (3) of the Lower Ganges Valley?
- Rich soil deposited by tributaries
- Monsoon rains flood fields
- Continuous growing season
- Much manual effort
- Farms are small, so machinery can't fit
- Use of buffalo for manure.
What are the proccesses of subsistance rice farming in the Lower Ganges Valley? (5)
What are the outputs of the subsistence farming in the Lower Ganges valley? (4)
What are some recent changes in the subsistence farming (on the Lower Ganges)? (3)
Land reform - increase small plots to large plots
The Green Revolution - introduction of western type schemes to farming. Genetic mutation of rice plants
Technology - sustainable water pumps and irrigation - still using human labour.
What is Green Revolution?
The introduction of western farming techniques. Including genetic mutation of plants for higher yields
Success (4) and Failures (4) of the Green Revolution
Increased food production
More crops (faster growing times)
Genetically modified require more fertilisers - increasing costs
Need controlled water supply
More suceptable to disease